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Berlin Brandenburg

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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: Antiviral Research, 1995, Vol.27(4), pp.405-418
    Description: Antiviral activity of L-ascorbic acid-2-phosphate (ASC-2P), a long-acting derivative of L-ascorbic acid, against several human cytomegalovirus (CMV) strains was examined in cultures of human foreskin fibroblasts (HFF) and endothelial cells (EC). ASC-2P at concentrations ranging from 0.2 to 2 mM had no effect on the number of cells expressing 72 kDa CMV immediate early antigen (IEA) while it inhibited expression of 68 kDa late antigen (LA) in infected cultures of both cell types (30% and 55% reduction for EC and HFF, respectively). In HFF cells, virus yield was reduced up to 4-fold, when ASC-2P was added after CMV infection. Antiviral effects were significantly increased in cultures pretreated with ASC-2P. In HFF and EC pretreated for three subcultures (18 days) with 0.2 mM ASC-2P, a significant reduction of cells expressing IEA (75% and 80% reduction in EC and HFF, respectively) and LA (92% and 90% reduction for EC and HFF, respectively) was observed. Pretreatment for three subcultures with ASC-2P inhibited virus yield 50- to 100- fold in EC and 100- to 1000-fold in HFF. The continuous presence of ASC-2P was not required for its antiviral activity. A significantly higher reduction of virus replication with ganciclovir and foscarnet was obtained in ASC-2P pretreated cells than in untreated controls. The results showed that ASC-2P provides L-ascorbic acid with long-lasting antiviral activity against CMV. ASC-2P may be of benefit for the adjunctive treatment of CMV infection.
    Keywords: Human Cytomegalovirus ; L-Ascorbic Acid 2-Phosphate ; Ganciclovir ; Foscarnet ; Medicine ; Biology
    ISSN: 0166-3542
    E-ISSN: 1872-9096
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: Human Immunology, 1995, Vol.44(3), pp.136-144
    Description: Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection has been associated with enhanced expression of HLA antigens on the endothelium and with cellular infiltrates within the graft following human organ transplantation. We investigated the interactions between human cytomegalovirus-infected cultured endothelial cells and cocultured syngeneic as well as allogeneic lymphocytes. Our objective was to find out whether cocultured lymphocytes elicit HCMV-mediated immune responses. In this report we focus on the modified expression of HLA antigens on the surface membrane of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Endothelial expression of HLA class I and II antigens was measured by means of flow cytometry. Cocultures of HCMV-infected HUVECs with unprimed autologous PBLs led to virus-specific lymphocyte response, resulting in enhanced expression of HLA class I on HUVECs. This effect was only observed when lymphocytes were added to HUVECs during the very early phase after virus inoculation and was due to the stimulation of the CD8 + T-cell subpopulation. The modification of endothelial HLA expression was not observed in transwell cocultures, indicating the importance of cellular contact between endothelial cells and lymphocytes to elicit this effect. We conclude that HCMV-infected endothelial cells may induce virus-specific responses of unprimed syngeneic lymphocytes that lead to upregulated HLA class I expression on the endothelium. This pathway might be of important relevance for graft rejection crises after transplantation.
    Keywords: Medicine ; Biology
    ISSN: 0198-8859
    E-ISSN: 1879-1166
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: Transplant Immunology, 1995, Vol.3(4), pp.313-320
    Description: Desferrioxamine (DFO), commonly used in therapy as a chelator of ferric ion in disorders of iron overload, is a potent inhibitor of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) replication in cultured fibroblast cells. Moreover, DFO has immunomodulatory activity both in vitro and in vivo. We studied DFO effects on HCMV replication in cultured human endothelial cells and on the expression of several cell surface molecules, which mediate interactions of endothelial cells with other cell types in the immune system. The concentrations of DFO required for 50% reduction in the number of endothelial cells expressing HCMV late antigen, ranged for several HCMV strains from 5.2 to 8.8 microM. DFO concentrations ranging from 5 to 40 microM inhibited cellular DNA synthesis in a dose-dependent manner without any significant effects on the cell viability. DFO at 10 microM concentration suppressed expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and endothelial leucocyte adhesion molecule-1 (ELAM-1), while it had no significant effect on the expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1). Expression of HLA class I and class II was not influenced by DFO treatment. The results showed that DFO is both effective in inhibition of HCMV replication and expression of ICAM-1 and ELAM-1 in endothelial cells, a combination that warrants attention to its potential use to prevent HCMV-induced allograft rejection in transplant recipients.
    Keywords: Medicine ; Biology
    ISSN: 0966-3274
    E-ISSN: 1878-5492
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