International Immunology, 2006, Vol.18(1), pp.19-29
Murine IL-4 is a pleiotropic cytokine with undefined core functional region for eliciting downstream signaling. We used molecular modeling to predict the binding sites recognized by an anti-IL-4-neutralizing mAb (11B.11) and peptide phage display to delineate their makeup. The results of these approaches were confirmed by site-directed mutagenesis analysis. The results suggest that the amino acid residues spanning from 79 to 86 (QRLFRAFR) on IL-4 are of the major binding site for 11B.11. Furthermore, the functional experiments demonstrate that the residues R80, R83 and R86, which are located in the helix C of murine IL-4, play a crucial role in binding to the IL-4R -chain. Taken together, a new core functional region of murine IL-4 is identified, which provides new insight into the interaction between IL-4 and IL-4R. In addition, the results demonstrate that 11B.11 binds to a core functional region of murine IL-4, which prevents this cytokine from interacting with its cognate receptor.
Site-Directed Mutagenesis ; Interleukin 4 ; Monoclonal Antibodies ; Phage Display ; Peptides ; Signal Transduction ; Cytokines and Chemokines ; Mice;