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  • Holmqvist, Erik  (9)
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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 27 June 2017, Vol.114(26), pp.6824-6829
    Description: The functions of many bacterial RNA-binding proteins remain obscure because of a lack of knowledge of their cellular ligands. Although well-studied cold-shock protein A (CspA) family members are induced and function at low temperature, others are highly expressed in infection-relevant conditions. Here, we have profiled transcripts bound in vivo by the CspA family members of serovar Typhimurium to link the constitutively expressed CspC and CspE proteins with virulence pathways. Phenotypic assays in vitro demonstrated a crucial role for these proteins in membrane stress, motility, and biofilm formation. Moreover, double deletion of and fully attenuates in systemic mouse infection. In other words, the RNA ligand-centric approach taken here overcomes a problematic molecular redundancy of CspC and CspE that likely explains why these proteins have evaded selection in previous virulence factor screens in animals. Our results highlight RNA-binding proteins as regulators of pathogenicity and potential targets of antimicrobial therapy. They also suggest that globally acting RNA-binding proteins are more common in bacteria than currently appreciated.
    Keywords: RNA-Binding Protein ; Salmonella ; Bacterial Pathogenesis ; Cold-Shock Protein ; Stress Response ; Bacterial Proteins ; Cold Shock Proteins and Peptides ; Heat-Shock Proteins ; RNA-Binding Proteins ; Salmonella Infections ; Salmonella Typhimurium ; Virulence Factors
    ISSN: 00278424
    E-ISSN: 1091-6490
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 11 October 2016, Vol.113(41), pp.11591-11596
    Description: The functional annotation of transcriptomes and identification of noncoding RNA (ncRNA) classes has been greatly facilitated by the advent of next-generation RNA sequencing which, by reading the nucleotide order of transcripts, theoretically allows the rapid profiling of all transcripts in a cell. However, primary sequence per se is a poor predictor of function, as ncRNAs dramatically vary in length and structure and often lack identifiable motifs. Therefore, to visualize an informative RNA landscape of organisms with potentially new RNA biology that are emerging from microbiome and environmental studies requires the use of more functionally relevant criteria. One such criterion is the association of RNAs with functionally important cognate RNA-binding proteins. Here we analyze the full ensemble of cellular RNAs using gradient profiling by sequencing (Grad-seq) in the bacterial pathogen Salmonella enterica, partitioning its coding and noncoding transcripts based on their network of RNA-protein interactions. In addition to capturing established RNA classes based on their biochemical profiles, the Grad-seq approach enabled the discovery of an overlooked large collective of structured small RNAs that form stable complexes with the conserved protein ProQ. We show that ProQ is an abundant RNA-binding protein with a wide range of ligands and a global influence on Salmonella gene expression. Given its generic ability to chart a functional RNA landscape irrespective of transcript length and sequence diversity, Grad-seq promises to define functional RNA classes and major RNA-binding proteins in both model species and genetically intractable organisms.
    Keywords: Hfq ; Proq ; RNA–Protein Interaction ; Noncoding RNA ; Small RNA ; Bacterial Proteins -- Metabolism ; High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing -- Methods ; RNA, Bacterial -- Metabolism ; RNA-Binding Proteins -- Metabolism ; Salmonella Enterica -- Metabolism
    ISSN: 00278424
    E-ISSN: 1091-6490
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: Genes & development, 15 May 2013, Vol.27(10), pp.1073-8
    Description: The abundant RNA-binding proteins CsrA and Hfq each impact bacterial physiology by working in conjunction with small RNAs to control large post-transcriptional regulons. The small RNAs involved were considered mechanistically distinct, regulating mRNAs either directly through Hfq-mediated base-pairing or indirectly by sequestering the global translational repressor CsrA. In this issue of Genes & Development, Jørgensen and colleagues (pp. 1132-1145) blur these distinctions with a dual-mechanism small RNA that acts through both Hfq and CsrA to regulate the formation of bacterial biofilms.
    Keywords: Csra ; Csrb ; Hfq ; Pga ; C-Di-Gmp ; Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial ; Biofilms -- Growth & Development ; Escherichia Coli -- Genetics ; RNA, Bacterial -- Genetics
    ISSN: 08909369
    E-ISSN: 1549-5477
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  • 4
    Language: English
    In: Nature Reviews Microbiology, 2018, Vol.16(10), pp.601-615
    Description: RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) are central to most if not all cellular processes, dictating the fate of virtually all RNA molecules in the cell. Starting with pioneering work on ribosomal proteins, studies of bacterial RBPs have paved the way for molecular studies of RNA-protein interactions. Work over the years has identified major RBPs that act on cellular transcripts at the various stages of bacterial gene expression and that enable their integration into post-transcriptional networks that also comprise small non-coding RNAs. Bacterial RBP research has now entered a new era in which RNA sequencing-based methods permit mapping of RBP activity in a truly global manner in vivo. Moreover, the soaring interest in understudied members of host-associated microbiota and environmental communities is likely to unveil new RBPs and to greatly expand our knowledge of RNA-protein interactions in bacteria.
    Keywords: Medical And Health Sciences ; Basic Medicine ; Microbiology In The Medical Area ; Medicin Och Hälsovetenskap ; Medicinska Och Farmaceutiska Grundvetenskaper ; Mikrobiologi Inom Det Medicinska Området
    ISSN: 1740-1526
    E-ISSN: 17401534
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  • 5
    Language: English
    In: EMBO journal: European Molecular Biology Organization, 2016, Issue 9, pp.991-1011
    Description: The molecular roles of many RNA‐binding proteins in bacterial post‐transcriptional gene regulation are not well understood. Approaches combining in vivo UV crosslinking with RNA deep sequencing (CLIP‐seq) have begun to revolutionize the transcriptome‐wide mapping of eukaryotic RNA‐binding protein target sites. We have applied CLIP‐seq to chart the target landscape of two major bacterial post‐transcriptional regulators, Hfq and CsrA, in the model pathogen Salmonella Typhimurium. By detecting binding sites at single‐nucleotide resolution, we identify RNA preferences and structural constraints of Hfq and CsrA during their interactions with hundreds of cellular transcripts. This reveals 3′‐located Rho‐independent terminators as a universal motif involved in Hfq–RNA interactions. Additionally, Hfq preferentially binds 5′ to sRNA‐target sites in mRNAs, and 3′ to seed sequences in sRNAs, reflecting a simple logic in how Hfq facilitates sRNA–mRNA interactions. Importantly, global knowledge of Hfq sites significantly improves sRNA‐target predictions. CsrA binds AUGGA sequences in apical loops and targets many Salmonella virulence mRNAs. Overall, our generic CLIP‐seq approach will bring new insights into post‐transcriptional gene regulation by RNA‐binding proteins in diverse bacterial species.
    Keywords: Clip ; Csra ; Hfq ; Non‐Coding Rna ; Peak Calling ; Post‐Transcriptional Control ; Small Rna ; Terminator ; Translation
    ISSN: 0261-4189
    Source: Fundación Dialnet
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  • 6
    In: EMBO Journal, 02 May 2016, Vol.35(9), pp.991-1011
    Description: The molecular roles of many ‐binding proteins in bacterial post‐transcriptional gene regulation are not well understood. Approaches combining crosslinking with deep sequencing (‐seq) have begun to revolutionize the transcriptome‐wide mapping of eukaryotic ‐binding protein target sites. We have applied ‐seq to chart the target landscape of two major bacterial post‐transcriptional regulators, Hfq and CsrA, in the model pathogen Typhimurium. By detecting binding sites at single‐nucleotide resolution, we identify preferences and structural constraints of Hfq and CsrA during their interactions with hundreds of cellular transcripts. This reveals 3′‐located Rho‐independent terminators as a universal motif involved in Hfq– interactions. Additionally, Hfq preferentially binds 5′ to ‐target sites in s, and 3′ to seed sequences in s, reflecting a simple logic in how Hfq facilitates – interactions. Importantly, global knowledge of Hfq sites significantly improves ‐target predictions. CsrA binds sequences in apical loops and targets many virulence s. Overall, our generic ‐seq approach will bring new insights into post‐transcriptional gene regulation by ‐binding proteins in diverse bacterial species. A new pipeline for ‐seq in maps global –protein interactions and offers a tool for improved understanding of post‐transcriptional control in bacteria. Transcriptome‐wide mapping of Hfq and CsrA target sites by CLIP‐seq. Rho‐independent terminators comprise a general Hfq‐binding motif. Hfq binds 5′ to sRNA‐binding sites in mRNA targets and 3′ to seed sequences in cognate the sRNAs. CsrA preferentially recognizes AUGGA sequences present in loops of hairpin structures. CsrA binds and regulates many mRNAs encoding virulence factors. A new pipeline for CLIP‐seq in maps global RNA–protein interactions and offers a tool for improved understanding of post‐transcriptional control in bacteria.
    Keywords: Clip ; Csra ; Hfq ; Non‐Coding Rna ; Peak Calling ; Post‐Transcriptional Control ; Small Rna ; Terminator ; Translation
    ISSN: 0261-4189
    E-ISSN: 1460-2075
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  • 7
    Language: English
    In: Molecular Cell, 07 June 2018, Vol.70(5), pp.971-982.e6
    Description: The conserved RNA-binding protein ProQ has emerged as the centerpiece of a previously unknown third large network of post-transcriptional control in enterobacteria. Here, we have used UV crosslinking and RNA sequencing (CLIP-seq) to map hundreds of ProQ binding sites in and . Our analysis of these binding sites, many of which are conserved, suggests that ProQ recognizes its cellular targets through RNA structural motifs found in small RNAs (sRNAs) and at the 3′ end of mRNAs. Using the mRNA as a model for 3′ end targeting, we reveal a function for ProQ in protecting mRNA against exoribonucleolytic activity. Taken together, our results underpin the notion that ProQ governs a post-transcriptional network distinct from those of the well-characterized sRNA-binding proteins, CsrA and Hfq, and suggest a previously unrecognized, sRNA-independent role of ProQ in stabilizing mRNAs. Using CLIP-seq, Holmqvist et al. map transcriptome-wide interactions of the emerging global RNA-binding protein ProQ in and . Their data suggest ProQ to target sRNAs and mRNA 3′ UTRs primarily through a structural code and to stabilize some mRNAs by counteracting 3′ exoribonuclease activity.
    Keywords: Proq ; Clip-Seq ; RNA-Binding Protein ; 3′ Utr ; Post-Transcriptional Control ; Exoribonuclease ; Biology
    ISSN: 1097-2765
    E-ISSN: 1097-4164
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  • 8
    Language: English
    In: RNA: A publication of the RNA Society, 2017, Vol. 23(5), pp. 696-711
    Description: The protein ProQ has recently been identified as a global small noncoding RNA-binding protein in Salmonella, and a similar role is anticipated for its numerous homologs in divergent bacterial species. We report the solution structure of Escherichia call ProQ, revealing an N-terminal FinO-like domain, a C-terminal domain that unexpectedly has a Tudor domain fold commonly found in eukaryotes, and an elongated bridging intradomain linker that is flexible but nonetheless incompressible. Structure-based sequence analysis suggests that the Tudor domain was acquired through horizontal gene transfer and gene fusion to the ancestral FinO-like domain. Through a combination of biochemical and biophysical approaches, we have mapped putative RNA-binding surfaces on all three domains of ProQ and modeled the protein's conformation in the apo and RNA-bound forms. Taken together, these data suggest how the FinO, Tudor, and linker domains of ProQ cooperate to recognize complex RNA structures and serve to promote RNA-mediated regulation.
    Keywords: Protein-Rna Interactions ; Regulatory Rna ; Riboregulation ; Fino ; Proq ; Rna Chaperone ; Medical And Health Sciences ; Basic Medicine ; Medicin Och Hälsovetenskap ; Medicinska Och Farmaceutiska Grundvetenskaper
    ISSN: 1355-8382
    E-ISSN: 14699001
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  • 9
    Language: English
    In: Genes & Development, 2005, Vol.19(19), pp.2355-2366
    Description: This paper shows that the small RNA MicA (previously SraD) is an antisense regulator of ompA in Escherichia coli. MicA accumulates upon entry into stationary phase and down-regulates the level of ompA mRNA. Regulation of ompA (outer membrane protein A), previously attributed to Hfq/mRNA binding, is lost upon deletion of the micA gene, whereas overexpression of MicA inhibits the synthesis of OmpA. In vitro, MicA binds to the ompA mRNA leader. Enzymatic and chemical probing was used to map the structures of MicA, the ompA mRNA leader, and the complex formed upon binding. MicA binding generates a footprint across the ompA Shine-Dalgarno sequence, consistent with a 12 + 4 base-pair interaction, which is additionally supported by the effect of mutations in vivo and by bioinformatics analysis of enterobacterial micA/ompA homolog sequences. MicA is conserved in many enterobacteria, as is its ompA target site. In vitro toeprinting confirmed that binding of MicA specifically interferes with ribosome binding. We propose that MicA, when present at high levels, blocks ribosome binding at the ompA translation start site, which—in line with previous work—secondarily facilitates RNase E cleavage and subsequent mRNA decay. MicA requires the presence of the Hfq protein, although the mechanistic basis for this remains unclear.
    Keywords: Medical And Health Sciences ; Medicin Och Hälsovetenskap ; Antisense Rna ; Hfq ; Ompa ; Regulatory Rna ; Translational Control
    ISSN: 0890-9369
    E-ISSN: 15495477
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