Gene, 1994, Vol.150(1), pp.17-25
El Tor biotype Vibrio cholerae strains express a cell-associated mannose-sensitive hemagglutinin (MSHA) which is a putative attachment factor. Several MSHA-negative mutants from V. cholerae strain JBK70 were previously generated by Tn5 mutagenesis [Finn et al., Infect. Immun. 55 (1987) 942–946]. The chromosomal DNA regions containing the Tn5 insertions were isolated from eight strains for further analysis. Nucleotide sequencing of the insertional junctions and corresponding clones containing the intact chromosomal region from the parental strain revealed the presence of several contiguous ORFs. Only two ORFs of this region had received insertions, and these showed remarkable homology to genes involved in the general secretory pathway found in several Gram − bacterial species. Proteins corresponding to the observed ORFs were visualized with the T7 promoter/RNA polymerase expression system. Marker exchange mutagenesis was used to insert kanamycin-resistance cassettes and Tn phoA insertions into different locations of this region in the chromosome of wild-type V. cholerae strains. The phenotypes of these mutants showed that this DNA region is involved in MSHA production, but is not required for general extracellular protein secretion.
Bacterial Adhesion ; Pili ; Toxin ; Transposon-Insertion Mutants ; Tnphoa ; T7 RNA Polymerase ; Protein Secretion ; Pullulanase ; Recombinant DNA ; Engineering ; Biology ; Anatomy & Physiology
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