Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 2010, Vol.12(7), pp.1444-1452
A wedge-shaped amphiphilic molecule, 3,4,5-tridodecyloxycinnamic acid, was used as a model system to explore the role of different constitutive elements of the chemical structure in the formation of 2D and 3D self-assemblies. The polar heads forming cyclic hydrogen-bonded dimers determine the two largest unit cell parameters, which depend only slightly on the dimensionality of the system ( i.e. 2D versus 3D) and on the sample thermal history. By contrast, the structure of the alkyl side chains is very sensitive to the phase transformations, and is likely to be responsible for the rich polymorphic behaviour of the studied compound. Thus, in the monotropic SmC phase, the alkyl chains form a liquid-crystalline sub-lattice with hexagonal symmetry that can further crystallize either in a triclinic sub-cell (metastable crystalline phase) or in an orthorhombic sub-cell (stable crystalline phase). In 2D, at the interface with the graphite surface the molecular orientation is guided by the epitaxy. Although the largest lattice parameters are close to those in the bulk, the alkyl chains adopt a particular alternating orientation. In one molecule of the dimer, two alkyl chains have their molecular planes parallel to the substrate while the third chain is perpendicular to it, and the other way around for the other molecule of the dimer. To our knowledge, such alternating orientation of the alkyl chains in the monolayer is reported for the first time.
Kunststoff ; Selbstorganisation ; Werkstoffgefüge ; Modellierung ; Chemische Struktur ; Zweidimensionale Darstellung ; Dreidimensionale Abbildung ; Morphologie ; Dimer ; Chemistry;