Kooperativer Bibliotheksverbund

Berlin Brandenburg

and
and

Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
Filter
  • Wiley (CrossRef)  (10)
Type of Medium
Language
Year
  • 1
    In: Global Change Biology, February 2014, Vol.20(2), pp.653-665
    Description: Sequestration of atmospheric carbon (C) in soils through improved management of forest and agricultural land is considered to have high potential for global mitigation. However, the potential of soils to sequester soil organic carbon () in a stable form, which is limited by the stabilization of against microbial mineralization, is largely unknown. In this study, we estimated the C sequestration potential of soils in southeast Germany by calculating the potential saturation of silt and clay particles according to Hassink [ (1997) 77] on the basis of 516 soil profiles. The determination of the current content of silt and clay fractions for major soil units and land uses allowed an estimation of the C saturation deficit corresponding to the long‐term C sequestration potential. The results showed that cropland soils have a low level of C saturation of around 50% and could store considerable amounts of additional . A relatively high C sequestration potential was also determined for grassland soils. In contrast, forest soils had a low C sequestration potential as they were almost C saturated. A high proportion of sites with a high degree of apparent oversaturation revealed that in acidic, coarse‐textured soils the relation to silt and clay is not suitable to estimate the stable C saturation. A strong correlation of the C saturation deficit with temperature and precipitation allowed a spatial estimation of the C sequestration potential for Bavaria. In total, about 395 Mt CO‐equivalents could theoretically be stored in A horizons of cultivated soils – four times the annual emission of greenhouse gases in Bavaria. Although achieving the entire estimated C storage capacity is unrealistic, improved management of cultivated land could contribute significantly to mitigation. Moreover, increasing stocks have additional benefits with respect to enhanced soil fertility and agricultural productivity.
    Keywords: Agricultural Management ; Climate Change ; Mitigation ; Soil Organic Carbon Stocks ; Soil Fractionation ; Stabilization Of Soil Organic Matter
    ISSN: 1354-1013
    E-ISSN: 1365-2486
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    In: Global Change Biology, October 2015, Vol.21(10), pp.3836-3845
    Description: Organic carbon () sequestration in degraded semi‐arid environments by improved soil management is assumed to contribute substantially to climate change mitigation. However, information about the soil organic carbon () sequestration potential in steppe soils and their current saturation status remains unknown. In this study, we estimated the storage capacity of semi‐arid grassland soils on the basis of remote, natural steppe fragments in northern China. Based on the maximum saturation of silt and clay particles 〈20 μm, sequestration potentials of degraded steppe soils (grazing land, arable land, eroded areas) were estimated. The analysis of natural grassland soils revealed a strong linear regression between the proportion of the fine fraction and its content, confirming the importance of silt and clay particles for stabilization in steppe soils. This relationship was similar to derived regressions in temperate and tropical soils but on a lower level, probably due to a lower C input and different clay mineralogy. In relation to the estimated storage capacity, degraded steppe soils showed a high saturation of 78–85% despite massive losses due to unsustainable land use. As a result, the potential of degraded grassland soils to sequester additional was generally low. This can be related to a relatively high contribution of labile , which is preferentially lost in the course of soil degradation. Moreover, wind erosion leads to substantial loss of silt and clay particles and consequently results in a direct loss of the ability to stabilize additional . Our findings indicate that the loss in semi‐arid environments induced by intensive land use is largely irreversible. Observed increases after improved land management mainly result in an accumulation of labile prone to land use/climate changes and therefore cannot be regarded as contribution to long‐term sequestration.
    Keywords: Climate Change ; Fine Fraction ; Soil Organic Carbon ; Soil Texture ; Steppe Soils
    ISSN: 1354-1013
    E-ISSN: 1365-2486
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    In: Land Degradation & Development, April 2018, Vol.29(4), pp.875-883
    Description: Long‐term cultivation of steppe soils in a nonsustainable way caused severe soil degradation and reduced agricultural productivity in Eastern Europe, one of the world's most important areas for cereal production. In order to combat soil erosion and maintain yields, a widespread system of tree windbreaks was introduced in the 1950s, accompanied by improved agricultural practices in recent years. However, information on the effectiveness of such measures to rebuild soil organic carbon (SOC) is scarce. The objective of this study was to estimate the OC storage potential of the fine mineral fraction of degraded arable steppe soils in Moldova and to quantify SOC sequestration rates under (a) windbreaks, (b) cropland with improved crop rotation/manure application, and (c) cropland with cover cropping. Natural grassland relicts served as a reference to estimate the SOC saturation potential. Our results revealed a low SOC saturation of 50% under conventional agricultural use due to high SOC losses, indicating a high potential for SOC sequestration. Relatively high SOC sequestration rates were determined for topsoils (0–30 cm) under windbreaks (0.9 t ha yr), improved crop rotation/manure application (1.3 t ha yr), and cover cropping (1.9 t ha yr). In this regard, sequestration rates derived from OC changes of the fine fraction may be more reliable than total SOC‐based rates, particularly for windbreaks with high proportions of labile SOC. We conclude that implementation of improved agricultural management together with the maintenance of windbreaks is a promising strategy to rebuild SOC, reduce widespread soil erosion and compaction, and secure Moldova's agricultural productivity.
    Keywords: Agroforestry ; Carbon Sequestration ; Cover Crops ; Improved Crop Rotation ; Manure Application
    ISSN: 1085-3278
    E-ISSN: 1099-145X
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    In: Global Change Biology, March 2018, Vol.24(3), pp.987-1000
    Description: Agricultural soils are widely recognized to be capable of carbon sequestration that contributes to mitigating emissions. To better understand soil organic carbon () stock dynamics and its driving and controlling factors corresponding with a period of rapid agronomic evolution from the 1980s to the 2010s in the North China Plain (), we collected data from two region‐wide soil sampling campaigns (in the 1980s and 2010s) and conducted an analysis of the controlling factors using the random forest model. Between the 1980s and 2010s, environmental (i.e. soil salinity/fertility) and societal (i.e. policy/techniques) factors both contributed to adoption of new management practices (i.e. chemical fertilizer application/mechanization). Results of our work indicate that stocks in the croplands increased significantly, which also closely related to soil total nitrogen changes. Samples collected near the surface (0–20 cm) and deeper (20–40 cm) both increased by an average of 9.4 and 5.1 Mg C ha, respectively, which are equivalent to increases of 73% and 56% compared with initial stocks in the 1980s. The annual carbon sequestration amount in surface soils reached 10.9 Tg C year, which contributed an estimated 43% of total carbon sequestration in all of China's cropland on just 27% of its area. Successful desalinization and the subsequent increases in carbon (C) inputs, induced by agricultural projects and policies intended to support crop production (i.e. reconstruction of low yield farmland, and agricultural subsidies), combined with improved cultivation practices (i.e. fertilization and straw return) since the early 1980s were the main drivers for the stock increase. This study suggests that rehabilitation of soils to reduce salinity and increase crop yields have also served as a pathway for substantial soil C sequestration. SOC stocks in the NCP croplands increased significantly; these changes were accompanied by changes in soil total nitrogen (TN). Annual carbon sequestration in surface soils reached 10.9 Tg C yr, which contributed an estimated 43% of total carbon sequestration in all of China’s cropland on just 27% of its area. Successful desalinization and the subsequent increases in carbon (C) inputs, induced by agricultural projects and policies (i.e. agricultural subsidies), combined with improved cultivation practices (i.e. fertilization, and straw return) since the early 1980s were the main drivers for this SOC stock increase.
    Keywords: Agricultural Policies ; Improved Cultivation ; N Stock Change ; Random Forest ; Soil Organic Carbon Stock Change
    ISSN: 1354-1013
    E-ISSN: 1365-2486
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    In: Global Change Biology, July 2012, Vol.18(7), pp.2233-2245
    Description: Precise estimations of soil organic carbon () stocks are of decided importance for the detection of C sequestration or emission potential induced by land use changes. For Germany, a comprehensive, land use–specific data set has not yet been compiled. We evaluated a unique data set of 1460 soil profiles in southeast Germany in order to calculate representative stocks to a depth of 1 m for the main land use types. The results showed that grassland soils stored the highest amount of , with a median value of 11.8 kg m, whereas considerably lower stocks of 9.8 and 9.0 kg m were found for forest and cropland soils, respectively. However, the differences between extensively used land (grassland, forest) and cropland were much lower compared with results from other studies in central European countries. The depth distribution of showed that despite low concentrations in A horizons of cropland soils, their stocks were not considerably lower compared with other land uses. This was due to a deepening of the topsoil compared with grassland soils. Higher grassland stocks were caused by an accumulation of in the B horizon which was attributable to a high proportion of C‐rich Gleysols within grassland soils. This demonstrates the relevance of pedogenetic inventories instead of solely land use–based approaches. Our study indicated that cultivation‐induced depletion was probably often overestimated since most studies use fixed depth increments. Moreover, the application of modelled parameters in inventories is questioned because a calculation of stocks using different pedotransfer functions revealed considerably biased results. We recommend stocks be determined by horizon for the entire soil profile in order to estimate the impact of land use changes precisely and to evaluate C sequestration potentials more accurately.
    Keywords: Carbon Sequestration ; Land Use Change ; Pedotransfer Function ; Soil Organic Matter ; Topsoil Deepening
    ISSN: 1354-1013
    E-ISSN: 1365-2486
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    In: Land Degradation & Development, April 2018, Vol.29(4), pp.1041-1053
    Description: The Food and Agriculture Organization considers around a quarter of global land to be degraded. Of particular concern are threats to soils in water‐limited regions, which are critical to food and economic security in countries across the globe but are under increasing pressure due to human use and climatic forcing. These soils have been used to feed and provide resources and services to human societies for millennia, with earliest land‐uses dating back to prehistoric times. With the adoption of modern, frequently unsuitable agricultural practices combined with the population pressures and shifting consumption patterns, soils in water‐limited regions have come under threat, resulting in degradation and in worst‐case scenarios, desertification. Here, we review the current state of soils in water‐limited environments and provide a guide to management for conservation and restoration of these fragile soils. Options to manage specific threats to soil functionality, namely, erosion, soil salinity, loss of functionality due to landscape homogenization, degradation of soil organic matter, and climate vulnerability are presented for specific land‐uses using a whole‐system approach management framework.
    Keywords: Drylands ; Erosion ; Landscape Homogenization ; Salinization ; Soil Organic Matter
    ISSN: 1085-3278
    E-ISSN: 1099-145X
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    Language: English
    In: Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, June 2012, Vol.175(3), pp.434-442
    Description: The assessment of grassland degradation due to overgrazing is a global challenge in semiarid environments. In particular, investigations of beginning steppe degradation after a change or intensification of the land use are needed in order to detect and adjust detrimental land‐use management rapidly and thus prevent severe damages in these sensitive ecosystems. A controlled‐grazing experiment was established in Inner Mongolia (China) in 2005 that included ungrazed (UG) and heavily grazed plots with grazing intensities of 4.5 (HG4.5) and 7.5 (HG7.5) sheep per hectare. Several soil and vegetation parameters were investigated at all sites before the start of the experiment. Topsoil samples were analyzed for soil organic C (SOC), total N (N), total S (S), and bulk density (BD). As vegetation parameters, aboveground net primary productivity (ANPP), tiller density (TD), and leaf‐area index (LAI) were determined. After 3 y of the grazing experiment, BD increased and SOC, N, S, ANPP, and LAI significantly decreased with increasing grazing intensity. These sensitive parameters can be regarded as early‐warning indicators for degradation of semiarid grasslands. Vegetation parameters were, however, more sensitive not only to grazing but also to temporal variation of precipitation between 2006 and 2008. Contrary, soil parameters were primarily affected by grazing and resistant against climatic variations. The assessment of starting conditions in the study area and the application of defined grazing intensities is essential for the investigation of short‐term degradation in semiarid environments.
    Keywords: Steppe ; Desertification ; Soil Organic Carbon Soc ; Overgrazing ; Inner Mongolia
    ISSN: 1436-8730
    E-ISSN: 1522-2624
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 8
    Language: English
    In: Land Degradation & Development, 2018, Vol.29(12), p.i(1)
    Description: Byline: Li Wang, Yantai Gan, Martin Wiesmeier, Guiqin Zhao, Ruiyang Zhang, Guodong Han, Kadambot H.M. Siddique, Fujiang Hou ***** No abstract is available for this article. *****
    ISSN: 1085-3278
    E-ISSN: 1099145X
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 9
    In: Land Degradation & Development, December 2018, Vol.29(12), pp.4439-4456
    Description: Nearly 90% of the 390 million ha of grasslands in northern China are degraded. ‘Grazing exclusion’ has been implemented as a nature‐based solution to rejuvenate degraded grasslands, but the effectiveness of the rejuvenation processes is uncertain. Here, we investigated the effects of grazing exclusion on aboveground plant community traits, soil physiochemical and biological properties, and the mechanisms responsible for enhanced grassland rejuvenation. A meta‐analysis across various studies was used to assess the effectiveness. On average, grazing exclusion improved vegetation coverage by 18.5 percentage points and increased aboveground biomass by 1.13 t ha and root biomass by 1.27 t ha, which represent an increase of 84%, 246%, and 31%, respectively, compared with continuous grazing practices. Grazing exclusion reduced soil bulk density by 13.7% and increased soil water content by 68.9%. Grasslands under grazing exclusion increased soil organic carbon (SOC) in the 0‐ to 15‐cm depth by 3.95 (±0.35 Std err) t ha and total soil N, available N, and total soil P in the 0‐ to 40‐cm depth by 2.39 (±0.14), 0.83 (±0.37), and 1.96 (±0.44) t ha, respectively, compared with continuous grazing; these values represent an increase of 31%, 25%, 23%, and 14%, respectively. Prolonging the duration (years) of grazing practices enlarged the differences in SOC and soil N content between grazing exclusion and continuous grazing. Grazing exclusion has improved plant community traits and enhanced soil physiochemical and biological properties of degraded grasslands, and thus, this ‘nature‐based’ approach can serve as an effective means to rejuvenate degraded grasslands.
    Keywords: Grassland Rejuvenation ; ‘nature‐Based’ Solution ; Plant Diversity ; Soc ; Soil Biological Property ; Soil Physiochemical Property
    ISSN: 1085-3278
    E-ISSN: 1099-145X
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 10
    Language: English
    In: Geomechanics and Tunnelling, October 2017, Vol.10(5), pp.497-506
    Description: The finance available for the refurbishment of tunnels was around EUR 125 m. in 2014, which will increase to EUR 213 m. by 2018. DB Netz AG has a total of more than EUR 1 billion available in the medium term for the refurbishment of existing tunnels. This paper deals with the refurbishment of masonry tunnels of the DB Netz AG, Region South. The basis is the typical damage patterns of masonry tunnels, their causes and the possible refurbishment opportunities. On the Kirchberg Tunnel project, a feasibility study was carried out into possible repair measures. Based on the results of the study plans are now running. The article is supplemented by the latest state of the art rules for maintenance work in the area of tunnel construction at DB AG. The necessity of programmes for tunnelling, the necessary economic and operational constraints as well as experience with completed repairs to masonry tunnels conclude the article from the viewpoint of the owner and operator. Das bereitgestellte Finanzvolumen für die Instandsetzung von Tunneln lag 2014 bei ca. 125 Mio. Euro. Bis 2018 und fortfolgend soll stufenweise auf 213 Mio. Euro Jahresbudget aufgestockt werden. Insgesamt stehen der DB Netz AG mehr als eine Milliarde Euro im Mittelfristzeitraum für Instandsetzungsmaßnahmen an Bestandstunneln zur Verfügung. Dieser Beitrag beschäftigt sich mit der Erneuerung von Mauerwerkstunneln im Bestand der DB Netz AG, Regionalbereich Süd. Grundlage hierfür sind die typischen Schadensbilder bei Mauerwerkstunneln, deren Ursachen aufgezeigt werden. Anhand des Projekts Kirchbergtunnel wurde eine Machbarkeitsstudie für mögliche Instandsetzungsmaßnahmen durchgeführt, auf deren Basis nun die Planungen laufen. Die Notwendigkeit von Programmen bei Tunnelinstandsetzungen, die erforderlichen wirtschaftlichen und betrieblichen Randbedingungen sowie die Erfahrungen bei bereits durchgeführten Instandsetzungen bei Mauerwerkstunnel schließen aus Sicht des Bauherrn und Betreibers den Artikel ab.
    Keywords: Masonry ; Damage Patterns ; Condition Category ; Repair Variants ; Mauerwerk ; Schadensbilder ; Zustandskategorie ; Instandsetzungsvarianten ; Railway Tunnels ; Refurbishing ; Construction Works ; Eisenbahntunnel ; Sanierung ; Ausführung
    ISSN: 1865-7362
    ISSN: 18657632
    E-ISSN: 1865-7389
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. Further information can be found on the KOBV privacy pages