Ecological Informatics, March 2014, Vol.20, pp.1-12
Macroinvertebrates form an important functional component of aquatic ecosystems. Their ability to indicate various types of anthropogenic stressors is widely recognized which has made them an integral component of freshwater biomonitoring. The use of macroinvertebrates in biomonitoring is dependent on manual taxa identification which is currently a time-consuming and cost-intensive process conducted by highly trained taxonomical experts. Automated taxa identification of macroinvertebrates is a relatively recent research development. Previous studies have displayed great potential for solutions to this demanding data mining application. In this research we have a collection of 1350 images from eight different macroinvertebrate taxa and the aim is to examine the suitability of artificial neural networks (ANNs) for automated taxa identification of macroinvertebrates. More specifically, the focus is drawn on different training algorithms of Multi-Layer Perceptron (MLP), probabilistic neural network (PNN) and Radial Basis Function network (RBFN). We performed thorough experimental tests and we tested altogether 13 training algorithms for MLPs. The best classification accuracy of MLPs, 95.3%, was obtained by two conjugate gradient backpropagation variations and scaled conjugate gradient backpropagation. For PNN 92.8% and for RBFN 95.7% accuracies were achieved. The results show how important a proper choice of ANN is in order to obtain high accuracy in the automated taxa identification of macroinvertebrates and the obtained model can outperform the level of identification which is made by a taxonomist.
Benthic Macroinvertebrates ; Artificial Neural Networks ; Multi-Layer Perceptron ; Radial Basis Function Network ; Probabilistic Neural Network ; Classification ; Ecology
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