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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: Body Image, March 2019, Vol.28, pp.66-75
    Description: The 10-item Body Appreciation Scale-2 (BAS-2) is a widely-used measure of a facet of positive body image. Here, we examined the psychometric properties of a Bahasa Malaysia (Malay) translation of the BAS-2 in a community sample of Malaysian Malay and Chinese adults (  = 781). Participants completed the Malay BAS-2 alongside demographic items and measures of subjective happiness, life satisfaction, actual-ideal weight discrepancy (women only), drive for muscularity (men only), and internalisation of appearance ideals. Exploratory factor analyses with a Malay subsample indicated that BAS-2 scores reduced to a single dimension with all 10 items in women and men, although the factor structure was similar but not identical across sex. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated that the one-dimensional factor structure had adequate fit following modifications. BAS-2 scores were partially scalar invariant across sex (with no significant sex differences) and ethnicity (Malay participants had significantly higher body appreciation than Chinese participants), as well as had adequate internal consistency. Evidence of construct and incremental validity was also provided through associations with additional measures and the prediction of subjective happiness over-and-above other variables, respectively. The availability of the Malay BAS-2 should help advance research on the body appreciation construct in Malay-speaking populations.
    Keywords: Body Appreciation ; Positive Body Image ; Test Adaptation ; Malaysia ; Psychometrics ; Psychology
    ISSN: 1740-1445
    E-ISSN: 1873-6807
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: Body Image, March 2019, Vol.28, pp.81-92
    Description: The 34-item Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire–Appearance Scales (MBSRQ–AS) is a widely-used measure of multidimensional body image. Here, we examined the psychometric properties of a Bahasa Malaysia (Malay) translation of the MBSRQ–AS. A sample of 629 Malaysian Malays (women  = 315) completed the MBSRQ–AS, as well as measures of body appreciation, psychological well-being, perceptions of appearance ideals, and internalisation of appearance ideals. Exploratory factor analysis indicated that the MBSRQ–AS items reduced to four dimensions, although one factor had less-than-adequate internal consistency. Omitting this factor resulted in a 23-item 3-factor solution, which we tested for fit using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) alongside the parent 5-factor model. CFA indicated that both models had good fit on some indices, but less-than-ideal fit on other indices, with the 3-factor model showing comparatively better fit. Multi-group CFA indicated that it was not possible to achieve scalar invariance across sex, but internal consistency coefficients were adequate. Evidence of construct validity, as assessed through correlations between MBSRQ–AS scores and additional measures, was mixed. We discuss reasons that complicate interpretation of the dimensionality of MBSRQ–AS scores in this and previous studies, and call for further research on this issue.
    Keywords: Multidimensional Body Image ; Mbsrq ; Mbsrq–As ; Malaysia ; Test Adaptation ; Psychology
    ISSN: 1740-1445
    E-ISSN: 1873-6807
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: Body Image, September 2019, Vol.30, pp.114-120
    Description: The Functionality Appreciation Scale (FAS; Alleva et al., 2017) is a 7-item measure of an individual’s appreciation of their body for what it can do and is capable of doing. To date, its psychometric properties have not been examined beyond the parent study and outside English-speaking samples. To rectify this, we examined the psychometric properties of a Bahasa Malaysia (Malay) translation of the FAS. An online sample of 815 Malaysia citizens completed a Malay translation of the FAS, along with validated measures of body appreciation, weight discrepancy, drive for muscularity, perceived pressure from and internalisation of appearance ideals, self-esteem, and trait mindfulness. Exploratory factor analyses supported a 1-dimensional factor structure of FAS scores, which was upheld using confirmatory factor analysis. FAS scores were also invariant across sex and there was no significant sex difference in scores. Construct validity was generally supported through significant associations with the additional measures included in the study. Incremental validity was also established insofar as functionality appreciation predicted self-esteem over-and-above the variance accounted for by other body image measures. The availability of the Malay FAS will be of use to scholars in Malaysia, but establishing cross-linguistic invariance will be an important next step.
    Keywords: Functionality Appreciation ; Positive Body Image ; Factor Structure ; Psychometrics ; Malaysia ; Psychology
    ISSN: 1740-1445
    E-ISSN: 1873-6807
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