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  • 1
    Language: German
    Description: This dissertation thesis discusses questions related to the representation of power in the archaeological record of the ancient Near East. The analysis offered here will focus on how power and power structures are created by analyzing on the one hand images on cylinder seals from the Late Uruk-Period at the end of the 4th millennium BCE, and on the other hand the finds from the Early Dynastic Royal Cemetery of Ur dating roughly to the middle of the 3rd millennium BCE. In particular, this analysis will focus on the ways in which hierarchical structures are established, maintained, and transmitted from the perspective of power and gender. The first part contains a detailed analysis of Late Uruk cylinder seals in order to show how power and domination is created through ideas that are represented on these images. This analysis is based on the hypothesis that Late Uruk-Period images are a visual archive of Mesopotamian ideas on the relationship between domination and the dominated, and that this imagery of power established patterns that are still visible today. I shall argue that these representations are an embodiment of political and social aspects of power and powerlessness, and that the bodies that are represented on these seals validate and give meaning to social and political order and organizations. My analysis includes a study of the positions that women held within these power constellations during the Late Uruk- and Early Dynastic Periods with the objective of deconstructing our own notions of power and, ultimately, of deconstructing our notions of history as an aspect of male ways of existence. The second part of this thesis is concerned with why and how power was created within the framework of the formation of city-states. Burials that accompany the royal tombs lead to questions regarding the relationship between perpetrators and victims within the context of the state. In this context, I discuss the ways in which modern scholars give meaning to the historical processes that led to the supposed human sacrifices in the Royal Cemetery of Ur. The (still contested) identities and social ranks of the skeletons interred in the Royal Tombs and the accompanying burials are determined by interpreting the goods that were placed within the tombs. The objective here is to show that there is a relationship between power, gender, and objects within the context of the Royal Cemetery of Ur. A detailed analysis of the inventories of the Royal Tombs and certain “private” burials will reconstruct the social rules and social classifications in Early Dynastic Ur and recreate the political paradigm within which these rules and classifications were embedded. The findings of the Royal Cemetery of Ur illustrate at least one aspect: human existence is always social as well as bodily, but also reified. How goods are distributed within a society is therefore not a political effect but an expression of a production of political structures. The distribution of goods is not only a reflection of poverty and plenty in the economic sense but also offers a possibility to express identity, action, and knowledge, which determine the identities and social participation of people.
    Keywords: 953 General History Of Asia; Arabian Peninsula And Adjacent Areas ; Ddc:953 ; 953 Geschichte Der Arabischen Halbinsel Und Benachbarter Gebiete ; 709 Histor., Geogr., Personenbezogene Behandlung Der Bildenden Kunst Und Des Kunsthandwerks ; 709 Historical, Areas, Persons Treatment ; Ddc:709 ; Macht ; Herrschaft ; Gender ; Vorderer Orient ; Königsfriedhof Von Ur ; Glyptik ; Urukzeit ; Frühdynastikum ; Body Politics
    Source: Freie Universitat Berlin
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  • 2
    Book
    Book
    Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
    Language: English
    Description: Since the publication of the first edition the number of GSM subscribers has exploded and it is now deployed in more than 140 countries worldwide. Revised and updated "GSM Switching, Services, and Protocols" now features the abundant new services and applications that GSM can provide. By focusing on the fundamentals of the mobile radio systems, it provides an excellent introductory insight to the whole area of GSM cellular radio. By providing an easy-to-follow instructive text, this second edition will have insight appeal to telecommunication engineers, researchers, adn developers. The highly graphical approach and numerous illustrations will also make it an indispensable reference for senior undergraduates and postgraduates in electrical and computer engineering. It details the GSM phase 2+ services, including new data and speech services and service platforms, such as AMR, ASCI, CAMEL and EFR. -- This work: features a brand new chapter on General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) -- contains a completely revised and expanded chapter 'GSM - The story goes on' -- presents new sections on Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) and the migration to UMTS -- and includes expanded and updated chapters on Logical Channels and Channel Coding..
    Keywords: Global system for mobile communications; Mobile communication systems; Wireless communication systems;
    ISBN: 9780471499039
    ISBN: 047149903X
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  • 3
    Language: German
    In: Informationstechnik,
    Description: Das Mobilfunksystem GSM (Global System for Mobile Communication) wurde von Anfang an sehr erfolgreich in ganz Europa und auch in vielen außereuropäischen Ländern eingesetzt. Es ist mittlerweile zu einem wirklich globalen System herangewachsen - der GSM-Anteil am Weltmarkt der digitalen Mobilfunksysteme betrug Ende 1998 über 60% und die Teilnehmerzahlen hatten sich innerhalb eines Jahres verdoppelt. Das Buch stellt auf der Grundlage der europäischen GSM-Standards die technischen Grundlagen und die Systemarchitektur von GSM vor. Dabei liegen die Schwerpunkte auf der Darstellung der Protokolle, der Mobilvermittlungstechnik und der Dienstrealisierung. Die wichtigsten Prinzipien der GSM-Übertragungstechnik werden ebenfalls behandelt. Die erweiterte und aktualisierte Neuauflage enthält zusätzlich vor allem eine ausführliche Beschreibung des General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) und einen aktuellen Überblick zum Stand der Entwicklung der dritten Mobilfunkgeneration UMTS/IMT-2000. Angesprochen sind Studierende der Elektrotechnik, Informationstechnik und Informatik von Universitäten und Fachhochschulen, Anwender und Praktiker aus der Industrie, von Netzbetreibern und aus der Forschung, die sich einen fundierten Einblick in die Funktionsweise des komplexen Systems GSM verschaffen wollen und vor allem am Zusammenspiel der verschiedenen Funktionen interessiert sind. Für dieses Werk stehen unter einem Link auf der Homepage des Buches (http://www.lkn.ei.tum.de/gsm_buch/errata_Aufl2.html) Errata-Webseiten zur Verfügung.
    Keywords: Engineering ; Engineering ; Engineering, General ; Engineering
    ISBN: 9783322918581
    ISBN: 3322918580
    ISBN: 9783322940636
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  • 4
    Language: German
    In: Angewandte Chemie, 01 March 1999, Vol.111(5), pp.699-702
    Description: ermöglichte die Immobilisierung einer Peptid‐Erkennungsstelle über ein Templat auf einer Goldoberfläche. Jeder der sieben Einzelschritte einschließlich der abschließenden funktionalen biomolekularen Erkennung wurde in situ durch oberflächensensitive Techniken kontrolliert. Die hier vorgestellte Strategie ist von allgemeiner Bedeutung für die Bildung komplexer supramolekularer Strukturen mit biologisch interessanten Funktionalitäten an Grenzflächen.
    Keywords: Dünne Filme ; Ir‐Spektroskopie ; Molekulare Erkennung ; Oberflächenchemie ; Templatsynthesen
    ISSN: 0044-8249
    E-ISSN: 1521-3757
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  • 5
    Language: German
    In: Medizinische Klinik, 1997, Vol.92(7), pp.410-414
    Description: Die Anwendung hämatopoetischer Wachstumsfaktoren und die Retransfusion patienteneigener, aus dem Blut gewonnener peripherer Blutstammzellen (PBSZ) hat in den letzten Jahren die Option zur Durchführung einer Hochdosischemotherapie (HDT) auch bei fortgeschrittenen soliden Tumoren ermöglicht. Da mit der Transfusion von peripheren Blutstammzellen die Myelosuppression beherrschbar wurde, bestimmt die nichthämatologische Toxizität den Grad der Dosiseskalation.In der Regel wurden Hochdosischemotherapien nach vorausgegangener dosisintensivierter Chemotherapie durchgeführt. Durch die vorgeschaltete Chemotherapie soll einerseits die Chemosensibilität der Tumorerkrankung nachgewiesen und andererseits eine Stammzellmobilisierung bewirkt werden. Früher wurde die Hochdosischemotherapie durch eine autologe Knochenmarktransplantation (AKMT), heute fast ausnahmslos durch die Retransfusion von peripheren Blutstammzellen als spezifische Supportivmaßnahme begleitet. Die peripheren Blutstammzellen werden durch die Apherese der mononukleären Zellfraktion am Zellseparator gesammelt.Nennenswerte Erfahrungen mit der Hochdosischemotherapie beim Erwachsenen liegen für das Mamma-, Hoden-, Ovarial-, kleinzellige Bronchialkarzinom (SCLC), Melanom, Glioblastom und Weichgewebssarkom vor. Die Studien belegen die Durchführbarkeit und Effektivität der Hochdosischemotherapie bei tolerabler Toxizität.Die Hochdosischemotherapie wird zukünftig eine zunehmende Bedeutung in dem primären Chemotherapiekonzept von soliden Tumoren bekommen.The availability of hemopoetic growth factors and the retransfusion of autologous peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) have enabled high-dose chemotherapy (HDT) options for the treatment of advanced solid tumours, during recent years. Though the transfusion of PBSC can manage the myelosuppression, dose-escalation ist still limited by non-haematological toxicity.Usually, HDT has been given after a preceeding dose-intense chemotherapy that allowed the evaluation of chemosensitivity of the disease and resulted in a stem cell mobilization into the peripheral blood. The autologous bone marrow transplantation has almost completely been replaced by retransfusion of PBSC together with hemopoetic growth factors as specific supportive treatment. The PBSC are harvested by apheresis using a blood cell separator.Results on the efficacy of HDT are available for breast, testicular, ovarian, small cell lung cancer as well as melanoma, glioblastoma and soft-tissue sarcoma. The studies showed the feasibility and efficacy of HDT with tolerable toxicity.High-dose chemotherapy will be of increasing importance in the treatment strategies of primary solid tumors, in the near future.
    Keywords: High-dose chemotherapy ; Peripheral blood stem cells ; Solid tumors
    ISSN: 0723-5003
    E-ISSN: 1615-6722
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