Kooperativer Bibliotheksverbund

Berlin Brandenburg

and
and

Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
Filter
  • Cinatl, J.  (2)
  • Doerr, Hans  (2)
  • International Journal Of Molecular Medicine
  • 1
    Language: English
    In: International Journal of Molecular Medicine, June 2003, Vol.11(6), pp.743-747
    Description: The human T-lymphoid cell line H9 resistant to 3'-azido-2',3'-dideoxythymidine (AZT) has a very low level of thymidine kinase (TK) expression which accounts for the failure of AZT to inhibit HIV-1 replication. In the present study DNA methylation and histone deacetylation as possible mechanisms of decreased TK gene expression in the resistant cells were investigated. The resistant cells expressed high levels of DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs) 3a and 3b. The DNA methylation inhibitor, 5-aza-cytidine (5-aza-C), increased TK gene expression and antiviral activity of AZT in the resistant cells, while histone deacetylase inhibitor trichostatin A (TSA) had no effect. The results suggest that hypermethylation of the TK gene but not histone deacetylation in AZT-resistant H9 cells accounts for decreased TK gene expression and failure of AZT to inhibit HIV-1 replication probably due to overexpression of DNMT 3a and 3b.
    ISSN: 1107-3756
    Source: Spandidios Publications (Spandidos Publications Ltd.)
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    Language: English
    In: International Journal of Molecular Medicine, February 2004, Vol.13(2), pp.327-331
    Description: Recently, we reported that thrombin specifically stimulates protease-activated receptor-1 (PAR-1) signaling in RPE entailing inhibition of Sp1 dependent HCMV replication. We now studied whether thrombin modulates the expression of the proinflammatory cytokine/chemokines IL-6 and IL-8 in mock- and cytomegalovirus-infected human retinal pigment epithelial cells (RPE). Our data show that thrombin/PAR-1 stimulates IL-6 and IL-8 gene transcription and protein secretion in both mock- and HCMV-infected RPE. Thrombin/PAR-1-mediated signaling stimulated PKC and NF-κB-dependent IL-6 and IL-8 gene expression via phosphoinositide 3-kinase and further downstream via p42/44 and p38 MAPKs. Thus, thrombin/PAR-1-mediated IL-6/IL-8 gene expression is uncoupled from Sp1 inhibition and may support proinflammatory pathomechanisms probably involved in hemorrhage/HCMV retinitis progression.
    Keywords: Cytomegalovirus Infections -- Metabolism ; Interleukin-6 -- Genetics ; Interleukin-8 -- Genetics ; Pigment Epithelium of Eye -- Metabolism ; Thrombin -- Metabolism;
    ISSN: 1107-3756
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. Further information can be found on the KOBV privacy pages