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  • Dong, Qf  (50)
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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: Journal of Bacteriology, pp. 6618-6619
    Description: Article discussing the draft genome sequence of the cyanide-utilizing bacterium 'Pseudomonas fluorescens' strain NCIMB 11764.
    Keywords: Pseudomanas Fluorescens ; Genetics ; Cyanide
    ISSN: 00219193
    E-ISSN: 10985530
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: Plant physiology, May 2012, Vol.159(1), pp.299-310
    Description: Symbiotic nitrogen fixation occurs in nodules, specialized organs on the roots of legumes. Within nodules, host plant cells are infected with rhizobia that are encapsulated by a plant-derived membrane forming a novel organelle, the symbiosome. In Medicago truncatula, the symbiosome consists of the symbiosome membrane, a single rhizobium, and the soluble space between them, called the symbiosome space. The symbiosome space is enriched with plant-derived proteins, including the M. truncatula EARLY NODULIN8 (MtENOD8) protein. Here, we present evidence from green fluorescent protein (GFP) fusion experiments that the MtENOD8 protein contains at least three symbiosome targeting domains, including its N-terminal signal peptide (SP). When ectopically expressed in nonnodulated root tissue, the MtENOD8 SP delivers GFP to the vacuole. During the course of nodulation, there is a nodule-specific redirection of MtENOD8-SP-GFP from the vacuole to punctate intermediates and subsequently to symbiosomes, with redirection of MtENOD8-SP-GFP from the vacuole to punctate intermediates preceding intracellular rhizobial infection. Experiments with M. truncatula mutants having defects in rhizobial infection and symbiosome development demonstrated that the MtNIP/LATD gene is required for redirection of the MtENOD8-SP-GFP from the vacuoles to punctate intermediates in nodules. Our evidence shows that MtENOD8 has evolved redundant targeting sequences for symbiosome targeting and that intracellular localization of ectopically expressed MtENOD8-SP-GFP is useful as a marker for monitoring the extent of development in mutant nodules.
    Keywords: Protein Sorting Signals ; Medicago Truncatula -- Chemistry ; Plant Proteins -- Chemistry ; Vacuoles -- Chemistry
    ISSN: 00320889
    E-ISSN: 1532-2548
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: PLoS One, San Francisco: Public Library of Science
    Description: Article discussing the microbial communities in male first catch urine and how these are highly similar to those paired in urethral swab specimens.
    Keywords: Microbials ; Bacteria ; Urine
    ISSN: 19326203
    E-ISSN: 19326203
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  • 4
    Language: English
    In: PLoS One, San Francisco: Public Library of Science
    Description: Article discussing the bacterial composition of subgingival plaque among diabetic and non-diabetic subjects to determine the effect that diabetes mellitus has on dental health.
    Keywords: Periodontiitis ; Bacteria ; Diabetes ; Pyrosequencing
    ISSN: 19326203
    E-ISSN: 19326203
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  • 5
    Language: English
    In: Oecologia, August 2017, Vol.184(4), pp.859-871
    Description: Elucidating the factors determining reproductive success has challenged scientists since Darwin, but the exact pathways that shape the evolution of life history traits by connecting extrinsic (e.g., landscape structure) and intrinsic (e.g., female's age and endosymbionts) factors and reproductive success have rarely been studied. Here we collected female fleas from wild rodents in plots differing in their densities and proportions of the most dominant rodent species. We then combined path analysis and model selection approaches to explore the network of effects, ranging from micro to macroscales, determining the reproductive success of these fleas. Our results suggest that female reproductive success is directly and positively associated with their infection by Mycoplasma bacteria and their own body mass, and with the rodent species size and total density. In addition, we found evidence for indirect effects of rodent sex and rodent community diversity on female reproductive success. These results highlight the importance of exploring interrelated factors across organization scales while studying the reproductive success of wild organisms, and they have implications for the control of vector-borne diseases.
    Keywords: Fitness ; Life History ; Model Selection ; Parasites ; Path Analysis ; Scales ; Arthropod Vectors ; Flea Infestations ; Reproduction
    ISSN: 00298549
    E-ISSN: 1432-1939
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  • 6
    Language: English
    In: PLoS One, San Francisco: Public Library of Science
    Description: Article discussing a study that was conducted to understand the basis of a bacterial infection that is common among dairy cows.
    Keywords: Dairy ; Cows ; Pyrosequencing ; Amplicons ; Bacteria ; Microbiology
    ISSN: 19326203
    E-ISSN: 19326203
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  • 7
    Language: English
    In: PLoS ONE, 01 January 2014, Vol.9(10), p.e109677
    Description: Relationships between host and microbial diversity have important ecological and applied implications. Theory predicts that these relationships will depend on the spatio-temporal scale of the analysis and the niche breadth of the organisms in question, but representative data on host-microbial community assemblage in nature is lacking. We employed a natural gradient of rodent species richness and quantified bacterial communities in rodent blood at several hierarchical spatial scales to test the hypothesis that associations between host and microbial species diversity will be positive in communities dominated by organisms with broad niches sampled at large scales. Following pyrosequencing of rodent blood samples, bacterial communities were found to be comprised primarily of broad niche lineages. These communities exhibited positive correlations between host diversity, microbial diversity and the likelihood for rare pathogens at the regional scale but not at finer scales. These findings demonstrate how microbial diversity is affected by host diversity at different spatial scales and suggest that the relationships between host diversity and overall disease risk are not always negative, as the dilution hypothesis predicts.
    Keywords: Sciences (General)
    E-ISSN: 1932-6203
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  • 8
    Language: English
    In: PLoS ONE, 2012, Vol.7(5), p.e36298
    Description: Lactobacillus- dominated vaginal microbiotas are associated with reproductive health and STI resistance in women, whereas altered microbiotas are associated with bacterial vaginosis (BV), STI risk and poor reproductive outcomes. Putative vaginal taxa have been observed in male first-catch urine, urethral swab and coronal sulcus (CS) specimens but the significance of these observations is unclear. We used 16 S rRNA sequencing to characterize the microbiota of the CS and urine collected from 18 adolescent men over three consecutive months. CS microbiotas of most participants were more stable than their urine microbiotas and the composition of CS microbiotas were strongly influenced by circumcision. BV-associated taxa, including Atopobium , Megasphaera , Mobiluncus , Prevotella and Gemella , were detected in CS specimens from sexually experienced and inexperienced participants. In contrast, urine primarily contained taxa that were not abundant in CS specimens. Lactobacilllus and Streptococcus were major urine taxa but their abundance was inversely correlated. In contrast, Sneathia , Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma were only found in urine from sexually active participants. Thus, the CS and urine support stable and distinct bacterial communities. Finally, our results suggest that the penis and the urethra can be colonized by a variety of BV-associated taxa and that some of these colonizations result from partnered sexual activity.
    Keywords: Research Article ; Biology ; Medicine ; Public Health And Epidemiology ; Infectious Diseases ; Microbiology ; Urology
    E-ISSN: 1932-6203
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  • 9
    Language: English
    In: Science (New York, N.Y.), 16 May 2014, Vol.344(6185), pp.711-6
    Description: Cellular membranes act as signaling platforms and control solute transport. Membrane receptors, transporters, and enzymes communicate with intracellular processes through protein-protein interactions. Using a split-ubiquitin yeast two-hybrid screen that covers a test-space of 6.4 × 10(6) pairs, we identified 12,102 membrane/signaling protein interactions from Arabidopsis. Besides confirmation of expected interactions such as heterotrimeric G protein subunit interactions and aquaporin oligomerization, 〉99% of the interactions were previously unknown. Interactions were confirmed at a rate of 32% in orthogonal in planta split-green flourescent protein interaction assays, which was statistically indistinguishable from the confirmation rate for known interactions collected from literature (38%). Regulatory associations in membrane protein trafficking, turnover, and phosphorylation include regulation of potassium channel activity through abscisic acid signaling, transporter activity by a WNK kinase, and a brassinolide receptor kinase by trafficking-related proteins. These examples underscore the utility of the membrane/signaling protein interaction network for gene discovery and hypothesis generation in plants and other organisms.
    Keywords: Protein Interaction Maps ; Arabidopsis -- Metabolism ; Arabidopsis Proteins -- Metabolism ; Cell Membrane -- Metabolism ; Membrane Proteins -- Metabolism
    ISSN: 00368075
    E-ISSN: 1095-9203
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  • 10
    Language: English
    In: The Journal of biological chemistry, 20 April 2018, Vol.293(16), pp.6064-6074
    Description: Adiponectin is an adipocyte-derived hormone with antidiabetic activities that include increasing the sensitivity of cells to insulin. Adaptor protein containing pleckstrin homology domain, phosphotyrosine-binding domain, and leucine zipper motif (APPL1) stimulates adiponectin signaling and promotes adiponectin's insulin-sensitizing effects by binding to two adiponectin receptors, AdipoR1 and AdipoR2, and the insulin receptor. In this study, we report an alternative splicing variant of APPL1 (APPL1sv) that is highly expressed in mouse liver, pancreas, and spleen tissues. The expression levels of APPL1sv in liver tissues were enhanced in a mouse model of obesity and diabetic dyslipidemia ( db/db mice) and reduced in calorie-restricted mice compared with -fed mice. APPL1sv overexpression or suppression inhibited or enhanced, respectively, adiponectin-stimulated phosphorylation of AMP protein kinase (AMPK) in mouse hepatocytes. We also found that APPL1sv binds to AdipoR1 and AdipoR2 under basal conditions and that adiponectin treatment reduces this binding. Overexpression of APPL1sv blocked adiponectin-induced interactions of APPL1 with the adiponectin receptors. Moreover, adenovirus-mediated and short hairpin RNA-based suppression of APPL1sv greatly reduced high fat diet-induced insulin resistance and hepatic glucose production in mice. Our study identifies a key suppressor of hepatic adiponectin signaling and insulin sensitivity, a finding that may shed light on identifying effective therapeutic targets for treating insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes.
    Keywords: Amp-Activated Kinase (Ampk) ; Appl1 ; Appl1sv ; Adiponectin ; Alternative Splicing ; Diabetes ; Insulin Resistance ; Liver ; Metabolic Disorder ; Metabolism ; Alternative Splicing ; Insulin Resistance ; Signal Transduction ; Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing -- Genetics ; Adiponectin -- Metabolism ; Liver -- Metabolism ; Obesity -- Genetics
    E-ISSN: 1083-351X
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