Kooperativer Bibliotheksverbund

Berlin Brandenburg

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  • Antineoplastic Agents
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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: PLoS ONE, 01 January 2017, Vol.12(7), p.e0181081
    Description: The efficacy of cisplatin-based chemotherapy in cancer is limited by the occurrence of innate and acquired drug resistance. In order to better understand the mechanisms underlying acquired cisplatin resistance, we have compared the adenocarcinoma-derived non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell...
    Keywords: Sciences (General)
    E-ISSN: 1932-6203
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: International journal of clinical pharmacology and therapeutics, August 2017, Vol.55(8), pp.686-689
    Keywords: Antineoplastic Agents -- Therapeutic Use ; Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung -- Drug Therapy ; Cisplatin -- Therapeutic Use
    ISSN: 0946-1965
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 01 March 2018, Vol.19(3), p.767
    Description: The major obstacle in the clinical use of the antitumor drug cisplatin is inherent and acquired resistance. Typically, cisplatin resistance is not restricted to a single mechanism demanding for a systems pharmacology approach to understand a whole cell’s reaction to the drug. In this study,...
    Keywords: Cisplatin Resistance ; Cellular Signalling ; Hras ; P38 ; Ccl2 ; Dok1 ; Ptk2b ; Jnk3 ; Biology
    E-ISSN: 1422-0067
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  • 4
    Language: English
    In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 06 February 2007, Vol.104(6), pp.1943-6
    Description: Antagonists of growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) are being developed for the treatment of various cancers. In this study, we investigated the effectiveness of treatment with GHRH antagonist JMR-132 alone and in combination with docetaxel chemotherapy in nude mice bearing MX-1 human breast cancers. Specific high-affinity binding sites for GHRH were found on MX-1 tumor membranes using ligand competition assays with (125)I-labeled GHRH antagonist JV-1-42. JMR-132 displaced radiolabeled JV-1-42 with an IC(50) of 0.14 nM, indicating a high affinity of JMR-132 to GHRH receptors. Treatment of nude mice bearing xenografts of MX-1 with JMR-132 at 10 microg per day s.c. for 22 days significantly (P 〈 0.05) inhibited tumor volume by 62.9% and tumor weight by 47.8%. Docetaxel given twice at a dose of 20 mg/kg i.p. significantly reduced tumor volume and weight by 74.1% and 58.6%, respectively. Combination treatment with JMR-132 (10 microg/day) and docetaxel (20 mg/kg i.p.) led to growth arrest of most tumors as shown by an inhibition of tumor volume and weight by 97.7% and 95.6%, respectively (P 〈 0.001). Because no vital cancer cells were detected in some of the excised tumors, a total regression of the tumors was achieved in some cases. Treatment with JMR-132 also strongly reduced the concentration of EGF receptors in MX-1 tumors. Our results demonstrate that GHRH antagonists might provide a therapy for breast cancer and could be combined with docetaxel chemotherapy to enhance the efficacy of treatment.
    Keywords: Antineoplastic Agents -- Pharmacology ; Growth Hormone-Releasing Hormone -- Antagonists & Inhibitors ; Mammary Neoplasms, Experimental -- Prevention & Control ; Taxoids -- Pharmacology
    ISSN: 0027-8424
    E-ISSN: 10916490
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  • 5
    Language: English
    In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 05 July 2006, Vol.103(27), pp.10403-10407
    Description: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of treatment of experimental ovarian cancers with targeted cytotoxic analogs as single compounds and in combination. Targeted cytotoxic analogs of bombesin (AN-215), somatostatin (AN-238), and luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (AN-207) consisted of 2-pyrrolinodoxorubicin (AN-201) linked to the respective peptide carrier. AN-238 at 200 nmol/kg significantly inhibited growth of UCI-107, ES-2 and OV-1063 ovarian cancers. AN-215 alone at 200 nmol/kg and its combination with AN-238 at one-half of the dose were also able to inhibit the growth of UCI-107 tumors. A combination of AN-238 with AN-207at 50% of the dose strongly suppressed the proliferation of ES-2 and OV-1063 ovarian tumors. Cytotoxic radical AN-201 was toxic and had no significant effect on tumor growth. In contrast, the toxicity of the conjugated peptide analogs was low. Because ovarian cancers tend to acquire chemoresistance, we used real-time PCR to measure the mRNA expression of multidrug resistance protein 1, multidrug resistance-related protein 1, and breast cancer resistance protein after treatment. Low or no induction of multidrug resistance protein 1, multidrug resistance-related protein, and breast cancer resistance protein occurred after treatment with AN-238, AN-215, and the combination of AN-238 with AN-207 or AN-215. These results demonstrate that a therapy with cytotoxic analogs such as single agents and combinations is effective and nontoxic. Our work suggests that cytotoxic peptide analogs of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone, somatostatin, and bombesin could be used for the therapy of ovarian cancers, considering the lack of induction of chemoresistance.
    Keywords: Antineoplastic Agents -- Pharmacology ; Bombesin -- Therapeutic Use ; Lutein -- Chemistry ; Ovarian Neoplasms -- Drug Therapy ; Somatostatin -- Therapeutic Use
    ISSN: 0027-8424
    E-ISSN: 10916490
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  • 6
    Language: English
    In: BMC cancer, 19 November 2014, Vol.14, pp.847
    Description: Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a distinct subtype of breast cancer burdened with a dismal prognosis due to the lack of effective therapeutic agents. Receptors for LHRH (luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone) can be successfully targeted with AEZS-108 [AN-152], an analog of LHRH conjugated to doxorubicin. Our study evaluates the presence of this target LHRH receptor in human specimens of TNBC and investigates the efficacy and toxicity of AEZS-108 in vivo. We also studied in vitro activity of AEZS-125, a new LHRH analog conjugated with the highly potent natural compound, Disorazol Z. 69 human surgical specimens of TNBC were investigated for LHRH-R expression by immunohistochemistry. Expression of LHRH-R in two TNBC cell lines was evaluated by real time RT-PCR. Cytotoxicity of AEZS-125 was evaluated by Cell Titer Blue cytoxicity assay. LHRH- receptor expression was silenced with an siRNA in both cell lines. For the in vivo experiments an athymic nude mice model xenotransplanted with the cell lines, MDA-MB-231 and HCC 1806, was used. The animals were randomised to three groups receiving solvent only (d 1, 7, 14, i.v.) for control, AEZS-108 (d 1, 7, 14, i.v.) or doxorubicin at an equimolar dose (d 1, 7, 14, i.v.). In human clinical specimens of TNBC, expression of the LHRH-receptor was present in 49% (n = 69).HCC 1806 and MDA-MB-231 TNBC cells expressed mRNA for the LHRH-receptor. Silencing of the LHRH-receptor significantly decreased the cytotoxic effect of AEZS-108. MDA-MB-231 and HCC 1806 tumors xenografted into nude mice were significantly inhibited by treatment with AEZS-108; doxorubicin at equimolar doses was ineffective.As compared to AEZS 108, the Disorazol Z - LHRH conjugate, AEZS-125, demonstrated an increased cytotoxicity in vitro in HCC 1806 and MDA-MB-231 TNBC; this was diminished by receptor blockade with synthetic LHRH agonist (triptorelin) pretreatment. The current study confirms that LHRH-receptors are expressed by a significant proportion of TNBC and can be successfully used as homing sites for cytotoxic analogs of LHRH, such as AEZS-108 and AEZS-125.
    Keywords: Antineoplastic Agents -- Administration & Dosage ; Doxorubicin -- Analogs & Derivatives ; Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone -- Analogs & Derivatives ; Oxazoles -- Administration & Dosage ; Receptors, Lhrh -- Metabolism ; Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms -- Drug Therapy
    E-ISSN: 1471-2407
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  • 7
    In: EMBO Molecular Medicine, August 2016, Vol.8(8), pp.851-862
    Description: The mitotic spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) maintains genome stability and marks an important target for antineoplastic therapies. However, it has remained unclear how cells execute cell fate decisions under conditions of SAC‐induced mitotic arrest. Here, we identify USP9X as the mitotic deubiquitinase of the X‐linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP) and demonstrate that deubiquitylation and stabilization of XIAP by USP9X lead to increased resistance toward mitotic spindle poisons. We find that primary human aggressive B‐cell lymphoma samples exhibit high USP9X expression that correlate with XIAP overexpression. We show that high USP9X/XIAP expression is associated with shorter event‐free survival in patients treated with spindle poison‐containing chemotherapy. Accordingly, aggressive B‐cell lymphoma lines with USP9X and associated XIAP overexpression exhibit increased chemoresistance, reversed by specific inhibition of either USP9X or XIAP. Moreover, knockdown of USP9X or XIAP significantly delays lymphoma development and increases sensitivity to spindle poisons in a murine Eμ‐Myc lymphoma model. Together, we specify the USP9X–XIAP axis as a regulator of the mitotic cell fate decision and propose that USP9X and XIAP are potential prognostic biomarkers and therapeutic targets in aggressive B‐cell lymphoma. 9X deubiquitylates and stabilizes anti‐apoptotic protein and promotes mitotic survival. Overexpression of 9X/ confers chemotherapy resistance and associates with decreased survival in aggressive B‐cell lymphoma patients. USP9X deubiquitylates and stabilizes XIAP in mitosis The USP9X‐XIAP pathway promotes mitotic survival USP9X and XIAP are overexpressed in Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma (DLBCL) The USP9X‐XIAP axis promotes lymphoma growth and resistance to spindle poisons Overexpression of USP9X and XIAP associates with chemotherapy resistance in DLBCL patients USP9X deubiquitylates and stabilizes anti‐apoptotic protein XIAP and promotes mitotic survival. Overexpression of USP9X/XIAP confers chemotherapy resistance and associates with decreased survival in aggressive B‐cell lymphoma patients.
    Keywords: B‐Cell Lymphoma ; Mitosis ; Ubiquitin ; Usp 9x ; Xiap
    ISSN: 1757-4676
    E-ISSN: 1757-4684
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  • 8
    Language: English
    In: Oncology Reports, November 2008, Vol.20(5), pp.1289-1294
    Description: GHRH antagonists have been shown to inhibit growth of various human cancer cell lines xenografted into nude mice including estrogen receptor negative human breast cancers. Previous observations also suggest that GHRH locally produced in diverse neoplasms including breast cancer might directly affect proliferation of tumor cells. In the present study we demonstrate that a novel highly potent GHRH antagonist JMR-132 strongly inhibits the proliferation of both estrogen receptor negative SKBR 3 and estrogen receptor positive ZR 75 human breast cancer cell lines in vitro. The proliferation in vitro of ZR 75 and SKBR 3 was increased after direct stimulation with GHRH(1-29)NH2. The GHRH antagonist JMR-132 had a significant antiproliferative activity in the absence of GHRH and nullified the proliferative effect of GHRH in these cell lines. SKBR 3 and ZR 75 expressed the GHRH ligand as well as the pituitary type of GHRH-receptor, which likely appears to mediate the antiproliferative mechanisms in these cell lines. These in vitro results suggest that JMR-132 is a potent inhibitor of breast cancer growth, independent of the estrogen receptor status. Further investigations on the combination treatment with endocrine agents affecting the estrogen pathway and GRHR antagonists are needed in order to improve the treatment of breast cancer.
    Keywords: Medicine;
    ISSN: 1021-335X
    E-ISSN: 17912431
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