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Berlin Brandenburg

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  • Rabenau, H
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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology, 1 September 1990, Vol.26(9), pp.841-842
    Keywords: Biological sciences -- Biology -- Cytology ; Biological sciences -- Biology -- Cytology ; Biological sciences -- Biology -- Cytology ; Applied sciences -- Laboratory techniques -- Culture techniques ; Biological sciences -- Biology -- Cytology ; Biological sciences -- Biology -- Physiology ; Biological sciences -- Biology -- Cytology ; Business -- Business economics -- Commercial production ; Applied sciences -- Technology -- Storage ; Applied sciences -- Laboratory techniques -- Culture techniques
    ISSN: 08838364
    Source: Archival Journals (JSTOR)
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: International Journal of Cancer, 01/03/1996, Vol.65(1), pp.90-96
    Description: Human neuroblastoma cell line UKF-NB-4 persistently infected with human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) strain AD169 was established to study the effects of long-term HCMV infection on virus production and phenotypic characteristics of tumour cells. The cells designated UKF-NB-4 super(AD169) were subcultured (80 subcultures) over a period of more than 2 years after initiation of infection. UKF-NB-4 super(AD169) cells continued to produce infectious virus in successive passages, with a titre ranging from 9 x 10 super(3) to 1 x 10 super(5) and from 2 x 10 super(1) to 2 x 10 super(2) plaque-forming units per 10 super(6) cells and 1 ml culture medium, respectively; 10-20% of the cells produced HCMV-specific antigens, while 6-13% produced infectious virus progeny. The number of HCMV-specific DNA copies ranged from 9 x 10 super(4) to 9 x 10 super(6) per 10 super(6) cells. Transmission electron microscopy confirmed the productive nature of HCMV infection. UKF-NB-4 super(AD169) cultures proliferated, with population doubling time ranging from 24.5 to 26.6 hr (19.5 to 20.3 hr for UKF-NB-4) and cell viability from 79% to 85% (91-96% for UKF-NB-4). Significantly lower amounts of tyrosine hydroxylase and decreased activity for dopamine- beta -hydroxylase than in uninfected cells were observed in UKF-NB-4 super(AD169) cells. However, the expression of N-myc oncoprotein was significantly increased in persistently infected cultures. Our results show that long-term productive HCMV infection of UKF-NB-4 cell line is associated with the modulation of phenotypic properties, which may be related to the biological behaviour of neuroblastoma cells.
    Keywords: Cytomegalovirus ; Cytomegalovirus ; Neuroblastoma Cells ; Man ; Tumor Cells ; Phenotyping ; Neuroblastoma Cells ; Man ; Tumor Cells ; Phenotyping ; Neurovirology ; Virus Behavior in Cell Culture ; Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase ; Dopamine Beta -Monooxygenase ; N-Myc Protein ; Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase ; Dopamine Beta -Monooxygenase ; N-Myc Protein ; N-Myc Protein ; Dopamine Beta -Monooxygenase ; Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase;
    ISSN: 00207136
    E-ISSN: 10970215
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology - Animal, 1992, Vol.28(3), pp.147-148
    Keywords: Biological sciences -- Biology -- Cytology ; Biological sciences -- Biology -- Cytology ; Biological sciences -- Biology -- Cytology ; Biological sciences -- Biology -- Cytology ; Applied sciences -- Laboratory techniques -- Culture techniques ; Physical sciences -- Chemistry -- Chemical compounds ; Physical sciences -- Chemistry -- Chemical compounds;
    ISSN: 0883-8364
    E-ISSN: 1543-706X
    E-ISSN: 2327431X
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  • 4
    Language: English
    In: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology, 1990, Vol.26(9), pp.841-842
    Keywords: Biology;
    ISSN: 0883-8364
    E-ISSN: 1475-2689
    E-ISSN: 2327431X
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  • 5
    Language: English
    In: Intervirology, 1996, Vol.39(4), pp.259-269
    Description: Although there is no definitive evidence of the association of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection with human cancers, the oncogenic potential of HCMV has been well established by in vitro studies demonstrating the ability of UV-irradiated or infectious virus to transform a variety of cells. After prolonged passaging the transformed cell type was maintained while HCMV DNA sequences were no more detectable. Three morphological transforming regions (mtr) of HCMV have been identified. The effects of HCMV on cellular functions which may be associated with the malignant phenotype include the expression of oncogenes and transcriptional activation of growth factors and interleukin synthesis. In infected cells, HCMV induces cytoskeletal alterations and changes in expression of cell surface receptors for extracellular matrix proteins which could result in increased motility and dissemination of cancer cells. Several human neuroblastoma cell lines undergo maturation in different neural crest derived cell types upon treatment with oncogenic potential agents, i. e. retinoic acid. The persistent HCMV infection of neuroblastoma cells (〉1 year) is accompanied by the increased expression of oncoproteins (i.e. N-myc) and decreased expression of tyrosine hydroxylase and dopamine-β-hydroxylase. The activation of the cellular metabolism is due to HCMV binding to cellular receptors (prior to virus gene expression) and to the activity of HCMV immediate early (IE) gene products. IE proteins act directly as transcriptional activators or their activity is mediated by a variety of cellular transcription factors. HCMV infection may result in activation of promoters of cellular genes coding for cytokines, replication enzymes, protooncogenes and viral promoters. Recently it has been demonstrated that HCMV IE proteins block apoptosis probably by suppressing the ability of the antioncogene p53 to activate a reporter gene. The interactions of HCMV with tumor suppressor proteins such as p53 or retinoblastoma (pRb) susceptibility protein are reminiscent of those mediated by the oncoproteins of DNA tumor viruses. The acquisition of a fully malignant phenotype by normal cells is thought to require several mutations in a number of cellular genes. In this connection, HCMV may play the role of a nonobligate either direct or indirect cofactor for tumor genesis, e.g. by blocking apoptosis, which may be an essential requirement for tumor progression. Due to the stimulation of growth factors and/or inhibition of antioncogenes by its gene products, HCMV may modulate the malignant potential of tumor cells.
    Keywords: Original Paper ; Cytomegalovirus, Human ; Neuroblastoma ; Oncogenic Potential ; Differentiation ; Biology
    ISSN: 0300-5526
    E-ISSN: 1423-0100
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  • 6
    Language: English
    In: Intervirology, 1994, Vol.37(6), pp.307-314
    Description: Effective therapy of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is mainly based on inhibition of reverse transcriptase by nucleoside analogues such as zidovudine (azidothymidine; AZT), didanosine, and zalcitabine. A major problem associated with long-term AZT therapy is the waning efficacy (‘clinical resistance’) over time. Clinical isolates of HIV-1 with reduced susceptibility to AZT can be recovered from HIV-infected individuals under prolonged treatment. However, the clinical importance of AZT resistance is uncertain. Other factors such as increased virus burden, increased virulence, and AZT toxicity could contribute, singly or in combination, to the loss of therapeutic benefit. Recent observations based on experimental models and clinical trials suggest that cellular mechanisms (‘cellular resistance’) may account for clinical resistance to antiviral agents. In vitro experiments demonstrated that in analogy to antitumoral therapy, the acquisition of multidrug resistance, i.e., resistance of cells to multiple, structurally unrelated chemotherapeutic agents, may play a role in the failure of long-term antiretroviral therapy. The ‘cellular resistance’ may contribute directly to the failure of antiviral therapy by the generation of sub therapeutic levels of antiviral compounds and/or their active forms. Indirectly, such subtherapeutic concentrations of active substances which permit limited replication of virus may represent a selective pressure for emergence and development of a resistant virus population. Hence it is of great importance to investigate the role of cellular factors in ‘clinical resistance’ to AZT and other anti-HIV agents. More detailed knowledge of cellular interactions and antiviral agents could help to improve or develop new strategies for antiviral therapy regimens.
    Keywords: Review Paper ; Cellular Thymidine Kinase ; Viral Resistance Mechanisms ; Reverse Transcriptase ; Multidrug Resistance ; Glycoprotein P ; Biology
    ISSN: 0300-5526
    E-ISSN: 1423-0100
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  • 7
    Language: English
    In: Journal of tissue culture methods, 1989, Vol.12(2), pp.67-72
    Description: Mouse NCTC clone 929 L (L-929) cells were propagated continuously over 2 yr in protein-free Eagles's minimal essential medium (EMEM). The cells designated L-929-WS were used for quality-control testing of protein-free EMEM as a model for more general medium quality tests. The parameter for the suggested quality control assay was the growth-promoting activity of the medium for L-929-WS cells. As an example of quality tests we assayed the growth promoting activity of EMEM exposed to various conditions of storage time and temperature. We established the sensitivity of the new assay by comparing it to the original cells L-929 grown in EMEM supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS). The assay system using L-929-WS cells propagated continuously in protein-free medium proved to be much more sensitive. The sensitivity, however, was abolished by the addition of FBS in a concentration as low as 1% to a culture medium.
    Keywords: protein-free medium ; quality control testing ; growth-promoting activity
    ISSN: 0271-8057
    E-ISSN: 1573-0603
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  • 8
    Language: English
    In: Biologicals, 1991, Vol.19(2), pp.87-92
    Description: Mouse NCTC clone 919 L (L-929) cells were propagated continuously for 3 years as monolayers in a protein-free chemically-defined medium. These cells, designated L-929-WS, were used for quality control testing of the surfaces of commercially available cell culture plastic flasks. Differences in attachment and saturation density of L-929-WS cells in a protein-free culture medium were taken to define various levels of quality of the culture vessels tested. The rate of attachment and growth of L-929-WS cells on a surface of a given quality correlated directly with that of human embryonal fibroblasts and embryonal epithelial cells grown in a serum-free medium supplemented with growth factors and hormones. L-929-WS cells propagated continuously in a protein-free medium provide a simple and sensitive assay system for more general quality control testing of surfaces used for the culture of monolayer cells.
    Keywords: Biology
    ISSN: 1045-1056
    E-ISSN: 1095-8320
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  • 9
    Language: English
    In: Cell Biology International, September 1993, Vol.17(9), pp.885-895
    Description: A protein-free chemically defined medium designated PFEK-1 was developed for culture of VERO cells on polyvinyl formal (PVF) culture surface without serum or other macromolecular supplements. VERO cells proliferated in PFEK-1 medium on PVF surface to a similar extent as cells in serum-supplemented medium without previous adaptation from serum-containing conditions. The protein-free culture infected with coxsackievirus B4, herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2, measles virus and poliovirus types 1, 2 and 3 developed viral titers comparable to those found in conventionally grown cells. The results demonstrated that VERO cells in protein-free culture provide a sensitive substrate for the production of human pathogenic viruses which are not contaminated by serum or other protein factors usually added to a culture medium.
    Keywords: Biology
    ISSN: 1065-6995
    E-ISSN: 1095-8355
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  • 10
    Language: English
    In: Cancer Letters, 1993, Vol.70(1), pp.15-24
    Description: Sodium phenylacetate (NaPA) at concentrations ranging from 2 to 6 mM stimulated morphological differentiation of two human neuroblastoma cell lines IMR-32 and UKF-NB-3. These concentrations inhibited growth and DNA synthesis of the cells in a dose dependent manner without significant effect on cell viability. The differentiated cells showed pseudoganglia formation and extension of cellular processes. The morphological differentiation in both cell lines was accompanied by decreased expression of N- myc oncoprotein. These results suggest that NaPA at concentrations, which have been achieved in humans with no significant adverse effects, promotes differentiation of cultured human neuroblastoma cells in association with the reduced expression of the malignant phenotype.
    Keywords: Neuroblastoma ; Differentiation ; Phenylacetate ; Retinoic Acid ; N- Myc ; Medicine
    ISSN: 0304-3835
    E-ISSN: 1872-7980
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