A 213 nm laser beam is capable of single photon ablative photodecomposition for the removal of a polymer or biological material substrate. Breaking the molecular bonds and displacing the molecules away from the substrate in a very short time period results in most of the laser photon energy being carried away by the displaced molecules, thus minimizing thermal damage to the substrate. The incident laser beam may be unfocused and is preferably produced by quintupling the 1,064 nm radiation from a Nd:YAG solid state laser, i.e., at 213 nm. In one application, the 213 nm laser beam is expanded in cross section and directed through a plurality of small beta barium borate (BBO) crystals for increasing the energy per photon of the laser radiation directed onto the substrate. The BBO crystals are arranged in a crystal matrix array to provide a large laser beam transmission area capable of accommodating high energy laser radiation without damaging the BBO crystals. The BBO crystal matrix array may also be used with 266 nm laser radiation for carrying out single or multi photon ablative photodecomposition. The BBO crystal matrix array may also be used in an optical parametric oscillator mode to generate high power tunable laser radiation in the range of 210--400 nm.
Engineering ; Energy Conservation, Consumption, And Utilization ; Radiology And Nuclear Medicine ; Laser Radiation ; Frequency Mixing ; Neodymium Lasers ; Ablation ; Uses ; Surgery ; Industry ; Frequency Converters ; Borates ; Barium Compounds ; Engineering
SciTech Connect (U.S. Dept. of Energy - Office of Scientific and Technical Information)
View record in SciTech Connect