Marine Environmental Research, 2011, Vol.71(1), pp.70-78
Female and male individuals of the same species often differ with respect to their susceptibility to toxicant stress. In the present study, sea urchins ( ) of both sexes were exposed to high (150 μg L ) and environmentally relevant (5 μg L ) concentrations of phenanthrene over 10 days. While food intake was significantly decreased following exposure to 150 μg L phenanthrene, histological indices (lipofuscin accumulation, fibrosis, oocyte atresia), energetic status (energy charge, sum adenylates, AMP/ATP ratio) as well as ascorbate levels in the gonads showed either little or no effect upon phenanthrene exposure. However, most parameters (vitamin C, energy charge, sum adenylates, AMP/ATP ratio, ATP and ADP concentrations, lipofuscin content, fibrosis) significantly differed between male and female animals. This study illustrates the difficulties to identify toxic injury in reproductive tissue as it may be superimposed by gametogenesis and spawning of gametes.
Sea Urchin ; Gonad ; Lipofuscin ; Energy Charge ; Phenanthrene ; Ascorbate ; Sex-Specific Differences ; ATP ; ATP/Amp Ratio ; Gametogenesis ; Environmental Sciences ; Biology ; Oceanography ; Ecology
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