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Berlin Brandenburg

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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: EMBO journal: European Molecular Biology Organization, 2015, Issue 11, pp.1478-1492
    Description: There is an expanding list of examples by which one mRNA can posttranscriptionally influence the expression of others. This can involve RNA sponges that sequester regulatory RNAs of mRNAs in the same regulon, but the underlying molecular mechanism of such mRNA cross talk remains little understood. Here, we report sponge-mediated mRNA cross talk in the posttranscriptional network of GcvB, a conserved Hfq-dependent small RNA with one of the largest regulons known in bacteria. We show that mRNA decay from the gltIJKL locus encoding an amino acid ABC transporter generates a stable fragment (SroC) that base-pairs with GcvB. This interaction triggers the degradation of GcvB by RNase E, alleviating the GcvB-mediated mRNA repression of other amino acid-related transport and metabolic genes. Intriguingly, since the gltIJKL mRNA itself is a target of GcvB, the SroC sponge seems to enable both an internal feed-forward loop to activate its parental mRNA in cis and activation of many trans-encoded mRNAs in the same pathway. Disabling this mRNA cross talk affects bacterial growth when peptides are the sole carbon and nitrogen sources.
    Keywords: Gcvb ; Hfq ; Noncoding Rna ; Rnase E ; Sroc
    ISSN: 0261-4189
    Source: Fundación Dialnet
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: EMBO journal: European Molecular Biology Organization, 2016, Issue 9, pp.991-1011
    Description: The molecular roles of many RNA‐binding proteins in bacterial post‐transcriptional gene regulation are not well understood. Approaches combining in vivo UV crosslinking with RNA deep sequencing (CLIP‐seq) have begun to revolutionize the transcriptome‐wide mapping of eukaryotic RNA‐binding protein target sites. We have applied CLIP‐seq to chart the target landscape of two major bacterial post‐transcriptional regulators, Hfq and CsrA, in the model pathogen Salmonella Typhimurium. By detecting binding sites at single‐nucleotide resolution, we identify RNA preferences and structural constraints of Hfq and CsrA during their interactions with hundreds of cellular transcripts. This reveals 3′‐located Rho‐independent terminators as a universal motif involved in Hfq–RNA interactions. Additionally, Hfq preferentially binds 5′ to sRNA‐target sites in mRNAs, and 3′ to seed sequences in sRNAs, reflecting a simple logic in how Hfq facilitates sRNA–mRNA interactions. Importantly, global knowledge of Hfq sites significantly improves sRNA‐target predictions. CsrA binds AUGGA sequences in apical loops and targets many Salmonella virulence mRNAs. Overall, our generic CLIP‐seq approach will bring new insights into post‐transcriptional gene regulation by RNA‐binding proteins in diverse bacterial species.
    Keywords: Clip ; Csra ; Hfq ; Non‐Coding Rna ; Peak Calling ; Post‐Transcriptional Control ; Small Rna ; Terminator ; Translation
    ISSN: 0261-4189
    Source: Fundación Dialnet
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
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