Kooperativer Bibliotheksverbund

Berlin Brandenburg

and
and

Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    Language: English
    In: Antiviral Research, 2001, Vol.49(3), pp.129-145
    Description: The replication cycle of the human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is characterized by the expression of immediate early (IE), early (E), and late (L) gene regions. Current antiviral strategies are directed against the viral DNA polymerase expressed during the early phase of infection. The regulation of the IE-1 and IE-2 gene expression is the key to latency and active replication due to their transactivating and repressing functions. There is growing evidence that the pathogenic features of HCMV are largely due to the abilities of IE-1 and IE-2 to transactivate cellular genes. Consequently, current drugs used to inhibit HCMV infection would have no impact on IE-1 and IE-2-induced effects that are produced before the early phase. Moreover, when HCMV DNA replication is inhibited, IE gene products accumulate in infected cells causing disturbances of host cell functions. This review summarizes the biological functions of HCMV-IE gene expression, their relevance in pathogenesis, as well as efforts to develop novel treatment strategies directed against HCMV-IE expression.
    Keywords: Cytomegalovirus ; Immediate Early Gene Expression ; Immunopathomechanisms ; Antiviral Therapy ; Medicine ; Biology
    ISSN: 0166-3542
    E-ISSN: 1872-9096
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    Language: English
    In: Medicinal Research Reviews, March 2005, Vol.25(2), pp.167-185
    Description: It has been known for a long time that cytomegalovirus (CMV) has evolved mechanisms that allow the escape from the host immune surveillance. In the past, many efforts have been done to elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying this virus‐mediated immune escape and thus virus persistence. However, it is unknown, whether CMV may also impair immune responses directed against tumor cells. This might have severe consequences on tumor progression and may explain the growing evidence for CMV‐mediated oncomodulation. This review summarizes recent work on CMV‐mediated immune escape mechanisms of tumor cells and oncomodulation and proposes novel aspects that may be important for understanding the CMV‐associated tumor progression. © 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Keywords: Human Cytomegalovirus Hcmv ; Oncomodulation ; Tumor ; Dna‐Virus ; Apoptosis ; Angiogenesis
    ISSN: 0198-6325
    E-ISSN: 1098-1128
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    Language: English
    In: Expert Opinion on Biological Therapy, 01 June 2004, Vol.4(6), pp.827-836
    Description: Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is caused by the SARS coronavirus (SCV). The disease appeared in the Guandong province of southern China in 2002. The epidemic affected 〉 8422 patients and caused 908 deaths in 29 countries on 5 continents. Several treatment modalities were tried with limited success to treat SARS and a variety of experimental drugs are under development. Type I interferons (IFNs-α/β) were suggested as potential candidates to treat SARS. Several animal and human coronaviruses, including SCV, were shown to be sensitive to IFNs both in vitro and in vivo. A pilot clinical report showed effectiveness of IFN-α for the treatment of SARS patients. This review summarises antiviral activities of IFNs with special regard to SARS, and reviews the published clinical and experimental data describing the use of IFNs for SARS.
    Keywords: Interferon ; Sars ; Sars Coronavirus ; Pharmacy, Therapeutics, & Pharmacology
    ISSN: 1471-2598
    E-ISSN: 1744-7682
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    In: FEMS Microbiology Reviews, February 2004, Vol.28(1), pp.59-77
    Description: A high frequency of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) genome and antigens in tumor samples of patients with different malignancies is now well documented, although the causative role for HCMV in the development of the neoplasias remains to be established. HCMV infection can modulate multiple cellular regulatory and signalling pathways in a manner similar to that of oncoproteins of small DNA tumor viruses such as human papilloma virus or adenoviruses. However, in contrast to these DNA tumor viruses, HCMV infection fails to transform susceptible normal human cells. There is now growing evidence that tumor cells with disrupted regulatory and signalling pathways enable HCMV to modulate their properties including stimulation of cell proliferation, survival, invasion, production of angiogenic factors, and immunogenic properties. In contrast to previously suggested “hit and run” transformation we suggest that persistence in tumor cells is essential for HCMV to fully express its oncomodulatory effects. These effects are observed particularly in persistent HCMV infection and are mediated mainly by activity of HCMV regulatory proteins. In persistently HCMV‐infected tumor cell lines – a selection of novel, slowly growing virus variants with changes in coding sequences for virus regulatory proteins takes place. As a result, oncomodulatory effects of HCMV infection may lead to a shift to more malignant phenotype of tumor cells contributing to tumor progression.
    Keywords: Human Cytomegalovirus ; Oncomodulation ; Tumor ; Dna‐Virus ; Apoptosis ; Angiogenesis
    ISSN: 0168-6445
    E-ISSN: 1574-6976
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. Further information can be found on the KOBV privacy pages