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Berlin Brandenburg


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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 2007, Vol.303(3), pp.249-252
    Description: Colloids play a crucial role in the translocation of trace elements in soils. Recent studies provided hints that colloid hydrophobicity may be an important factor controlling colloid (im)mobilization in soils. However, existing methods for the determination of hydrophobicity are limited to the bulk soil. Therefore, we developed a method to determine the hydrophobicity of suspended colloids in aqueous soil suspensions, which was based on a distribution between a polar and a non-polar phase. The proposed method uses 30 mg of an unpolar solid phase (C18-column material) which are mixed with 10 mL of suspension for 2 h. The turbidity of the suspensions is measured before and after mixing. The ratio of the colloids in the hydrophilic aqueous and the hydrophobic solid phase is calculated as a measure of colloid hydrophobicity. This method was successfully tested on differently hydrophobized goethite particles. At DOC concentrations exceeding 20 mg L , organic molecules sorbed to C18-material limit the applicability of the method.
    Keywords: Water Repellence ; Zeta Potential ; Colloid ; Soil Drying ; Engineering ; Chemistry
    ISSN: 0927-7757
    E-ISSN: 1873-4359
    Source: ScienceDirect Journals (Elsevier)
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: Journal of environmental quality, 2007, Vol.36(4), pp.1187-93
    Description: Drying of soil may increase the hydrophobicity of soil and affect the mobilization of colloids after re-wetting. Results of previous research suggest that colloid hydrophobicity is an important parameter in controlling the retention of colloids and colloid-associated substances in soils. We tested the hypothesis that air-drying of soil samples increases the hydrophobicity of water-dispersible colloids and whether air-drying affects the mobilization of colloid-associated heavy metals. We performed batch experiments with field-moist and air-dried (25 degrees C) soils from a former sewage farm (sandy loam), a municipal park (loamy sand), and a shooting range site (loamy sand with 25% C(org)). The filtered suspensions (〈1.2 microm) were analyzed for concentrations of dissolved and colloidal organic C and heavy metals (Cu, Cd, Pb, Zn), average colloid size, zeta potential, and turbidity. The hydrophobicity of colloids was determined by their partitioning between a hydrophobic solid and a hydrophilic aqueous phase. Drying increased hydrophobicity of the solid phase but did not affect the hydrophobicity of the dispersed colloids. Drying decreased the amount of mobilized mineral and (organo-)mineral colloids in the sewage farm soils but increased the mobilization of organic colloids in the C-rich shooting range soil. Dried samples released less colloid-bound Cd and Zn than field-moist samples. Drying-induced mobilization of dissolved organic C caused a redistribution of Cu from the colloidal to the dissolved phase. We conclude that drying-induced colloid mobilization is not caused by a change in the physicochemical properties of the colloids. Therefore, it is likely that the mobilization of colloids in the field is caused by increasing shear forces or the disintegration of aggregates.
    Keywords: Desiccation ; Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions ; Colloids -- Chemistry ; Metals, Heavy -- Analysis ; Soil -- Analysis
    ISSN: 0047-2425
    E-ISSN: 15372537
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