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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: Tourism Management, December 2012, Vol.33(6), pp.1398-1407
    Description: The study of constraints in the leisure and tourism context has been a growing research theme during the past four decades. This article focused on participants' constraints that inhibit an experience of Chinese calligraphic landscapes. The purpose of this study was to determine whether three types of constraints existed in the context of a calligraphic landscape experience. A confirmatory factor analysis confirmed the fitness of the collected data for the hierarchical constraints model. This study also extended this hierarchical model to prove that some constraint dimensions do influence tourists' preference, participation and satisfaction. This research concluded that intrapersonal constraints had a negative influence on preference, while neither interpersonal nor structural dimension influenced tourists' participation or satisfaction. ► Our study focuses on the special culture landscape: Chinese calligraphic landscape. ► Constraints to calligraphic landscape experience is defined. ► We developed a measurement scale of constraints in such context. ► The hierarchical structure of constraints is confirmed in such context. ► Constraints do not all affect preference, participation and satisfaction.
    Keywords: Calligraphic Landscape ; Constraints ; Preference ; Participation ; Satisfaction ; Geography ; Business
    ISSN: 0261-5177
    E-ISSN: 1879-3193
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: Tourism Management, June 2016, Vol.54, pp.452-464
    Description: Laden with assorted emotional factors, dark tourism behaviors are heavily influenced by emotion-related factors, such as intrapersonal constraints. By deploying a survey of tourists visiting the Memorial of the Victims of the Nanjing Massacre, which lies on the darkest edges of the dark tourism spectrum, this study probes how well one's intrapersonal constraints and past experiences relate to one's revisit intention. Results indicate that there are four sub-dimensions in intrapersonal constraints, namely culture, emotion, escape, and incuriousness. The cognitive experiences have significantly positive effects on the revisit intention either through direct effects or via the mediating variables of intrapersonal constraints, while intrapersonal constraints play an indirect-only mediating role in the relationship between affective experiences and revisit intentions. Theoretical and practical contributions of the study findings are discussed within the realm of dark tourism.
    Keywords: Dark Tourism ; Past Experience ; Intrapersonal Constraints ; Revisit Intention ; Geography ; Business
    ISSN: 0261-5177
    E-ISSN: 1879-3193
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: Tourism Management, August 2018, Vol.67, pp.59-70
    Description: It is nearly always implicitly assumed that authenticity is a positive trait, as opposed to the fake or the plastic. As opposed to allegedly positive authenticity, negative authenticity is something that is authentic but which tourists and residents consider not valuable enough to be preserved. However, researchers rarely pay attention to it, and there remains a lack of theoretical recognition and in-depth understanding of it. Using the case of China's ancient towns of Zhouzhuang and Tongli, this article aims to empirically verify negative authenticity and validate its dimensions on the consensus of tourists and residents through a mixed-method design. Based on interviews, this paper further analyzed the formation mechanism of negative authenticity. We found that the values of modern civilisation play a key role in the constructive process of negative authenticity. The findings further clarify the position of negative authenticity in the theoretical system and indicate its application value.
    Keywords: Authenticity ; Negative ; Construction ; Mixed-Methods ; Tourist ; Resident ; Geography ; Business
    ISSN: 0261-5177
    E-ISSN: 1879-3193
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  • 4
    Language: English
    In: Tourism Management, August 2019, Vol.73, pp.105-114
    Description: Search engines have become the main sources for tourists to obtain trip- and destination-related information, and valuable data sources for marketers to better understand the spatial-temporal patterns of tourist online search behaviours across cities. This paper utilises co-integration and Granger causality tests, taking Tianmu Lake as an example, to examine the relationship between daily tourist arrivals and search indexes from 13 cites. It further tests their spatial and temporal correlations using the impulse function in a vector auto-regressive model. Our findings are as follows. First, a long-term equilibrium relationship exists between the daily number of tourists and search volume index (SVI), with the SVI Granger causing tourist arrivals. Second, SVI is a useful predictor of tourist flows 1–2 days prior to visits for cities within 100 km driving distance, and the lag period of response increases as distance increases. Finally, SVI and tourist volume are inversely proportional to distance, while travel information demand is directly proportional.
    Keywords: Tourism Information Search ; Search Engine ; Tourist Flow ; Tourist Marketing ; Var ; Big Data ; Geography ; Business
    ISSN: 0261-5177
    E-ISSN: 1879-3193
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