Kooperativer Bibliotheksverbund

Berlin Brandenburg

and
and

Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    Language: English
    In: Nucleic acids research, 06 April 2018, Vol.46(6), pp.2820-2833
    Description: During its life cycle, Trypanosoma brucei shuttles between a mammalian host and the tsetse fly vector. In the mammalian host, immune evasion of T. brucei bloodstream form (BSF) cells relies on antigenic variation, which includes monoallelic expression and periodic switching of variant surface glycoprotein (VSG) genes. The active VSG is transcribed from only 1 of the 15 subtelomeric expression sites (ESs). During differentiation from BSF to the insect-resident procyclic form (PCF), the active ES is transcriptionally silenced. We used mass spectrometry-based interactomics to determine the composition of telomere protein complexes in T. brucei BSF and PCF stages to learn more about the structure and functions of telomeres in trypanosomes. Our data suggest a different telomere complex composition in the two forms of the parasite. One of the novel telomere-associated proteins, TelAP1, forms a complex with telomeric proteins TbTRF, TbRAP1 and TbTIF2 and influences ES silencing kinetics during developmental differentiation.
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Anatomy & Physiology;
    ISSN: 03051048
    E-ISSN: 1362-4962
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    Language: English
    In: Nucleic acids research, 01 November 2012, Vol.40(20), pp.10302-11
    Description: Cell-cycle progression requires careful regulation to ensure accurate propagation of genetic material to the daughter cells. Although many cell-cycle regulators are evolutionarily conserved in the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma brucei, novel regulatory mechanisms seem to have evolved. Here, we analyse the function of the histone methyltransferase DOT1A during cell-cycle progression. Over-expression of DOT1A generates a population of cells with aneuploid nuclei as well as enucleated cells. Detailed analysis shows that DOT1A over-expression causes continuous replication of the nuclear DNA. In contrast, depletion of DOT1A by RNAi abolishes replication but does not prevent karyokinesis. As histone H3K76 methylation has never been associated with replication control in eukaryotes before, we have discovered a novel function of DOT1 enzymes, which might not be unique to trypanosomes.
    Keywords: DNA Replication ; Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase -- Metabolism ; Histones -- Metabolism ; Trypanosoma Brucei Brucei -- Enzymology
    ISSN: 03051048
    E-ISSN: 1362-4962
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    Language: English
    In: Nucleic acids research, March 2014, Vol.42(5), pp.2906-18
    Description: The anti-silencing function protein 1 (Asf1) is a chaperone that forms a complex with histones H3 and H4 facilitating dimer deposition and removal from chromatin. Most eukaryotes possess two different Asf1 chaperones but their specific functions are still unknown. Trypanosomes, a group of early-diverged eukaryotes, also have two, but more divergent Asf1 paralogs than Asf1 of higher eukaryotes. To unravel possible different functions, we characterized the two Asf1 proteins in Trypanosoma brucei. Asf1A is mainly localized in the cytosol but translocates to the nucleus in S phase. In contrast, Asf1B is predominantly localized in the nucleus, as described for other organisms. Cytosolic Asf1 knockdown results in accumulation of cells in early S phase of the cell cycle, whereas nuclear Asf1 knockdown arrests cells in S/G2 phase. Overexpression of cytosolic Asf1 increases the levels of histone H3 and H4 acetylation. In contrast to cytosolic Asf1, overexpression of nuclear Asf1 causes less pronounced growth defects in parasites exposed to genotoxic agents, prompting a function in chromatin remodeling in response to DNA damage. Only the cytosolic Asf1 interacts with recombinant H3/H4 dimers in vitro. These findings denote the early appearance in evolution of distinguishable functions for the two Asf1 chaperons in trypanosomes.
    Keywords: Histone Chaperones -- Metabolism ; Protozoan Proteins -- Metabolism ; Trypanosoma Brucei Brucei -- Metabolism
    ISSN: 03051048
    E-ISSN: 1362-4962
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    Language: English
    In: Nucleic acids research, 2004, Vol.32(22), pp.6575-84
    Description: KU is a heterodimer, consisting of approximately 70 and approximately 80 kDa subunits (KU70 and KU80, respectively), which is involved in a variety of nuclear functions. We generated tbKU80-deficient trypanosomes to explore the potential role of the tbKU complex in telomere maintenance and transcriptional regulation of variant surface glycoprotein (VSG) genes in Trypanosoma brucei. Using real-time PCR, we demonstrated that the expression of several different VSG genes remains tightly regulated in tbKU80-deficient bloodstream-form cell lines, suggesting that VSG transcription profiles do not change in these cells. Owing to developmental silencing of the VSG Expression Sites (ES), no VSG is transcribed in the insect procyclic stage. With a green fluorescent protein reporter system, we showed that tbKU80-deficient mutants are fully capable of ES silencing after differentiation into procyclic forms. Using T7 RNA polymerase to explore the transcriptional accessibility of ES chromatin in vivo, we demonstrated that tbKU80-deficient bloodstream-form cells were able to generate transcriptionally repressed ES chromatin after differentiation into procyclic cells. Finally, we demonstrated progressive telomere shortening in tbKU80-deficient mutants. The possible function of tbKU80 in telomere maintenance and regulation of telomerase is discussed.
    Keywords: Gene Silencing ; Antigens, Nuclear -- Physiology ; DNA-Binding Proteins -- Physiology ; Telomere -- Metabolism ; Trypanosoma Brucei Brucei -- Genetics
    E-ISSN: 1362-4962
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. Further information can be found on the KOBV privacy pages