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  • Rabenau, H
  • ScienceDirect Journals (Elsevier)  (9)
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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: Antiviral Research, 1995, Vol.27(4), pp.405-418
    Description: Antiviral activity of L-ascorbic acid-2-phosphate (ASC-2P), a long-acting derivative of L-ascorbic acid, against several human cytomegalovirus (CMV) strains was examined in cultures of human foreskin fibroblasts (HFF) and endothelial cells (EC). ASC-2P at concentrations ranging from 0.2 to 2 mM had no effect on the number of cells expressing 72 kDa CMV immediate early antigen (IEA) while it inhibited expression of 68 kDa late antigen (LA) in infected cultures of both cell types (30% and 55% reduction for EC and HFF, respectively). In HFF cells, virus yield was reduced up to 4-fold, when ASC-2P was added after CMV infection. Antiviral effects were significantly increased in cultures pretreated with ASC-2P. In HFF and EC pretreated for three subcultures (18 days) with 0.2 mM ASC-2P, a significant reduction of cells expressing IEA (75% and 80% reduction in EC and HFF, respectively) and LA (92% and 90% reduction for EC and HFF, respectively) was observed. Pretreatment for three subcultures with ASC-2P inhibited virus yield 50- to 100- fold in EC and 100- to 1000-fold in HFF. The continuous presence of ASC-2P was not required for its antiviral activity. A significantly higher reduction of virus replication with ganciclovir and foscarnet was obtained in ASC-2P pretreated cells than in untreated controls. The results showed that ASC-2P provides L-ascorbic acid with long-lasting antiviral activity against CMV. ASC-2P may be of benefit for the adjunctive treatment of CMV infection.
    Keywords: Human Cytomegalovirus ; L-Ascorbic Acid 2-Phosphate ; Ganciclovir ; Foscarnet ; Medicine ; Biology
    ISSN: 0166-3542
    E-ISSN: 1872-9096
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: Biologicals, 1991, Vol.19(2), pp.87-92
    Description: Mouse NCTC clone 919 L (L-929) cells were propagated continuously for 3 years as monolayers in a protein-free chemically-defined medium. These cells, designated L-929-WS, were used for quality control testing of the surfaces of commercially available cell culture plastic flasks. Differences in attachment and saturation density of L-929-WS cells in a protein-free culture medium were taken to define various levels of quality of the culture vessels tested. The rate of attachment and growth of L-929-WS cells on a surface of a given quality correlated directly with that of human embryonal fibroblasts and embryonal epithelial cells grown in a serum-free medium supplemented with growth factors and hormones. L-929-WS cells propagated continuously in a protein-free medium provide a simple and sensitive assay system for more general quality control testing of surfaces used for the culture of monolayer cells.
    Keywords: Biology
    ISSN: 1045-1056
    E-ISSN: 1095-8320
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: Cell Biology International, September 1993, Vol.17(9), pp.885-895
    Description: A protein-free chemically defined medium designated PFEK-1 was developed for culture of VERO cells on polyvinyl formal (PVF) culture surface without serum or other macromolecular supplements. VERO cells proliferated in PFEK-1 medium on PVF surface to a similar extent as cells in serum-supplemented medium without previous adaptation from serum-containing conditions. The protein-free culture infected with coxsackievirus B4, herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2, measles virus and poliovirus types 1, 2 and 3 developed viral titers comparable to those found in conventionally grown cells. The results demonstrated that VERO cells in protein-free culture provide a sensitive substrate for the production of human pathogenic viruses which are not contaminated by serum or other protein factors usually added to a culture medium.
    Keywords: Biology
    ISSN: 1065-6995
    E-ISSN: 1095-8355
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  • 4
    Language: English
    In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 2004, Vol.318(3), pp.719-725
    Description: A novel coronavirus has been identified as an etiological agent of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). To rapidly identify anti-SARS drugs available for clinical use, we screened a set of compounds that included antiviral drugs already in wide use. Here we report that the HIV-1 protease inhibitor, nelfinavir, strongly inhibited replication of the SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV). Nelfinavir inhibited the cytopathic effect induced by SARS-CoV infection. Expression of viral antigens was much lower in infected cells treated with nelfinavir than in untreated infected cells. Quantitative RT-PCR analysis showed that nelfinavir could decrease the production of virions from Vero cells. Experiments with various timings of drug addition revealed that nelfinavir exerted its effect not at the entry step, but at the post-entry step of SARS-CoV infection. Our results suggest that nelfinavir should be examined clinically for the treatment of SARS and has potential as a good lead compound for designing anti-SARS drugs.
    Keywords: Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome ; Coronavirus ; HIV Protease Inhibitor ; Biology ; Chemistry ; Anatomy & Physiology
    ISSN: 0006-291X
    E-ISSN: 1090-2104
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  • 5
    Language: English
    In: Cancer Letters, 1993, Vol.70(1), pp.15-24
    Description: Sodium phenylacetate (NaPA) at concentrations ranging from 2 to 6 mM stimulated morphological differentiation of two human neuroblastoma cell lines IMR-32 and UKF-NB-3. These concentrations inhibited growth and DNA synthesis of the cells in a dose dependent manner without significant effect on cell viability. The differentiated cells showed pseudoganglia formation and extension of cellular processes. The morphological differentiation in both cell lines was accompanied by decreased expression of N- myc oncoprotein. These results suggest that NaPA at concentrations, which have been achieved in humans with no significant adverse effects, promotes differentiation of cultured human neuroblastoma cells in association with the reduced expression of the malignant phenotype.
    Keywords: Neuroblastoma ; Differentiation ; Phenylacetate ; Retinoic Acid ; N- Myc ; Medicine
    ISSN: 0304-3835
    E-ISSN: 1872-7980
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  • 6
    Language: English
    In: Biologicals, 1993, Vol.21(3), pp.207-214
    Description: The characterization of a contaminating virus which was detected in genetically-engineered Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells during the production of biologicals is described in the present paper. Under electron microscopy, the contaminating virus had a morphology resembling that of an orbivirus. The relationship was confirmed by nucleic acid analysis which showed a RNA segment pattern characteristic of orbiviruses. With an immunoperoxidase staining of monolayer cells and through sero-neutralization tests the virus was identified as being identical to Epizootic Haemorrhagic Disease Virus (EHDV), isolate 318 (untyped) from Bahrain. Potential sources of the contaminating virus and feasible procedures to avoid adventitous virus infections in cell cultures are discussed.
    Keywords: Biology
    ISSN: 1045-1056
    E-ISSN: 1095-8320
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  • 7
    Language: English
    In: Transplant Immunology, 1995, Vol.3(4), pp.313-320
    Description: Desferrioxamine (DFO), commonly used in therapy as a chelator of ferric ion in disorders of iron overload, is a potent inhibitor of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) replication in cultured fibroblast cells. Moreover, DFO has immunomodulatory activity both in vitro and in vivo. We studied DFO effects on HCMV replication in cultured human endothelial cells and on the expression of several cell surface molecules, which mediate interactions of endothelial cells with other cell types in the immune system. The concentrations of DFO required for 50% reduction in the number of endothelial cells expressing HCMV late antigen, ranged for several HCMV strains from 5.2 to 8.8 mu M. DFO concentrations ranging from 5 to 40 mu M inhibited cellular DNA synthesis in a dose-dependent manner without any significant effects on the cell viability. DFO at 10 mu M concentration suppressed expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and endothelial leucocyte adhesion molecule-1 (ELAM-1), while it had no significant effect on the expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1). Expression of HLA class I and class II was not influenced by DFO treatment. The results showed that DFO is both effective in inhibition of HCMV replication and expression of ICAM-1 and ELAM-1 in endothelial cells, a combination that warrants attention to its potential use to prevent HCMV-induced allograft rejection in transplant recipients.
    Keywords: Medicine ; Biology
    ISSN: 0966-3274
    E-ISSN: 1878-5492
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  • 8
    Language: English
    In: Cancer Letters, 1994, Vol.78(1), pp.41-48
    Description: Sodium phenylacetate (NaPA) at concentrations ranging from 2 to 10 mM promoted myogenic differentiation of the human alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma cell line KFR. These concentrations inhibited DNA synthesis of the cells in a dose-dependent manner without significant effect on cell viability. The morphological differentiation of small mononuclear elements to terminal, elongated multinuclear structures resembling myotubes was accompanied by the expression of skeletal muscle myosin. The proportion of differentiated myosin-positive cells which was around 0.8-1.7% in control cultures 12 days after seeding was increased by NaPA treatment up to 47%. In the cytoplasm of differentiated cells, features of sarcomerogenesis were observed. These results suggest that NaPA is an effective inducer of rhabdomyosarcoma cell differentiation at concentrations that have been achieved in humans with no significant adverse effects.
    Keywords: Rhabdomyosarcoma ; Phenylacetate ; Glutamine ; Myogenic Differentiation ; Sarcomerogenesis ; Medicine
    ISSN: 0304-3835
    E-ISSN: 1872-7980
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  • 9
    Language: English
    In: Zentralblatt für Bakteriologie : medical microbiology, virology, parasitology, infectious diseases, 1994, Vol.280(4), pp.540-549
    Description: A seroepidemiological survey for the asssessment of immunity against polioviruses and non-polio enteroviruses (NPEV) seroprevalence was performed using a recently established automated microneutralization assay. The seroprevalences of neutralizing antibodies against Coxsackie viruses B1–B6, and A9, echoviruses 6, 9, 11, and 30, and polioviruses 1, 2, and 3 were investigated in serum samples collected over a period of 30 months (January 1990 to June 1992). Overall, NPEV seroprevalence ranged from 8.3% (Coxsackie virus B6) to 69.8% (echovirus 30). Age-related increases of seroprevalence were only observed for Coxsackie viruses B2 and A9. Relatively low antibody titres were found, the average antibody titre being the highest for Coxsackie virus B2 (1/55.4). The overall poliovirus seropositivity rate reached 80%. The highest seroprevalence was observed in the higher age groups (≥ 50 years). A relatively high proportion (7%) of individuals did not show neutralizing antibodies against all the three poliovirus serotypes. The results of our study have shown that, using an automated microneutralization assay, it is possible to perform seroepidemiological surveys in large patient populations. Until now, no comparable study concerning the NPEV seroprevalence has been performed.
    Keywords: Biology
    ISSN: 0934-8840
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