Geoderma, April, 2014, Vol.217-218, p.26(11)
To link to full-text access for this article, visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2013.11.001 Byline: Aurelien Roger, Zamir Libohova, Nicolas Rossier, Stephane Joost, Alexandra Maltas, Emmanuel Frossard, Sokrat Sinaj Abstract: Phosphorus (P) is the second essential nutrient for plant growth but can become an ecological and economical concern in case of over-fertilization. Soil P dynamic is influenced by many parameters like soil physical-chemical properties and farming practices. A better understanding of the factors controlling its distribution is required to achieve best management of P in cropping systems. In Switzerland, the FRIBO network was launched in 1987 and consists of 250 sites covering a wide diversity of soils (Cambisols, Gleysols, Rendzinas, Lithosols, Luvisols, Fluvisols) and three different land uses (cropland, grassland and mountain pasture) across the Fribourg canton. A spatial investigation of the different P forms (total, organic and available) for the FRIBO network led to the following main conclusions: (i) The P status in agricultural soils was significantly different among the three land uses encountered, with the highest mean values of available P found in croplands, from 2.12 (CO.sub.2 saturated water extraction) to 81.3mg.kg.sup.-1 (acetate ammonium+EDTA extraction); whereas total P was more abundant in permanent grasslands (1186mg.kg.sup.-1), followed by mountain pastures (1039mg.kg.sup.-1) and croplands (935mg.kg.sup.-1). This full characterization of the soil P status provides important data on P distribution related to soil properties and land use. (ii) Environmental variables such as altitude, slope, wetness index or plan curvature, derived from the digital elevation model (DEM) only explained a small part of the spatial variation of the different P forms (20 to 25%). Thus, the geostatistical analyses revealed that land use plays a significant role in soil P distribution. Improved predictions of the spatial distribution of P-related forms at landscape scales are needed and would require additional data points and variables such as parent material, soil types and terrain attributes. Article History: Received 2 July 2013; Revised 31 October 2013; Accepted 8 November 2013
Soil Phosphorus -- Chemical Properties ; Soil Phosphorus -- Analysis
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