Kooperativer Bibliotheksverbund

Berlin Brandenburg

and
and

Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    Language: English
    In: Science of the Total Environment, 25 June 2019, Vol.671, pp.754-764
    Description: Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAH) ubiquitously occur in rivers and threaten the aquatic ecosystem. Understanding their fate and behaviour in rivers can help in improving management strategies. We develop a particle-facilitated transport model considering suspended sediments with sorbed PAH from different origins to investigate the turnover and legacy of sediment-bound PAH in the baseflow-dominated Ammer River in southwest Germany. Our model identifies the contributions of dissolved and particle-bound PAH during wet and dry periods to the annual load. The analysis of in-stream processes enables investigating the average turnover times of sediments and attached PAH for the main stem of the river. The legacy of sediment-bound PAH is studied by running the model assuming a 50% reduction in PAH emissions after the introduction of environmental regulation in the 1970s. Our results show that sediment-bound and dissolved PAH account for 75% and 25% of the annual PAH load, respectively. PAH are mainly emitted from urban areas that contribute over 74% to the total load. In steep reaches, the turnover times of sediments and attached PAH are similar, whereas they differ by 1–2 orders of magnitude in reaches with very mild slopes. Flow rates significantly affect PAH fluxes between the mobile water and the riverbed over the entire river. Total PAH fluxes from the river bed to the mobile water are simulated to occur when the discharge is larger than 5    . River segments with large sediment storage show a potential of PAH legacy, which may have caused a PAH release over 10–20 years after the implementation of environmental regulation. This study is useful for assessing environmental impacts of PAH in rivers (e.g., their contribution to the river-water toxicity) and exemplifies that the longitudinal distribution, turnover, and legacy potential of PAH in a river system require a mechanistic understanding of river hydraulics and sediment transport.
    Keywords: Particle-Facilitated Transport ; Pah ; Turnover ; Legacy ; Environmental Sciences ; Biology ; Public Health
    ISSN: 0048-9697
    E-ISSN: 1879-1026
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    Language: English
    In: Science of the Total Environment, 15 March 2019, Vol.656, pp.1250-1260
    Description: Interpreting the fate of wastewater contaminants in streams is difficult because their inputs vary in time and several processes synchronously affect reactive transport. We present a method to disentangle the various influences by performing a conservative-tracer test while sampling a stream section at various locations for chemical analysis of micropollutants. By comparing the outflow concentrations of contaminants with the tracer signal convoluted by the inflow time series, we estimated reaction rate coefficients and calculated the contaminant removal along a river section. The method was tested at River Steinlach, Germany, where 38 contaminants were monitored. Comparing day-time and night-time experiments allowed distinguishing photo-dependent degradation from other elimination processes. While photo-dependent degradation showed to be highly efficient for the removal of metroprolol, bisoprolol, and venlafaxine, its impact on contaminant removal was on a similar scale to the photo-independent processes when averaged over 24 h. For a selection of compounds analyzed in the present study, bio- and photodegradation were higher than in previous field studies. In the Steinlach study, we observed extraordinarily effective removal processes that may be due to the higher proportion of treated wastewater, temperature, DOC and nitrate concentrations, but also a higher surface to volume ratio from low flow conditions that favorizes photodegradation through the shallow water column and a larger transient storage than observed in comparable studies.
    Keywords: Micropollutants ; Transfer Function ; (de)Convolution ; Photodegradation ; Photo-Independent Degradation ; Environmental Sciences ; Biology ; Public Health
    ISSN: 0048-9697
    E-ISSN: 1879-1026
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    Language: English
    In: Science of the Total Environment, 15 April 2019, Vol.661, pp.778-778
    Keywords: Environmental Sciences ; Biology ; Public Health
    ISSN: 0048-9697
    E-ISSN: 1879-1026
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    Language: English
    In: Science of the Total Environment, 10 March 2019, Vol.655, pp.1062-1070
    Description: The estimation of gas-exchange rates between streams and the atmosphere is of great importance for the fate of volatile compounds in rivers. For dissolved oxygen, this exchange process is called reaeration, and its accurate and precise estimation is essential for the quantification of metabolic rates. A common method for the determination of gas-exchange rates is through artificial gas-tracer tests with a proxy gas. We present the implementation of a portable gas-equilibrium membrane inlet mass spectrometer (GE-MIMS) to record concentrations of krypton and propane injected as tracer compound in the context of a gas-tracer test. The field-compatible GE-MIMS uses signals of atmospheric measurements for concentration standardization, and allows recording the dissolved-gas concentrations at a high temporal resolution, leading to overall low measurement uncertainty. Furthermore, the approach avoids loss of gas during the steps of sampling, transport, storage, and analysis required for gas measurements. We compare obtained gas-exchange rate coefficients, reaeration and derived metabolic rates from the measurements to results obtained from head-space sampling of propane followed by laboratory analysis, and find much lower uncertainties with the method.
    Keywords: Krypton ; Gas Tracer ; Gas-Equilibrium Membrane-Inlet Mass Spectrometry ; Reaeration ; Stream Metabolism ; In-Situ Recording of Dissolved Gases ; Environmental Sciences ; Biology ; Public Health
    ISSN: 0048-9697
    E-ISSN: 1879-1026
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. Further information can be found on the KOBV privacy pages