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Berlin Brandenburg

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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine, 2009, Vol.148(6), pp.896-898
    Description: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) strains were isolated from human sera in vitro . NGUK-1 rat neurinoma neural cells [1] were selected as the experimental model of HCV. The cells were infected after attaining the confluence. The virus caused no cytopathic effect during its multiplication. After monolayer infection (24-96 h), culture fluid samples were tested for HCV RNA by classical PCR with electrophoretic detection of the reaction products and by quantitative real time PCR. All samples from infected culture were positive, control samples (intact cultures) were negative. Coefficient of correlations in quantitative PCR was 0.99. The results are reliable, conform to the normal values for this series of the test system, and indicate that HCV is replicated in continuous NGUK-1 cells. This in vitro model can be used for isolation of HCV.
    Keywords: hepatitis C virus ; continuous NGUK-1 cell culture ; polymerase chain reaction
    ISSN: 0007-4888
    E-ISSN: 1573-8221
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: Journal of Nanoneuroscience, 12/01/2009, Vol.1(2), pp.144-151
    Description: Previous investigations have shown that doxorubicin bound to poly(butyl cyanoacrylate) nanoparticles coated with polysorbate 80 (Tween® 80) is able to cross the blood-brain barrier upon intravenous administration and is effective against intracranially implanted 101/8 glioblastoma multiforme in rats at the treatment regimen of 3 × 1.5 mg/kg (as doxorubicin) on days 2, 5, 8 post tumour implantation. The objective of the present study was to investigate the possibility to further prolong the survival of rats with 101/8 glioblastoma by extending the treatment regimen. Doxorubicin-loaded poly(butyl cyanoacrylate) nanoparticles coated with polysorbate 80 were injected using two different therapeutic regimens. Two groups received four injections at the dose of 1.5 mg/kg (as doxorubicin) on days 2, 5, 8, and 16 post tumour implantation and two other groups received an additional injection on day 20 (5 × 1.5 mg/kg). Histological and immunohistochemical analyses were carried out 24 and 30 days after tumour inoculation to assess the effect of the different therapy regimens in comparison to an untreated control group. The results demonstrate that the extended chemotherapy provided an enhanced survival. Comparison of the treatment outcomes revealed that the five-injection regimen produced a more distinctive antitumor effect manifested as a decreased tumour area and proliferation index as well as a decreased necrotic area and a smaller vascular network. Tumour regression was achieved in approximately 40% of the treated animals. These results demonstrate the promising therapeutic potential of doxorubicin-loaded nanoparticles for systemic chemotherapy of human glioblastoma multiforme.
    Keywords: Doxorubicin ; Poly(Butyl Cyanoacrylate) Nanoparticles ; Drug Delivery ; Cancer Chemotherapy ; Glioblastoma ; Histology ; Histology;
    ISSN: 19390637
    E-ISSN: 19390653
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: Clinical neuropathology, 2009, Vol.28(3), pp.153-64
    Description: The objective of this study was to investigate the therapeutic effects of doxorubicin bound to polysorbate-coated nanoparticles that had previously been shown to significantly enhance survival in the orthotopic rat 101/8 glioblastoma model. Tumor-bearing animals were subjected to chemotherapy using doxorubicin in solution (Dox-sol) or doxorubicin bound to polysorbate 80-coated poly(butyl cyanoacrylate) nanoparticles (Dox-np) injected intravenously on Days 2, 5 and 8 post tumor implantation. The antitumor effect was assessed on Days 10, 14 and 18 post tumor implantation. Tumors showed signs of malignancy including invasion of brain tissue, brisk mitotic activity, microvascular proliferation, necrosis and increased proliferation resembling human glioblastoma. Dox-np produced a considerably more pronounced antitumor effect exhibited as a reduced tumor size, lower proliferation, and a decreased necrotic area compared to Dox-sol and to untreated control groups. A drastic effect of Dox-np on vascularization indicated an antiangiogenic mode of action.
    Keywords: Drug Delivery Systems ; Angiogenesis Inhibitors -- Administration & Dosage ; Brain Neoplasms -- Drug Therapy ; Doxorubicin -- Administration & Dosage ; Glioblastoma -- Drug Therapy
    ISSN: 0722-5091
    Source: MEDLINE/PubMed (U.S. National Library of Medicine)
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  • 4
    Language: English
    In: Clinical Neuropathology, 2009, Vol.28(05), pp.153-164
    ISSN: 0722-5091
    Source: CrossRef
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