Wood Science and Technology, 2018, Vol.52(1), pp.281-294
Generally, wood chipping represents an important procedure in the wood processing and forestry industry. To improve structural components like chipping tools, knowledge of the properties of local timber including resistance against chipping as well as the dynamically acting process forces is of utmost significance. The aim of this work is to experimentally evaluate service-induced stresses on machinery parts to create a numerical material model, which is capable of revealing similar resistance against cutting as natural wood. To this end, a small-scale cutting machine has been designed, incorporating a bladeholder with strain gauges applied, measuring the resulting mechanical stresses during the chipping process by focussing on different wood species. Spruce is utilized as a variety with a lower density and European beech for higher density timber applications. The test results demonstrate a distinct difference by cutting both materials, whereby European beech indicates more than twice the resistance against chipping compared to spruce. Setting two different, relatively acute rake angles on the cutting tool does not reveal a fundamental difference for chipping. To evaluate the numerical wood material model, an isotropic ductile damage model, usually applied to ductile metals, was implemented in this study. Based on a sensitivity study of the material properties in the course of the numerical simulation, a possible approach is presented that explains how to change the cutting resistance, depending on the blade movement direction and the angle of the main grain of the timber. In a comparison of different types of mechanical stress from the numerical analysis and experimental tests, the results exhibit strong correlation. Element damage and deletion correspond at similar load levels, exhibiting a deviation of no more than 24%.
Forestry – Analysis ; Forestry – Models ; Mechanical Engineering – Analysis ; Mechanical Engineering – Models ; Numerical Analysis – Analysis ; Numerical Analysis – Models ; Machinery – Analysis ; Machinery – Models ; Tool Industry – Analysis ; Tool Industry – Models ; Timber – Analysis ; Timber – Models;
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