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  • 1
    In: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica, 2013, Vol.35(1), p.74
    Description: AIM: Activation of muscarinic receptors on the detrusor smooth muscle is followed by contraction, which involves both myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) and Rho kinase (ROCK). The aim of this study was to determine the relative contributions of MLCK and ROCK to carbachol-induced contraction of human detrusor smooth muscle in vitro.METHODS: Detrusor smooth muscle strips were prepared from the macroscopically unaffected bladder wall of patients underwent cystectomy. The strips were fixed in an organ bath, and carbachol or KCl-induced isometric contractions were measured by force transducers.RESULTS: Addition of carbachol (0.4-4 μmol/L) into the bath induced concentration-dependent contractions of detrusor specimens, which was completely abolished by atropine (1 μmol/L). Pre-incubation of detrusor specimens with either the MLCK inhibitor ML-9 or the ROCK inhibitors HA1100 and Y-27632 (each at 10 μmol/L) significantly blocked carbachol-induced contractions as compared to the time-control experiments. Moreover, MLCK and ROCK inhibition were equally effective in reducing carbachol-induced contractions. The residual carbachol-induced contractions in the presence of both MLCK and ROCK inhibitors were significantly smaller than the contractions obtained when only one enzyme (either MLCK or ROCK) was inhibited, suggesting an additive effect of the two kinases. Interestingly, ROCK-mediated carbachol-induced contractions were positively correlated to the age of patients (r=o.52, P〈0.05).CONCLUSION: Both MLCK and ROCK contribute to carbachol-induced contractions of human detrusor smooth muscle. ROCK inhibitors may be a new pharmacological approach to modulate human bladder hyperactivity.
    Keywords: Pharmacy, Therapeutics, & Pharmacology;
    ISSN: 1671-4083
    E-ISSN: 17457254
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  • 2
    In: 中国药理学报:英文版 - Acta Pharmacologica Sinica, 2014, Issue 01, pp.74-81
    Description: Aim: Activation of muscarinic receptors on the detrusor smooth muscle is followed by contraction, which involves both myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) and Rho kinase (ROCK). The aim of this study was to determine the relative contributions of MLCK and ROCK to carbachol-induced contraction of human detrusor smooth muscle in vitro. Methods: Detrusor smooth muscle strips were prepared from the macroscopically unaffected bladder wall of patients underwent cystectomy. The strips were fixed in an organ bath, and carbachol or KCl-induced isometric contractions were measured by force transducers. Results: Addition of carbachol (0.4-4 μmol/L) into the bath induced concentration-dependent contractions of detrusor specimens, which was completely abolished by atropine (1 μmol/L). Pre-incubation of detrusor specimens with either the MLCK inhibitor ML-9 or the ROCK inhibitors HA1100 and Y-27632 (each at 10 μmol/L) significantly blocked carbachol-induced contractions as compared to the time-control experiments. Moreover, MLCK and ROCK inhibition were equally effective in reducing carbachol-induced contractions. The residual carbachol-induced contractions in the presence of both MLCK and ROCK inhibitors were significantly smaller than the contractions obtained when only one enzyme (either MLCK or ROCK) was inhibited, suggesting an additive effect of the two kinases. Interestingly, ROCK-mediated carbachol-induced contractions were positively correlated to the age of patients (r=0.52, P〈0.05). Conclusion: Both MLCK and ROCK contribute to carbachol-induced contractions of human detrusor smooth muscle. ROCK inhibitors may be a new pharmacological approach to modulate human bladder hyperactivity.
    Keywords: 肌球蛋白轻链激酶 ; 乙酰胆碱 ; 浓度依赖性 ; 平滑肌 ; 收缩比 ; Rho ; 年龄 ; 体外 ; Bladder Hyperactivity; Human Detrusor; Muscarinic Receptor; Carbachol; Atropine; Myosin Light Chain Kinase; Rho Kinase; Y-27632; Ha1100; Ml-9
    ISSN: 1671-4083
    Source: 维普数据 (Chongqing VIP Information Co.)
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