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Berlin Brandenburg

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  • 1
    In: EMBO Journal, 03 June 2015, Vol.34(11), pp.1478-1492
    Description: There is an expanding list of examples by which one can posttranscriptionally influence the expression of others. This can involve sponges that sequester regulatory s of s in the same regulon, but the underlying molecular mechanism of such cross talk remains little understood. Here, we report sponge‐mediated cross talk in the posttranscriptional network of GcvB, a conserved Hfq‐dependent small with one of the largest regulons known in bacteria. We show that decay from the locus encoding an amino acid transporter generates a stable fragment (SroC) that base‐pairs with GcvB. This interaction triggers the degradation of GcvB by ase E, alleviating the GcvB‐mediated repression of other amino acid‐related transport and metabolic genes. Intriguingly, since the itself is a target of GcvB, the SroC sponge seems to enable both an internal feed‐forward loop to activate its parental in and activation of many ‐encoded s in the same pathway. Disabling this cross talk affects bacterial growth when peptides are the sole carbon and nitrogen sources. Decay of the bacterial GcvB , which keeps it from regulating its targets, is triggered by a 3′‐‐derived fragment from a target . This ability of s to compete for regulatory interaction presents a new mode of cross talk in bacteria. . Decay of the bacterial GcvB s, which keeps it from regulating its m targets, is triggered by a 3′‐‐derived fragment from a target m. This ability of ms to compete for regulatory interaction presents a new mode of cross talk in bacteria.
    Keywords: G Cv B ; H Fq ; Noncoding Rna ; Rn Ase E ; S Ro C
    ISSN: 0261-4189
    E-ISSN: 1460-2075
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  • 2
    In: EMBO Journal, 17 October 2012, Vol.31(20), pp.4005-4019
    Description: The small RNAs associated with the protein Hfq constitute one of the largest classes of post‐transcriptional regulators known to date. Most previously investigated members of this class are encoded by conserved free‐standing genes. Here, deep sequencing of Hfq‐bound transcripts from multiple stages of growth of revealed a plethora of new small RNA species from within mRNA loci, including DapZ, which overlaps with the 3′ region of the biosynthetic gene, . Synthesis of the DapZ small RNA is independent of DapB protein synthesis, and is controlled by HilD, the master regulator of invasion genes. DapZ carries a short G/U‐rich domain similar to that of the globally acting GcvB small RNA, and uses GcvB‐like seed pairing to repress translation of the major ABC transporters, DppA and OppA. This exemplifies double functional output from an mRNA locus by the production of both a protein and an Hfq‐dependent ‐acting RNA. Our atlas of Hfq targets suggests that the 3′ regions of mRNA genes constitute a rich reservoir that provides the Hfq network with new regulatory small RNAs. Deep sequencing of Hfq‐binding RNAs isolated from at different growth stages reveals that the 3′ UTR of bacterial mRNAs are a rich source of regulatory small RNAs which modulate gene expression in trans.
    Keywords: Abc Transporter ; Dapz ; Gcvb ; Hfq ; 3′ Utr
    ISSN: 0261-4189
    E-ISSN: 1460-2075
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  • 3
    In: EMBO Journal, 13 November 2013, Vol.32(22), pp.2963-2979
    Description: Small RNAs use a diversity of well‐characterized mechanisms to repress mRNAs, but how they activate gene expression at the mRNA level remains not well understood. The predominant activation mechanism of Hfq‐associated small RNAs has been translational control whereby base pairing with the target prevents the formation of an intrinsic inhibitory structure in the mRNA and promotes translation initiation. Here, we report a translation‐independent mechanism whereby the small RNA RydC selectively activates the longer of two isoforms of mRNA (encoding cyclopropane fatty acid synthase) in . Target activation is achieved through seed pairing of the pseudoknot‐exposed, conserved 5′ end of RydC to an upstream region of the mRNA. The seed pairing stabilizes the messenger, likely by interfering directly with RNase E‐mediated decay in the 5′ untranslated region. Intriguingly, this mechanism is generic such that the activation is equally achieved by seed pairing of unrelated small RNAs, suggesting that this mechanism may be utilized in the design of RNA‐controlled synthetic circuits. Physiologically, RydC is the first small RNA known to regulate membrane stability. The small RNA RydC stabilizes target mRNAs in a translation‐independent manner through base pairing to the 5′UTR, blocking RNase E access. Cyclopropane fatty acid synthase is a target for RydC, providing the first link between sRNA regulation and membrane biosynthesis in bacteria.
    Keywords: Fatty Acid Synthesis ; Hfq ; Mrna Activation ; Noncoding Rna ; Small Rna
    ISSN: 0261-4189
    E-ISSN: 1460-2075
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  • 4
    In: EMBO Journal, 02 May 2016, Vol.35(9), pp.991-1011
    Description: The molecular roles of many ‐binding proteins in bacterial post‐transcriptional gene regulation are not well understood. Approaches combining crosslinking with deep sequencing (‐seq) have begun to revolutionize the transcriptome‐wide mapping of eukaryotic ‐binding protein target sites. We have applied ‐seq to chart the target landscape of two major bacterial post‐transcriptional regulators, Hfq and CsrA, in the model pathogen Typhimurium. By detecting binding sites at single‐nucleotide resolution, we identify preferences and structural constraints of Hfq and CsrA during their interactions with hundreds of cellular transcripts. This reveals 3′‐located Rho‐independent terminators as a universal motif involved in Hfq– interactions. Additionally, Hfq preferentially binds 5′ to ‐target sites in s, and 3′ to seed sequences in s, reflecting a simple logic in how Hfq facilitates – interactions. Importantly, global knowledge of Hfq sites significantly improves ‐target predictions. CsrA binds sequences in apical loops and targets many virulence s. Overall, our generic ‐seq approach will bring new insights into post‐transcriptional gene regulation by ‐binding proteins in diverse bacterial species. A new pipeline for ‐seq in maps global –protein interactions and offers a tool for improved understanding of post‐transcriptional control in bacteria. Transcriptome‐wide mapping of Hfq and CsrA target sites by CLIP‐seq. Rho‐independent terminators comprise a general Hfq‐binding motif. Hfq binds 5′ to sRNA‐binding sites in mRNA targets and 3′ to seed sequences in cognate the sRNAs. CsrA preferentially recognizes AUGGA sequences present in loops of hairpin structures. CsrA binds and regulates many mRNAs encoding virulence factors. A new pipeline for CLIP‐seq in maps global RNA–protein interactions and offers a tool for improved understanding of post‐transcriptional control in bacteria.
    Keywords: Clip ; Csra ; Hfq ; Non‐Coding Rna ; Peak Calling ; Post‐Transcriptional Control ; Small Rna ; Terminator ; Translation
    ISSN: 0261-4189
    E-ISSN: 1460-2075
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