Resuscitation, January 2012, Vol.83(1), pp.113-118
Successful resuscitation after cardiac arrest is typically associated with cerebral and myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-injury. Recently, we have demonstrated effects of therapeutic hypothermia (HT) and postconditioning with the volatile anesthetic sevoflurane (SEV) on I/R-mediated mechanisms in the heart and brain [Meybohm et al., PLoS One, 2009; Meybohm et al., Crit Care, 2010]. As the intestine is also highly susceptible to I/R-injury, we investigated the influence of HT and SEV on intestinal I/R-mediated events induced by cardiac arrest and successful resuscitation. Effects of I/R, HT (12 h, 33 °C) and a combination of HT with SEV (12 h, 2.0 vol%) were evaluated in a pig model of cardiac arrest and successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Western blotting, ELISA, caspase-3/7 assays, myeloperoxidase (MPO) quantifications and gelatine zymography were performed using intestinal tissue derived 24 h after return of spontaneous circulation. Compared to the normothermia control, HT and HT + SEV resulted in a significant increase in intestinal HIF-1α protein expression ( 〈 0.05). Tissue concentrations of IL-1β were significantly reduced in the HT and HT + SEV group ( 〈 0.05), whereas a reduction of IL-10 levels was only detected in the intestine of animals treated with HT + SEV ( 〈 0.05). A statistically significant increase of intestinal MPO activity was found in the HT + SEV group ( 〈 0.01). Activities of caspase-3 and 7 or matrixmetalloproteinase-2 were not changed in any of the groups investigated, the activity of matrixmetalloproteinase-9 was, however, significantly increased in the HT + SEV group ( 〈 0.05). HT and postconditioning with SEV influence the expression and activity of several small intestinal proteins that are possibly involved in intestinal I/R-mediated events following successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
Therapeutic Hypothermia ; Anesthetic Postconditioning ; Intestine ; Ischemia/Reperfusion ; Medicine
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