Tetrahedron, 05 July 2018, Vol.74(27), pp.3512-3526
Optically active cyclopropane derivatives were prepared by a novel, simple and green approach in high enantioselectivities using monosaccharide-based chiral crown ethers as phase transfer catalysts. The crown ethers having -glucopyranoside, -mannopyranoside and -altropyranoside units proved to be efficient catalyst in a few asymmetric phase transfer cyclopropanation reactions. The Michael-initiated ring closure (MIRC) reactions of diethyl bromomalonate with chalcones took place with complete diastereoselectivity and up to 99% ee. Using benzylidenemalononitrile, 2-arylidenemalononitriles, 2-benzylidene-1,3-indandione, substituted 2-benzylidene-1,3-indandiones, 2-arylidene-1,3-indandiones and 2-benzylidene-1,3-diphenyl-1,3-propanediones enantioselectivities up to 92%, 99%, 54% 93%, 89% and 72%, respectively, were achieved, in the presence of chiral lariat ethers derived from different monosaccharides. The absolute configuration of a cyclopropane diester product was determined by a combined CD spectroscopic and theoretical study.
Asymmetric Cyclopropanation ; Enantioselectivity ; Chiral Crown Ethers ; Phase Transfer Catalysis ; Chemistry
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