Biology of Reproduction, 2000, Vol.63(5), p.1555-1561
Abstract We developed a novel promoter-based selection strategy that could be used to produce cell lines representing sequential stages of spermatogenesis. The method is based on immortalization and subsequent targeted selection by using differentiation-specific promoter regions. As an example for this approach, a new murine germ cell line (GC-4spc) was established using a vector construct that contains the SV40 large T antigen and the neomycin phosphotransferase II gene under the control of the SV40 early promoter and a spermatocyte-specific promoter for human phosphoglycerate kinase 2, respectively. The GC-4spc was characterized as a cell line at the stage between preleptotene and early pachytene spermatocytes. Transcription of three germ cell-specific expressed genes, Pgk2, proacrosin, and the A-myb proto-oncogene, were detected in the GC-4spc cell line using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Furthermore, TSPY (human testis-specific protein, Y-encoded) and PGK2 (human phosphoglycerate kinase 2) promoter regions showed different transcriptional activities in the GC-4spc cell line compared with the spermatogonia-derived cell line GC-1spg. Thus, our strategy could be used for immortalization of cells at specific stages of differentiation, allowing production of a series of cultured cell lines representing sequential stages of differentiation in given cell lineages.
Spermatogenesis ; Testes