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  • SpringerLink  (4,597)
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  • 1
    Article
    Article
    Language: English
    In: Journal of General Internal Medicine, 2013, Vol.28(5), pp.739-740
    Description: Byline: Zackary Berger (1) Author Affiliation: (1) Division of General Internal Medicine, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, 601 N Caroline St Suite 7143, Baltimore, MD, 21287, USA Article History: Registration Date: 24/08/2012 Online Date: 25/09/2012 Article note: This manuscript is an account of true events. The patient's identifying details have been changed.
    Keywords: Medicine & Public Health ; Internal Medicine ; Medicine;
    ISSN: 0884-8734
    E-ISSN: 1525-1497
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: Society, 2012, Vol.49(4), pp.317-322
    Description: This paper begins with a famous comment by Virginia Wolfe about the world changing “on or about December, 1910” when, she argued, modernist thought became dominant and changed human relations. My paper suggests that postmodernism begins in the Sixties, offers a definition of postmodernism taken from the French scholar, Jean-Francois Lyotard, and contrasts modernism with postmodernism. It offers an analysis of Disneyland as a postmodern entertainment and concludes with a discussion of whether postmodernism is now passé and has been succeeded by something else—namely post-postmodernism.
    Keywords: Modernism ; Postmodernism ; Metanarratives ; Simulations ; Disneyland ; Consumer cultures
    ISSN: 0147-2011
    E-ISSN: 1936-4725
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  • 3
    Article
    Article
    Language: English
    In: Society, 2014, Vol.51(6), pp.602-604
    Description: The problem for religion today is not that God is dead, but that there are too many gods. The focus, understandably, has been on the global increase of religious pluralism in the contemporary world. It is important to note, however, that there has been pluralism in earlier periods of history. The topic of this symposium is the exploration of such cases, both in the West and outside it.
    Keywords: Pluralism ; Secularization ; Religion ; Peace ; Europe ; Catholicism ; Islam ; Hinduism ; Protestantism ; Confucianism
    ISSN: 0147-2011
    E-ISSN: 1936-4725
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  • 4
    Language: English
    In: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014, Vol.44(12), pp.3204-3214
    Description: Findings from research investigating goal-directed intention understanding in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have been equivocal, in part because of the varying methodologies used across studies. This study compares both object-oriented and social-communicatively cued goal-directed intention understanding in children with ASD and typically-developing children. Relative to matched controls, children with ASD did not exhibit deficits in object-oriented intention understanding. While children with ASD also demonstrated the ability to understand intention when cued by social-communication indicators, typically-developing children differentiated between intentional and unintentional acts at a significantly greater level. Group differences in performance were eliminated if only trials in which children attended to the experimenter’s face were considered. Results suggest that children with ASD have intact object-oriented intention understanding abilities, and are able to use social-communicative cues to understand intention. However, their ability to demonstrate social-communicatively cued intention understanding is limited by a lack of attention to relevant social-communicative information.
    Keywords: Autism spectrum disorders ; Intention understanding ; Social cognition
    ISSN: 0162-3257
    E-ISSN: 1573-3432
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  • 5
    In: Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, 2014, Vol.472(4), pp.1155-1159
    Description: BACKGROUND: Trapeziometacarpal, or thumb carpometacarpal (CMC), arthritis is a common problem with a variety of treatment options. Although widely used, the Eaton radiographic staging system for CMC arthritis is of questionable clinical utility, as disease severity does not predictably correlate with symptoms or treatment recommendations. A possible reason for this is that the classification itself may not be reliable, but the literature on this has not, to our knowledge, been systematically reviewed. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We therefore performed a systematic review to determine the intra- and interobserver reliability of the Eaton staging system. METHODS: We systematically reviewed English-language studies published between 1973 and 2013 to assess the degree of intra- and interobserver reliability of the Eaton classification for determining the stage of trapeziometacarpal joint arthritis and pantrapezial arthritis based on plain radiographic imaging. Search engines included: PubMed, Scopus, and CINAHL. Four studies, which included a total of 163 patients, met our inclusion criteria and were evaluated. The level of evidence of the studies included in this analysis was determined using the Oxford Centre for Evidence Based Medicine Levels of Evidence Classification by two independent observers. RESULTS: A limited number of studies have been performed to assess intra- and interobserver reliability of the Eaton classification system. The four studies included were determined to be Level 3b. These studies collectively indicate that the Eaton classification demonstrates poor to fair interobserver reliability (kappa values: 0.11-0.56) and fair to moderate intraobserver reliability (kappa values: 0.54-0.657). CONCLUSIONS: Review of the literature demonstrates that radiographs assist in the assessment of CMC joint disease, but there is not a reliable system for classification of disease severity. Currently, diagnosis and treatment of thumb CMC arthritis are based on the surgeonʼs qualitative assessment combining history, physical examination, and radiographic evaluation. Inconsistent agreement using the current common radiographic classification system suggests a need for better radiographic tools to quantify disease severity.
    Keywords: Arthritis;
    ISSN: 0009-921X
    E-ISSN: 15281132
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  • 6
    Article
    Article
    Language: English
    In: Society, 2014, Vol.51(1), pp.22-26
    Description: This essay introduces some of the basic concepts that can be used in applied semiotic analysis and discusses the work of some prominent semioticians, such as Ferdinande de Saussure, Charles Sander Peirce, Umberto Eco, and Roland Barthes. Barthes’ book Mythologies is identified as a seminal text in applied semiotic analysis. Marshall McLuhan’s book The Mechanical Bride is discussed as being semiotic in nature, though he doesn’t use the term. The utility of semiotics utility in studying teeth, facial expression and other aspects of people watching and communication is also dealt with.
    Keywords: Semiotics ; Signs ; Signifiers ; Signifieds ; Iconic ; Indexical ; Symbolic
    ISSN: 0147-2011
    E-ISSN: 1936-4725
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  • 7
    Article
    Article
    Language: English
    In: Society, 2010, Vol.47(1), pp.6-10
    Description: This paper argues that it is impossible to know why we laugh. There are a number of theories that attempt to explain why we laugh but they all have limitations. It is possible, however, to know what makes us laugh and 45 techniques that inform humor are listed and used to analyze a number of humorous texts. These techniques can also be used to study the humor of different nations to determine which they favor and which they neglect, thus offering insights into national character.
    Keywords: Humor ; Techniques ; Superiority ; Incongruity ; Aggression
    ISSN: 0147-2011
    E-ISSN: 1936-4725
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  • 8
    Language: English
    In: Plant and Soil, 2013, Vol.370(1), pp.641-652
    Description: Aim: The use of plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) to reduce requirements for mineral nitrogen fertilization in sustainable agriculture is an important issue. We studied how reduced nitrogen fertilization affects the growth-promoting capacity of Enterobacter radicincitans, the bacteria's root colonization behavior, and the regulation of nitrogen, phosphate and hormone marker genes in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum). Method: Tomato seeds inoculated with 10 super(7)cfumL super(-1) E. radicincitans or 0.05 M NaCl, were grown under two distinct nitrogen fertilization regimes. Results: When treated with E. radicincitans, plant root or shoot dry weight increased by 180 %, or 150 % in high nitrogen (HN) conditions, but increased only by 120 %, or 140 % in low nitrogen (LN) conditions. HN plants were colonized by a higher number of total bacteria, including E. radicincitans, than LN plants. We found that E. radicincitans-treated plants expressed higher levels of a pathogen defense-related marker gene in LN conditions than in HN conditions. Transcription of the oxylipin biosynthesis marker genes was suppressed in E. radicincitans-treated plants under both fertilization regimes. Conclusion: Our findings indicate that drastic reduction in nitrogen fertilization results in modulating plant hormone signaling, thus inhibiting the optimal effect of E. radicincitans on tomato.
    Keywords: Rhizobacteria ; Enterobacter radicincitans ; Solanum lycopersicum ; Nitrogen fertilization ; Transcript regulation ; Plant growth promotion
    ISSN: 0032-079X
    E-ISSN: 1573-5036
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  • 9
    Language: English
    In: Society, 2015, Vol.52(5), pp.410-412
    Description: Secularization has for a long time served as a paradigm for the relation of modernity and religion. Thomas Kuhn has taught us that, if a paradigm collapses, sooner or later another takes its place. Berger proposed some time ago that the most likely candidate for such succession would be pluralization theory. In he own thinking the idea of a pluralization theory developed into what in effect points toward a new paradigm on modernity and religion.
    Keywords: Secularism ; Multiculturalism & Pluralism ; Religion;
    ISSN: 0147-2011
    E-ISSN: 1936-4725
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  • 10
    Language: English
    In: Hydrobiologia, 2013, Vol.706(1), pp.1-9
    Description: Global environmental challenges, such as climatic shifts, ocean acidification, and anthropogenic pressures urgently require detailed knowledge on functioning of the marine biota in order to create realistic models that predict future changes in populations, communities, and ecosystems. The long-term monitoring observations remain one of the best and sometimes the only way of acquiring knowledge on the complex seasonal and multiannual processes taking place in marine realms. This volume focuses on the long-term studies conducted for the past several decades in the White Sea, a relatively small marine basin located in sub-Arctic and Arctic zone in the northwest of Russia. It has a peculiar hydrologic structure: the upper water layers which experience strong seasonal temperature fluctuations and are inhabited by boreal organisms almost do not mix with the deeper waters which have negative temperatures the year round and are occupied by the Arctic species complex. The White Sea has a long-standing history of extensive environmental monitoring spanning all levels of the ecosystem. The goal of this special issue is to present the key findings of these studies to international research community and to identify environmental and biological processes that are involved in the ecosystem change of this important sub-Arctic marine basin.
    Keywords: Long-term data series ; Monitoring ; White Sea ; Ecosystems ; Marine biological stations
    ISSN: 0018-8158
    E-ISSN: 1573-5117
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