Rheumatology (Oxford, England), April 2014, Vol.53(4), pp.665-70
The aim of this study was to determine the short- and long-term efficacy and safety of 8-weekly canakinumab therapy in children with cryopyrin-associated periodic syndromes (CAPS) in routine clinical practice. A single-centre observational study was performed. Patients were assessed every 8 weeks at a dedicated clinic. Standardized assessments were the 10-domains DAS for CAPS, acute phase reactants (APRs), physician's global assessment of disease activity, Child Health Assessment Questionnaire (CHAQ) and Child Health Questionnaire Parent Form 28 (CHQPF-28). The primary endpoint was clinical improvement, defined as a reduction of DAS score 8 weeks after commencing therapy. Secondary endpoints included sustained clinical improvement in APRs, relapses, CHAQ score and CHQPF-28 score. Ten children with CAPS [eight Muckle-Wells syndrome (MWS), two chronic infantile cutaneous neurological articular (CINCA); median age 6.3 years] received 8-weekly canakinumab treatments at 2-8.7 mg/kg for a median of 21 months (range 12-31 months). Nine of 10 patients improved after the first dose: baseline median DAS of 7.5/20 decreased to 3.5/20 at 8 weeks (P = 0.04). This clinical improvement was sustained at a median follow-up of 21 months (range 12-31 months). Children with CINCA required higher doses of canakinumab than those with MWS. CHAQ and CHQ scores indicated improvement in functioning and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Treatment was well tolerated, with no injection site reactions and no serious infections. Canakinumab, although costly, is a safe and effective treatment for CAPS in children, leading to sustained improvement in disease activity, serological markers, functional ability and HRQoL.
Caps ; Cinca/Nomid ; Muckle-Wells ; Autoinflammatory ; Canakinumab ; Antibodies, Monoclonal -- Therapeutic Use ; Cryopyrin-Associated Periodic Syndromes -- Drug Therapy ; Interleukin-1beta -- Antagonists & Inhibitors
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