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  • Zhang, Jie  (36)
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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: Tourism Management, December 2012, Vol.33(6), pp.1398-1407
    Description: The study of constraints in the leisure and tourism context has been a growing research theme during the past four decades. This article focused on participants' constraints that inhibit an experience of Chinese calligraphic landscapes. The purpose of this study was to determine whether three types of constraints existed in the context of a calligraphic landscape experience. A confirmatory factor analysis confirmed the fitness of the collected data for the hierarchical constraints model. This study also extended this hierarchical model to prove that some constraint dimensions do influence tourists' preference, participation and satisfaction. This research concluded that intrapersonal constraints had a negative influence on preference, while neither interpersonal nor structural dimension influenced tourists' participation or satisfaction. ► Our study focuses on the special culture landscape: Chinese calligraphic landscape. ► Constraints to calligraphic landscape experience is defined. ► We developed a measurement scale of constraints in such context. ► The hierarchical structure of constraints is confirmed in such context. ► Constraints do not all affect preference, participation and satisfaction.
    Keywords: Calligraphic Landscape ; Constraints ; Preference ; Participation ; Satisfaction ; Geography ; Business
    ISSN: 0261-5177
    E-ISSN: 1879-3193
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: Tourism Management, June 2016, Vol.54, pp.452-464
    Description: Laden with assorted emotional factors, dark tourism behaviors are heavily influenced by emotion-related factors, such as intrapersonal constraints. By deploying a survey of tourists visiting the Memorial of the Victims of the Nanjing Massacre, which lies on the darkest edges of the dark tourism spectrum, this study probes how well one's intrapersonal constraints and past experiences relate to one's revisit intention. Results indicate that there are four sub-dimensions in intrapersonal constraints, namely culture, emotion, escape, and incuriousness. The cognitive experiences have significantly positive effects on the revisit intention either through direct effects or via the mediating variables of intrapersonal constraints, while intrapersonal constraints play an indirect-only mediating role in the relationship between affective experiences and revisit intentions. Theoretical and practical contributions of the study findings are discussed within the realm of dark tourism.
    Keywords: Dark Tourism ; Past Experience ; Intrapersonal Constraints ; Revisit Intention ; Geography ; Business
    ISSN: 0261-5177
    E-ISSN: 1879-3193
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: Annals of Tourism Research, November 2015, Vol.55, pp.28-45
    Description: Authenticity is significant for all modern peoples, including hosts. Hosts have the right to make their own interpretation of authenticity. The model that we constructed explains the process of hosts’ authentication through structural analysis of the antecedents and consequences of hosts’ authentic experiences. The effects of personal economic benefits are indirect and hidden, with personal emotional benefits being the key factor that mediates the conflict between economic benefits and authenticity. The model explains the complex but delicate mechanism of how hosts balance their dual demands, ‘benefits from tourism’ and ‘authentic culture’. When hosts use support for tourism as power to obtain hegemony over authenticity, they focus only on objective authenticity, which also implies ethnic tourism has become superficial in China.
    Keywords: Authenticity ; Host ; Personal Benefit ; Attitude ; Support ; Resident ; Geography
    ISSN: 0160-7383
    E-ISSN: 1873-7722
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  • 4
    Language: English
    In: Tourism Management, August 2018, Vol.67, pp.59-70
    Description: It is nearly always implicitly assumed that authenticity is a positive trait, as opposed to the fake or the plastic. As opposed to allegedly positive authenticity, negative authenticity is something that is authentic but which tourists and residents consider not valuable enough to be preserved. However, researchers rarely pay attention to it, and there remains a lack of theoretical recognition and in-depth understanding of it. Using the case of China's ancient towns of Zhouzhuang and Tongli, this article aims to empirically verify negative authenticity and validate its dimensions on the consensus of tourists and residents through a mixed-method design. Based on interviews, this paper further analyzed the formation mechanism of negative authenticity. We found that the values of modern civilisation play a key role in the constructive process of negative authenticity. The findings further clarify the position of negative authenticity in the theoretical system and indicate its application value.
    Keywords: Authenticity ; Negative ; Construction ; Mixed-Methods ; Tourist ; Resident ; Geography ; Business
    ISSN: 0261-5177
    E-ISSN: 1879-3193
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  • 5
    Language: English
    In: Chinese Geographical Science, April, 2011, Vol.21(3), p.377(8)
    Description: Byline: Shaowen Cheng (1,2), Jie Zhang (2), Shaojing Lu (2), Feifei Xu (3), Honglei Zhang (2) Keywords: environmental tropism; nature conservation; natural tourist destination; tourism-nature relationship; Jiuzhaigou National Park Abstract: People's environmental tropism has an effect on their understanding of tourism-nature relationship, and also influences their attitudes to natural resources utilization and environmental protection. Taking Jiuzhaigou National Park of China as a study case, the authors conducted some quantitative analyses with the tools of SPSS 16.0 and LISREL 8.7, to explore the influence of tourists' environmental tropism on their attitudes to tourism and nature conservation in the natural tourist destination. Three hypotheses and the theoretic model of influences of tourists' environmental tropism on their attitudes to tourism and nature conservation have been tested and accepted based on the Structural Equation Model analysis on survey data collected in Jiuzhaigou National Park of China. Some conclusions were drawn as follows: 1) tourists' human-prioritized concept influences their cognition to tourism-nature relationship. This concept has a positive influence on their supportive attitudes to tourism, but a negative influence on their attitudes to nature conservation 2) tourists' human-nature coordination concept has a positive influence on their supportive attitudes to both tourism and nature conservation, especially to the latter. This paper generally proves that human's environmental tropism does have an influence on their attitudes to tourism and nature conservation in natural tourist destinations. Author Affiliation: (1) School of City and Environment Science, Huazhong Normal University, Wuhan, 430074, China (2) School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing, 210093, China (3) School of Service Management, Bournemouth University, Bournemouth, BH12 5BB, UK Article History: Registration Date: 08/01/2011 Received Date: 12/07/2010 Accepted Date: 20/10/2010 Online Date: 08/01/2011 Article note: Foundation item: Under the auspices of Sino-British Fellowship Trust by British Academy (No. SG-47266), National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 49571031), Foundation of China Scholarship Council (No. 2008619067)
    Keywords: National Parks -- Case Studies ; National Parks -- Analysis ; National Parks -- Protection And Preservation ; Nature Conservation -- Case Studies ; Nature Conservation -- Analysis ; Nature Conservation -- Protection And Preservation ; Tourism -- Case Studies ; Tourism -- Analysis ; Tourism -- Protection And Preservation
    ISSN: 1002-0063
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  • 6
    Language: Chinese
    In: Zhonghua bing li xue za zhi = Chinese journal of pathology, March 2015, Vol.44(3), pp.175-8
    Description: To study the over-expression of mutant p53 protein in non-mucinous adenocarcinoma in-situ (NMAIS) and invasive adenocarcinoma, NOS of lung. Immunohistochemical study for p53 protein was performed on 17 cases of NMAIS and 70 cases of invasive adenocarcinoma, NOS of lung. The difference in p53 over-expression between the two tumor subtypes was analyzed. The over-expression of mutant p53 protein was observed in 0 case (0%) of NMAIS and 37 cases (52.9%) of invasive adenocarcinoma, NOS of lung. The difference was of statistical significance (P = 0.000). Mutant p53 protein over-expression may play a role in the progression of NMAIS to invasive adenocarcinoma, NOS.
    Keywords: Adenocarcinoma -- Metabolism ; Adenocarcinoma in Situ -- Metabolism ; Mutant Proteins -- Metabolism ; Tumor Suppressor Protein P53 -- Metabolism
    ISSN: 0529-5807
    Source: MEDLINE/PubMed (U.S. National Library of Medicine)
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  • 7
    Language: English
    In: Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research, 02 September 2017, Vol.22(9), pp.936-950
    Description: Echoing calls for further empirical research of exploring complex mechanism of dark tourism experiences, as well as following the series of studies on post-disaster recovery (Wenchuan earthquake in China), it takes an earthquake-ruined country town Beichuan as a study case to explore relationships...
    Keywords: Dark Tourism ; Cognitive-Affective Experience ; Memory ; Protection Intention ; Structural Equation Model ; Moderating Effect ; Geography
    ISSN: 1094-1665
    E-ISSN: 1741-6507
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  • 8
    Language: English
    In: Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research, 03 August 2015, Vol.20(8), pp.942-953
    Description: A thorough understanding of the fluctuations of tourist flows provides useful insights concerning the nature of tourist demand. This study aims to investigate the fluctuation patterns and dynamics of inbound tourist flows to China using a complex network approach. Several measures, such as...
    Keywords: Inbound Tourist ; Tourist Flows ; Fluctuation Patterns ; Complex Network ; China ; Geography
    ISSN: 1094-1665
    E-ISSN: 1741-6507
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  • 9
    Language: English
    In: Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research, 02 December 2017, Vol.22(12), pp.1250-1260
    Description: Drawing on theories of stimulus overload and social interference, this study proposes a multidimensional way to measure tourists' perceptions of crowding. Three dimensions of crowding are discussed: neutral, personal, and social. A second-order structural equation model is used to analyze the...
    Keywords: Tourists' Crowding Perceptions ; Tourist Experience ; Satisfaction ; Perceived Attractiveness ; Experience Quality ; Geography
    ISSN: 1094-1665
    E-ISSN: 1741-6507
    Source: Taylor & Francis (Taylor & Francis Group)
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  • 10
    Language: English
    In: Asia Pacific World, 2014, Vol.5(2), p.101(22)
    Description: The basis for this study is a comparative analysis of theme parks in China opened before the twenty-first century and those opened during the twenty-first century. Literature review, field surveys, data collection, personal conference records, and deep interviews are integrated into the analysis. Prior to the twenty-first century, China's native theme parks were known for very short life cycles--popular in the first year, prosperous in the second year, declining by the third year, and extinct in the fourth year. Despite this trend, in the early twenty-first century, China has seen another round of considerable expansion. Theme parks have become a beneficial supplement to the entire tourism industry. Most of them have received large investments, and have diverse theme types and elastic location distributions. They mostly have expanded from being stand-alone attractions to forming large-scale tourism complexes and industry agglomerations to enhance their competitiveness. The most significant variation is the integration of theme parks and urban development. This paper addresses the rationale for changes in theme park development, from a traditional resource-based model to a market-oriented model, and in particular the integration of theme parks and urban development from the perspective of external effects. Keywords: China, external effects, theme parks, tourism, urban development
    Keywords: Amusement Parks – Management ; Amusement Parks – Analysis ; Urban Planning – Analysis ; Tourism – Analysis
    ISSN: 2042-6143
    E-ISSN: 20426151
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