Visual traces of iron reduction and oxidation are linked to the redox status of soils and have been used to characterise the quality of agricultural soils.We tested whether this feature could also be used to explain the spatial pattern of the natural vegetation of tidal habitats. If so, an easy assessment of the effect of rising sea level on tidal ecosystems would be possible. Our study was conducted at the salt marshes of the northern lagoon of Venice, which are strongly threatened by erosion and rising sea level and are part of the world heritage 'Venice and its lagoon'. We analysed the abundance of plant species at 255 sampling points along a land-sea gradient. In addition, we surveyed the redox morphology (presence/absence of red iron oxide mottles in the greyish topsoil horizons) of the soils and the presence of disturbances. We used indicator species analysis, correlation trees and multivariate regression trees to analyse relations between soil properties and plant species distribution. Plant species with known sensitivity to anaerobic conditions (e.g. Halimione portulacoides) were identified as indicators for oxic soils (showing iron oxide mottles within a greyish soil matrix). Plant species that tolerate a low redox potential (e.g. Spartina maritima) were...
Event Label ; Latitude Of Event ; Longitude Of Event ; Environment ; Horizon ; Depth, Sediment/Rock ; Depth, Top/Min ; Depth, Bottom/Max ; Ph ; Salinity ; Carbon In Carbonate ; Carbon, Organic, Total ; Nitrogen, Total ; Carbon/Nitrogen Ratio ; Sulfur, Total ; Sodium ; Potassium ; Magnesium ; Calcium ; Cation Exchange Capacity ; Iron Oxides
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