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Berlin Brandenburg

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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, 08/29/1997, Vol.272(35), pp.22173-22181
    Description: In the present study, we show that Fas receptor ligation or cellular treatment with synthetic C sub(6)-ceramide results in activation or phosphorylation, respectively, of the small G-protein Rac1, Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK)/p38 kinases (p38-K), and the transcription factor GADD153. A signaling cascade from the Fas receptor via ceramide, Ras, Rac1, and JNK/p38-K to GADD153 is demonstrated employing transfection of transdominant inhibitory N17Ras, N17Rac1, c-Jun, or treatment with a specific p38-K inhibitor. The critical function of this signaling cascade is indicated by prevention of Fas- or C sub(6)-ceramide-induced apoptosis after inhibition of Ras, Rac1, or JNK/p38-K.
    Keywords: Apoptosis ; Apoptosis ; Fas Antigen ; Ceramide ; Rac1 Protein ; Jnk Protein ; P38 Protein ; Gadd153 Protein ; Fas Antigen ; Gadd153 Protein ; Jnk Protein ; Rac1 Protein ; Ceramide ; P38 Protein;
    ISSN: 0021-9258
    E-ISSN: 1083-351X
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, 10/18/1996, Vol.271(42), pp.26389-26394
    Description: Fas induces apoptosis in lymphocytes via a poorly defined intracellular signaling mechanism. We and others have previously demonstrated the involvement and significance of a signaling cascade from the Fas receptor via sphingomyelinases and ceramide to Ras in apoptosis (Gulbins, E., Bissonette, R., Mahboubi, A., Nishioka, W., Brunner, T., Baier G., Baier-Bitterlich, G., Byrd, C., Lang, F., Kolesnick, R., Altman, A., and Green, D. (1995) Immunity 2, 341; Cifone, M. G., DeMaria, R., Roncali, P., Rippo, M. R., Azuma, M., Lanier, L. L., Santoni, A., and Testi, R. (1994) J. Exp. Med. 180, 1547-1552; Gill, B. M., Nishikata, H., Chan, G., Delovitch, T. L., and Ochi, A. (1994) Immunol. Rev. 142, 113-126). Here, we demonstrate an activation of the small G-proteins Rac 1 and Rac 2 after Fas receptor triggering. Expression of a transdominant inhibitory Ras mutant (N17Ras) prevents Rac 1 and Rac 2 stimulation, suggesting a signaling cascade from the Fas receptor via Ras to Rac 1 and Rac 2. Genetic and pharmacological inhibition of Ras or Rac 1 and Rac 2 stimulation blocks Fas-induced apoptosis, pointing to an important function of a Ras and Rac protein-regulated signaling pathway in Fas-mediated programmed cell death.
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Anatomy & Physiology;
    ISSN: 0021-9258
    E-ISSN: 1083-351X
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: The Journal of biological chemistry, 16 June 2006, Vol.281(24), pp.16354-60
    Description: Cladosporium herbarum is an important allergenic fungal species that has been reported to cause allergic diseases in nearly all climatic zones. 5-30% of the allergic population displays IgE antibodies against molds. Sensitization to Cladosporium has often been associated with severe asthma and less frequently with chronic urticaria and atopic eczema. However, no dominant major allergen of this species has been found so far. We present cloning, production, and characterization of NADP-dependent mannitol dehydrogenase of C. herbarum (Cla h 8) and show that this protein is a major allergen that is recognized by IgE antibodies of approximately 57% of all Cladosporium allergic patients. This is the highest percentage of patients reacting with any Cladosporium allergen characterized so far. Cla h 8 was purified to homogeneity by standard chromatographic methods, and both N-terminal and internal amino acid sequences of protein fragments were determined. Enzymatic analysis of the purified natural protein revealed that this allergen represents a NADP-dependent mannitol dehydrogenase that interconverts mannitol and d-fructose. It is a soluble, non-glycosylated cytoplasmic protein. Two-dimensional protein analysis indicated that mannitol dehydrogenase is present as a single isoform. The cDNA encoding Cla h 8 was cloned from a lambda-ZAP library constructed from hyphae and spores. The recombinant non-fusion protein was expressed in Escherichia coli and purified to homogeneity. Its immunological and biochemical identity with the natural protein was shown by enzyme activity tests, CD spectroscopy, IgE immunoblots with sera of patients, and by skin prick testing of Cladosporium allergic patients. This protein therefore is a new major allergen of C. herbarum.
    Keywords: Alcohol Oxidoreductases -- Metabolism ; Cladosporium -- Immunology
    ISSN: 0021-9258
    E-ISSN: 1083351X
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