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  • Berger, A  (4,021)
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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: Emerging infectious diseases, September 2011, Vol.17(9), pp.1767-9
    Description: To the Editor: Diphtheria and diphtheria-like illness are caused by Corynebacterium spp. that harbor the diphtheria toxin–encoding tox gene. Recently in many industrialized countries, cases of diphtheria-like infection caused by toxigenic C. ulcerans have outnumbered those caused by toxigenic C. diphtheriae (1,2). C. ulcerans infection was originally associated with consumption of raw milk and dairy products or contact with cattle, but C. ulcerans has increasingly been isolated from domestic animals such as pet dogs and cats (3–5). So far, isolation of an identical toxigenic C. ulcerans strain from an animal and its owner has been documented only for dogs (3,4) and a pig (6). We report the isolation of an identical toxigenic C. ulcerans strain from an asymptomtic pet cat and a person with pharyngeal diphtheria-like illness; therefore, it might be speculated that the woman has acquired her infection from the cat.
    Keywords: Cat Diseases -- Diagnosis ; Corynebacterium -- Isolation & Purification ; Corynebacterium Infections -- Diagnosis
    ISSN: 10806040
    E-ISSN: 1080-6059
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  • 2
    In: European Journal of Social Psychology, October 2013, Vol.43(6), pp.516-531
    Description: Measures of gender identity have almost exclusively relied on positive aspects of masculinity and femininity, although conceptually the self‐concept is not limited to positive attributes. A theoretical argument is made for considering negative attributes of gender identity, followed by five studies developing the Positive–Negative Sex‐Role Inventory (PN‐SRI) as a new measure of gender identity. Study 1 demonstrated that many of the attributes of a German version of the Bem Sex‐Role Inventory are no longer considered to differ in desirability for men and women. For the PN‐SRI, Study 2 elicited attributes characterizing men and women in today's society, for which ratings of typicality and desirability as well as self‐ratings by men and women were obtained in Study 3. Study 4 examined the reliability and factorial structure of the four subscales of positive and negative masculinity and femininity and demonstrated the construct and discriminant validity of the PN‐SRI by showing that the negative masculinity and femininity scales were unique predictors of select validation constructs. Study 5 showed that the new instrument explained variance in the validation constructs beyond earlier measures of gender identity. Even in the construction of negative aspects of gender identity, individuals prefer gender‐congruent attributes. Negative masculinity and femininity make a unique contribution to understanding gender‐related differences in psychological outcome variables. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Keywords: Sex Roles -- Measurement ; Femininity -- Measurement;
    ISSN: 0046-2772
    E-ISSN: 1099-0992
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  • 3
    In: Child Development, September 2013, Vol.84(5), pp.1616-1632
    Description: Children participating in the Ben‐Gurion Infant Development Study were assessed with a dynamic‐tracking version of the stop‐signal task at the age of 5 years. The sample consisted of 60 males. Stop‐signal reaction time () was correlated with concurrent ratings of the child's attention deficit hyperactivity disorder () symptoms. Paternal symptoms measured in the child's early infancy predicted the child's performance in the stop‐signal task: Paternal inattentiveness predicted , whereas hyperactivity predicted error proportion. Maternal symptoms were not correlated with the performance of the child in the task. A subsample of children, who were tested while electrophysiological brain activity was measured, showed that having higher symptomatology, especially hyperactivity, correlated with less activity in the brain areas that are usually recruited by children for successful inhibition.
    Keywords: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder -- Genetic Aspects ; Early Childhood Education ; Child Development ; Medical Research;
    ISSN: 0009-3920
    E-ISSN: 1467-8624
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  • 4
    Language: English
    In: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, July 2016, Vol.52(1), pp.151-153
    Description: To link to full-text access for this article, visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2016.05.006 Byline: Ann Berger Author Affiliation: National Institutes of Health, Clinical Center, Bethesda, Maryland, USA Article History: Accepted 20 May 2016 Article Note: (miscellaneous) Series Editors: Christina M. Puchalski, MD, MS, and Charles G. Sasser, MD
    Keywords: Medicine
    ISSN: 0885-3924
    E-ISSN: 1873-6513
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  • 5
    Language: English
    In: Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 2017, Vol.50(23), p.231001 (2pp)
    Keywords: Engineering ; Physics;
    ISSN: 0022-3727
    E-ISSN: 1361-6463
    Source: IOPscience (IOP Publishing)
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  • 6
    Language: English
    In: Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 2017, Vol.50(23), p.231002 (2pp)
    Keywords: Engineering ; Physics;
    ISSN: 0022-3727
    E-ISSN: 1361-6463
    Source: IOPscience (IOP Publishing)
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  • 7
    Language: English
    In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2011, Vol.100(4), pp.630-646
    Description: This study examined the links between desensitization to violent media stimuli and habitual media violence exposure as a predictor and aggressive cognitions and behavior as outcome variables. Two weeks after completing measures of habitual media violence exposure, trait aggression, trait arousability, and normative beliefs about aggression, undergraduates ( N = 303) saw a violent film clip and a sad or a funny comparison clip. Skin conductance level (SCL) was measured continuously, and ratings of anxious and pleasant arousal were obtained after each clip. Following the clips, participants completed a lexical decision task to measure accessibility of aggressive cognitions and a competitive reaction time task to measure aggressive behavior. Habitual media violence exposure correlated negatively with SCL during violent clips and positively with pleasant arousal, response times for aggressive words, and trait aggression, but it was unrelated to anxious arousal and aggressive responding during the reaction time task. In path analyses controlling for trait aggression, normative beliefs, and trait arousability, habitual media violence exposure predicted faster accessibility of aggressive cognitions, partly mediated by higher pleasant arousal. Unprovoked aggression during the reaction time task was predicted by lower anxious arousal. Neither habitual media violence usage nor anxious or pleasant arousal predicted provoked aggression during the laboratory task, and SCL was unrelated to aggressive cognitions and behavior. No relations were found between habitual media violence viewing and arousal in response to the sad and funny film clips, and arousal in response to the sad and funny clips did not predict aggressive cognitions or aggressive behavior on the laboratory task. This suggests that the observed desensitization effects are specific to violent content.
    Keywords: Media Violence ; Desensitization ; Physiological Arousal ; Aggressive Cognitions ; Aggressive Behavior
    ISSN: 0022-3514
    E-ISSN: 1939-1315
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  • 8
    Language: English
    In: Science, 23 August 2002, Vol.297(5585), pp.1287-1288
    Description: Findings from recent analyses indicated that the current extended interglacial period may continue for up to another 50,000 years. Original predictions that the current interglacial, known as the Holocene, would soon come to an end are critiqued. These initial predictions were formulated in the 1970s. Information developed since that time has been incorporated into the newer predictions. Evidence that historical interglacial periods may have lasted longer than was once thought is considered. The different types of techniques that have been used to study these issues are discussed. The role of changes in insolation in larger climate trends is investigated.
    Keywords: Physical sciences -- Astronomy -- Astrophysics -- Eemian age ; Physical sciences -- Earth sciences -- Geology -- Eemian age ; Physical sciences -- Earth sciences -- Geology -- Eemian age ; Physical sciences -- Earth sciences -- Geology -- Eemian age ; Physical sciences -- Earth sciences -- Geology -- Eemian age ; Mathematics -- Pure mathematics -- Geometry -- Eemian age ; Environmental studies -- Environmental sciences -- Climate change -- Eemian age ; Environmental studies -- Atmospheric sciences -- Climatology -- Eemian age ; Physical sciences -- Earth sciences -- Geology -- Eemian age ; Applied sciences -- Research methods -- Modeling -- Eemian age
    ISSN: 00368075
    E-ISSN: 10959203
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  • 9
    Language: English
    In: Child Abuse & Neglect, January 2017, Vol.63, pp.261-272
    Description: This study aimed to examine the pathways from child sexual abuse to sexual assault victimization and perpetration in adolescence and early adulthood, considering risky sexual behavior and lowered sexual self-esteem as mediator variables. In a two-wave longitudinal study with 2251 college students in Germany, male and female participants provided reports of sexual aggression victimization and perpetration since age 14 (T1) and again a year later (T2), covering the last 12 months. In addition, child sexual abuse (CSA; before the age of 14), risky sexual behavior, and sexual self-esteem were assessed at T1, and risky sexual behavior and sexual-self-esteem were assessed again at T2. Experience of CSA was significantly associated with greater likelihood of sexual aggression victimization and perpetration, lower sexual self-esteem, and more risky sexual behavior in both gender groups at T1 and was directly related to victimization at T2 among male participants. In both gender groups, CSA indirectly contributed to a higher probability of sexual victimization at T2 via its impact on victimization T1. In males, the indirect path from CSA to T2 perpetration via T1 perpetration was also significant. Through its negative impact on sexual self-esteem, CSA indirectly increased the probability of sexual victimization among women and the probability of sexual aggression perpetration among men. Risky sexual behavior mediated the pathway from CSA to sexual victimization at T2 for men and women and the pathway from CSA to sexual aggression perpetration for women. The findings contribute to the understanding of gendered effects of CSA on revictimization and the victim-to-perpetrator cycle.
    Keywords: Child Sexual Abuse (Csa) ; Revictimization ; Sexual Aggression Perpetration ; Sexual Self-Esteem ; Risky Sexual Behavior ; College Students ; Social Welfare & Social Work
    ISSN: 0145-2134
    E-ISSN: 1873-7757
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  • 10
    In: Risk Analysis, September 2011, Vol.31(9), pp.1423-1433
    Description: Economic activity can damage natural systems and reduce the flow of ecosystem services. The harms can be substantial, as our case studies vividly illustrate. Most degraded landscapes have at least some potential to be reclaimed. However, uncertainty plagues decision making regarding degradation and reclamation, in relation to the extent of the damage, the success of reclamation, and how exposure will change in the future. We examine how a range of observed decision biases can lead to far‐from‐optimal policies regarding how much degradation to allow and when, as well as how and how much, to reclaim degraded sites. Despite our focus on degraded landscapes, we believe these are generic biases present in a wide range of risk situations. Our three case studies show these biases at work. The first two studies are of mining operations in the United States and Canada, and the third is of climate change.
    Keywords: Biases ; Climate Change ; Decision Making ; Mining ; Neglects ; Reclamation
    ISSN: 0272-4332
    E-ISSN: 1539-6924
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