Kooperativer Bibliotheksverbund

Berlin Brandenburg


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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, 7 December 2012, Vol.71(12), p.2035
    Description: To investigate convergence of endoplasmic reticulum stress pathways and enhanced reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, due to intracellular retention of mutant tumour necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNFR1), as a disease mechanism in TNFR-associated periodic syndrome (TRAPS).
    Keywords: United Kingdom–UK ; Kinases ; Mutation ; Apoptosis ; Tumor Necrosis Factor-Tnf;
    ISSN: 0003-4967
    ISSN: 00034967
    E-ISSN: 1468-2060
    E-ISSN: 14682060
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: Clinical and experimental rheumatology, 2012, Vol.30(4), pp.534-42
    Description: Accurately measuring cytokines in clinical material remains an important challenge in the development of biomarkers. Enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent assays (ELISAs) are considered 'gold standard'; however, their use is limited by the relatively large sample volume required for multiple analyte testing. Several alternatives (including membrane or bead-ELISA) have been developed particularly to enable multiplexing. Concerns were raised regarding their use in rheumatology due to interference by heterophilic antibodies, notably rheumatoid factor (RF). In this report, we compared several multiplex assays using serum from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with respect to the presence of residual RF following attempted removal employing commonly used procedures. Healthy control and RF-positive/negative RA sera were used to compare 4 multiplex assays with ELISA: bead-based 'Luminex' immunoassay, cytometric bead assays (CBAs), membrane-based and Mosaic™ ELISAs. Sera were tested following Ig blockade (mixed species serum) or removal (using PEG6000 or sepharose-L). Ig removal was only partially efficient and residual RF was detected in most sera. RF had no impact on cytokine measurement by ELISA. In single and multiplex Luminex, cytokine levels associated with false positive results correlated directly with RF titres. Following Ig-blockade/removal, these relationship remained suggesting false positivity was still associated with the presence of residual RF. Conversely, detection of cytokines in multiplex membrane-based or Mosaic- ELISA were not affected by the presence of RF; however, levels of cytokines readily detected by ELISA were often below the detection threshold of these assays. CBA assays were also low on sensitivity but unaffected by RF. False positivity, due to the presence of heterophilic antibodies, mainly affected Luminex assays. Other assays however remained limited in their sensitivity. Multiplexing of cytokine measurement remains a challenge, particularly in rheumatological pathologies, until assays of adequate sensitivity are developed. ELISA remains the gold standard.
    Keywords: Arthritis, Rheumatoid -- Diagnosis ; Cytokines -- Blood ; Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay -- Methods ; Rheumatoid Factor -- Blood
    ISSN: 0392-856X
    E-ISSN: 1593098X
    Source: MEDLINE/PubMed (U.S. National Library of Medicine)
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: Journal of Autoimmunity, May 2014, Vol.50, pp.59-66
    Description: X-box binding protein 1 (XBP1) is a central regulator of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response. It is induced via activation of the IRE1 stress sensor as part of the unfolded protein response (UPR) and has been implicated in several diseases processes. XBP1 can also be activated in direct response to Toll-like receptor (TLR) ligation independently of the UPR but the pathogenic significance of this mode of XBP1 activation is not well understood. Here we show that TLR-dependent XBP1 activation is operative in the synovial fibroblasts (SF) of patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We investigated the expression of ER stress response genes in patients with active RA and also in patients in remission. The active (spliced) form of (s)XBP1 was significantly overexpressed in the active RA group compared to healthy controls and patients in remission. Paradoxically, expression of nine other ER stress response genes was reduced in active RA compared to patients in remission, suggestive of a UPR-independent process. However, sXBP1 was induced in SF by TLR4 and TLR2 stimulation, resulting in sXBP1-dependent interleukin-6 and tumour necrosis factor (TNF) production. We also show that TNF itself induces sXBP1 in SF, thus generating a potential feedback loop for sustained SF activation. These data confirm the first link between TLR-dependent XBP1 activation and human inflammatory disease. sXBP1 appears to play a central role in this process by providing a convergence point for two different stimuli to maintain activation of SF.
    Keywords: Rheumatoid Arthritis (Ra) ; Unfolded Protein Response (Upr) ; Sxbp1 ; Toll-Like Receptor (Tlr) ; Medicine ; Biology
    ISSN: 0896-8411
    E-ISSN: 1095-9157
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