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Berlin Brandenburg

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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: Urologia internationalis, 2018, Vol.101(2), pp.245-248
    Description: The cystadenoma of the testis and paratestis arising from an unequivocal oviduct-like structure, which is morphologically almost identical with those of the ovarian surface epithelium. These are very rare benign tumors of young adults. They present as asymptomatic cystic lesions. Bilateral paratesticular cystadenomas are strongly associated with von Hippel-Lindau syndrome and correlate with infertility. It is a neoplasm with low malignant potential. Most cystadenomas are benign but a few cases of malignant transformation of embryonic remnants have been reported in the appendix testis, including cases of adenocarcinoma, cystadenocarcinoma, and a low malignant müllerian-type epithelial tumor. We report the rare case of a 63-year-old man with a paratesticular multicystic cystadenoma of the male adnexa without association to von Hippel-Lindau disease.
    Keywords: Cystadenoma ; Cystic Lesion ; Paratesticular Tumor ; Cystadenoma -- Pathology ; Epithelial Cells -- Pathology ; Testicular Neoplasms -- Pathology
    ISSN: 00421138
    E-ISSN: 1423-0399
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: Urologia Internationalis, July 2018, Vol.101(1), pp.16-24
    Description: Background/Aims/Objectives: To evaluate the influence of body mass index (BMI) on complications and oncological outcomes in patients undergoing radical cystectomy (RC). Methods: Clinical and histopathological parameters of patients have been prospectively collected within the “PROspective MulticEnTer RadIcal Cystectomy Series 2011”. BMI was categorized as normal weight (〈25 kg/m2), overweight (≥25–29.9 kg/m2) and obesity (≥30 kg/m2). The association between BMI and clinical and histopathological endpoints was examined. Ordinal logistic regression models were applied to assess the influence of BMI on complication rate and survival. Results: Data of 671 patients were eligible for final analysis. Of these patients, 26% (n = 175) showed obesity. No significant association of obesity on tumour stage, grade, lymph node metastasis, blood loss, type of urinary diversion and 90-day mortality rate was found. According to the ­American Society of Anesthesiologists score, local lymph node (NT) stage and operative case load patients with higher BMI had significantly higher probabilities of severe complications 30 days after RC (p = 0.037). The overall survival rate of obese patients was superior to normal weight patients (p = 0.019). Conclusions: There is no evidence of correlation between obesity and worse oncological outcomes after RC. While obesity should not be a parameter to exclude patients from cystectomy, surgical settings need to be aware of higher short-term complication risks and obese patients should be counselled ­accordingly.
    Keywords: Original Paper ; Urothelial Carcinoma ; Bladder Cancer ; Obesity ; Radical Cystectomy ; Prognosis ; Survival ; Medicine
    ISSN: 0042-1138
    E-ISSN: 1423-0399
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