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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health, July 2012, Vol.215(4), pp.482-486
    Description: Influenza viruses are highly contagious. Medical personnel are at risk of occupational exposure to influenza. Data on dental healthcare workers (DHCWs) immunization status has not been published. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of DHCWs and dental students at a German dental university hospital. Surveys, completed between October 2010 and March 2011, focused on reasons of DHCWs for accepting or declining the influenza vaccination. Furthermore, we characterized attitudes towards influenza infection due to the emergence of the H1N1/2009. Compliance rates with the influenza vaccination among DHCWs were low (31.6%). The main reason for not getting vaccinated against the pandemic influenza A/H1N1 virus in the 2009/2010 season was the objection to the AS03-adjuvants (48.5%). Of the DHCWs surveyed, 30.6% (74/242) cited that the H1N1/2009 pandemic influenced their attitudes towards vaccination in general. Our findings confirm the importance of a comprehensive approach to the influenza vaccination, ensuring that DHCWs are correctly informed about the vaccine and that it is convenient to receive it. It could be shown that an immunization campaign at the workplace seems to be capable of improving vaccination rates, one-third of the vaccinees have been vaccinated for the first time.
    Keywords: Dental Health Care Workers ; Influenza ; Influenza A/H1n1 ; Occupational Infections ; Vaccination ; Biology ; Public Health
    ISSN: 1438-4639
    E-ISSN: 1618-131X
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health, 2001, Vol.203(5), pp.393-399
    Description: Epidemiological studies can help to understand the effects of medical treatment of HIV infections. Accordingly, this study was designed to discuss the most important parameters in Frankfurt/Main and other big German cities from 1984 to 2000. The number of HIV tests performed by Frankfurt's Virology has been decreasing continually since 1991. A decrease of new infections in men could be registered, whereas the number of HIV infected women rose. From 1985 to 2000 an annual mean value of 478 HIV infected men and 121 HIV infected women was registered in Frankfurt. The gender proportion was followed up for Frankfurt and Hamburg since 1985, for Berlin, Munich, and Cologne since 1993. All but one city showed a significant decline of infected males, only Berlin did not show any obvious changes in this proportion. Over the last twelve years the average age of men and women tested positive for the first time increased. An obvious shift could be discerned during the last two years concerning the distribution of risk groups. The percentage of HIV infected homosexuals and female i. v. drug addicts sank significantly over the last two years, the number of women infected by heterosexual contacts is still increasing when compared to data compiled from 1988 to 1992, and varies between 44 % and 33 %. During the same time-span a significant shift in first onset of AIDS-defining illnesses was observed. PCP (pneumocystis carinii pneumonia) - formerly represented with 35.5 % - decreased and is now surpassed by tuberculosis with 25.5 %. The general gender proportion (3 : 1) could not be reflected by AIDS-defining diseases of which NHL (non-Hodgkin-lymphoma) seems to have the shortest time-span (6.5 months) between the occurrence of illness and death.
    Keywords: HIV-Prevalence ; Seroepidemiology ; Heterosexual Transmission ; AIDS-Defining Diseases ; Biology ; Public Health
    ISSN: 1438-4639
    E-ISSN: 1618-131X
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
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