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  • Michaelis, Martin  (3)
  • Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
  • 1
    Language: English
    In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 2006, Vol.339(1), pp.375-379
    Description: The measurement of natural killer (NK) cells toxicity against tumor or virus-infected cells especially in cases with small blood samples requires highly sensitive methods. Here, a coupled luminescent method (CLM) based on glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase release from injured target cells was used to evaluate the cytotoxicity of interleukin-2 activated NK cells against neuroblastoma cell lines. In contrast to most other methods, CLM does not require the pretreatment of target cells with labeling substances which could be toxic or radioactive. The effective killing of tumor cells was achieved by low effector/target ratios ranging from 0.5:1 to 4:1. CLM provides highly sensitive, safe, and fast procedure for measurement of NK cell activity with small blood samples such as those obtained from pediatric patients.
    Keywords: Nk Cells ; Cytotoxicity ; Polio Virus Receptor ; Coupled Luminescent Method ; Neuroblastoma Cells ; Biology ; Chemistry ; Anatomy & Physiology
    ISSN: 0006-291X
    E-ISSN: 1090-2104
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 2005, Vol.326(4), pp.905-908
    Description: Initial in vitro investigations demonstrated type I interferons (IFNs: IFN-α, IFN-β) to inhibit replication of SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV), but found the nucleoside analogue ribavirin ineffective in Vero cells. In this report, ribavirin was shown to inhibit SARS-CoV replication in five different cell types of animal or human origin at therapeutically achievable concentrations. Since clinical anti-SARS-CoV activity of type I interferons or ribavirin is limited, we investigated the combination of IFN-β and ribavirin. Determination of the virus yield indicated highly synergistic anti-SARS-CoV action of the combination suggesting the consideration of ribavirin plus IFN-β for the treatment of SARS.
    Keywords: Human Primary Epithelial Kidney Cells ; Caco2 ; Cl14 ; Ma104 ; Vero ; Biology ; Chemistry ; Anatomy & Physiology
    ISSN: 0006-291X
    E-ISSN: 1090-2104
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 2004, Vol.323(4), pp.1236-1240
    Description: The chelating agent diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) inhibits human cytomegalovirus replication. Since chelating agents are known to exhibit anti-cancer effects, DTPA-induced cytotoxicity was evaluated in breast cancer cells (MCF-7) and neuroblastoma cells (UKF-NB-3). DTPA inhibited cancer cell growth in threefold lower concentrations compared to human foreskin fibroblasts (HFF). Antiviral and anti-cancer activity of chelating agents is caused by intracellular complexation of metal ions. DTPA, an extracellular chelator, was covalently coupled to human serum albumin (HSA) molecules, HSA nanoparticles (HSA-NP), gelatin type B (GelB) molecules, and GelB nanoparticles (GelB-NP) to increase cellular uptake. Coupling of DTPA to drug carrier systems increased its cytotoxic and antiviral activity by 5- to 8-fold. Confocal laser scanning microscope examination revealed uptake of DTPA-HSA-NP in UKF-NB-3 cells and HFF. Therefore, coupling of DTPA to protein-based drug carrier systems increases its antiviral and anti-cancer activity probably by mediating cellular uptake.
    Keywords: Albumin ; Breast Cancer ; Cytomegalovirus ; Diethlylenetriaminepentaacetic Acid ; Gelatin ; Nanoparticles ; Neuroblastoma ; Biology ; Chemistry ; Anatomy & Physiology
    ISSN: 0006-291X
    E-ISSN: 1090-2104
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