Vadose Zone Journal, 2016, Vol.15(7), p.0
A dynamic tension-controlled bottom boundary of lysimeters allows observing water and matter fluxes in lysimeters that are close to natural field conditions, as pressure heads at the lysimeter bottom are adjusted to measured pressure heads at the same depth in the surrounding field. However lysimeters are often transferred from their sampling location for practical reasons or to study, for example, the effect of climate change on soil functions. This transfer can be accompanied by a change aboveground but also in subsurface conditions that are used to control the bottom boundary and that may affect the soil water balance of lysimeters. This issue is also relevant for lysimeter stations which use a tension-controlled bottom boundary and are not directly installed near the site of excavation. The potential impact of different bottom boundary conditions on the water balance of lysimeters that were transferred in a climate impact experiment (SOILCan) was investigated exemplarily by a numerical study. Results showed that by using nonappropriate pressure heads, which were measured in soil profiles with a different texture and water table depth than the profile where the lysimeter was taken from, had partially large impacts on soil water fluxes, especially when the water table was located within a specific critical range. Different climate conditions between sampling and installation site were buffered by the soil and did not show a strong influence on the bottom boundary control of lysimeters when the groundwater table depth was assumed to remain constant. Considering a change in groundwater table depths due to changing climate tempered the effects of climate change on the soil water balance terms. In general, results demonstrate the importance of a proper control of the lysimeters bottom boundary conditions in studies that investigate the influence of climate change on soil functions and ecosystem variables by transferring lysimeter along climate gradients.
Water Balance ; Climate Change ; Soils ; Water Table ; Climate Change ; Climates ; Pressure Head ; Water Depth ; Boundaries ; Lysimeters ; Sampling ; Soil Water ; Groundwater ; Methods and Instruments ; General ; Bl, Bad Lauchstaedt ; Dd, Dedelow ; Eta, Evapotranspiration ; Etp, Potential Evapotranspiration ; Lai, Leaf Area Index ; Sb, Sauerbach ; Se, Selhausen;
Vadose Zone Journal