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  • DNA
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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 18 November 2008, Vol.105(46), pp.17626-31
    Description: Mimicking nature is both a key goal and a difficult challenge for the scientific enterprise. DNA, well known as the genetic-information carrier in nature, can be replicated efficiently in living cells. Today, despite the dramatic evolution of DNA nanotechnology, a versatile method that replicates artificial DNA nanostructures with complex secondary structures remains an appealing target. Previous success in replicating DNA nanostructures enzymatically in vitro suggests that a possible solution could be cloning these nanostructures by using viruses. Here, we report a system where a single-stranded DNA nanostructure (Holliday junction or paranemic cross-over DNA) is inserted into a phagemid, transformed into XL1-Blue cells and amplified in vivo in the presence of helper phages. High copy numbers of cloned nanostructures can be obtained readily by using standard molecular biology techniques. Correct replication is verified by a number of assays including nondenaturing PAGE, Ferguson analysis, endonuclease VII digestion, and hydroxyl radical autofootprinting. The simplicity, efficiency, and fidelity of nature are fully reflected in this system. UV-induced psoralen cross-linking is used to probe the secondary structure of the inserted junction in infected cells. Our data suggest the possible formation of the immobile four-arm junction in vivo.
    Keywords: DNA -- Metabolism ; Nanostructures -- Chemistry
    ISSN: 00278424
    E-ISSN: 1091-6490
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, 29 August 2007, Vol.129(34), pp.10304-5
    Description: Here we generalize a highly programmable strategy to self-assemble multiprotein nanoarrays with deterministic positional addressability. These protein nanoarrays were templated by aptamer-tagged DNA nanoarchitectures. Arrays of proteins with precisely controlled positions and interprotein spacings offer great potential in proteomics, tissue engineering, and medical diagnostics.
    Keywords: Aptamers, Nucleotide -- Chemistry ; Nanostructures -- Chemistry ; Platelet-Derived Growth Factor -- Chemistry ; Thrombin -- Chemistry
    ISSN: 0002-7863
    E-ISSN: 15205126
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: Chemical communications (Cambridge, England), 05 July 2006(25), pp.2675-7
    Description: We measured the helical repeats of a non-natural nucleic acid, locked nucleic acid (LNA), by incorporating LNA strands into the outer arms of a DNA double crossover (DX) molecule; atomic force microscopy (AFM) imaging of the two-dimensional (2D) arrays self-assembled from these DX molecules allows us to derive the helical repeat of the LNA/DNA hetero-duplex to be 13.2 +/- 0.9 base pairs per turn.
    Keywords: DNA -- Chemistry ; Oligonucleotides, Antisense -- Chemistry
    ISSN: 1359-7345
    Source: MEDLINE/PubMed (U.S. National Library of Medicine)
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  • 4
    Language: English
    In: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews, 2010, Vol.62(6), pp.617-625
    Description: Self-assembling DNA nanostructures based on rationally designed DNA branch junction molecules has recently led to the construction of patterned supramolecular structures with increased complexities. An intrinsic value of DNA tiles and patterns lies in their utility as molecular pegboard for deterministic positioning of molecules or particles with accurate distance and architectural control. This review will discuss the state-of-art developments in self-assembled DNA nanostructural system. Biomedical aspects of information guided DNA nanostructures will also be summarized. We illustrate both the use of simple DNA artworks for sensing, computation, drug delivery and the application of more complex DNA architectures as scaffolds for the construction of protein and nanoparticle arrays.
    Keywords: Self-Assembly ; DNA Nanotechnology ; DNA Tiles ; DNA Nanoarrays ; Biosensing ; Biology ; Pharmacy, Therapeutics, & Pharmacology
    ISSN: 0169-409X
    E-ISSN: 1872-8294
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  • 5
    In: Nature Nanotechnology, 2008, Vol.3(7), p.418
    Description: An important goal of nanotechnology is to assemble multiple molecules while controlling the spacing between them. Of particular interest is the phenomenon of multivalency, which is characterized by simultaneous binding of multiple ligands on one biological entity to multiple receptors on another. Various approaches have been developed to engineer multivalency by linking multiple ligands together. However, the effects of well-controlled inter-ligand distances on multivalency are less well understood. Recent progress in self-assembling DNA nanostructures with spatial and sequence addressability has made deterministic positioning of different molecular species possible. Here we show that distance-dependent multivalent binding effects can be systematically investigated by incorporating multiple-affinity ligands into DNA nanostructures with precise nanometre spatial control. Using atomic force microscopy, we demonstrate direct visualization of high-affinity bivalent ligands being used as pincers to capture and display protein molecules on a nanoarray. These results illustrate the potential of using designer DNA nanoscaffolds to engineer more complex and interactive biomolecular networks.
    Keywords: Engineering;
    ISSN: 1748-3387
    E-ISSN: 17483395
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  • 6
    Language: English
    In: Chemphyschem : a European journal of chemical physics and physical chemistry, 11 August 2006, Vol.7(8), pp.1641-7
    Description: DNA tile based self-assembly provides an attractive route to create nanoarchitectures of programmable patterns. It also offers excellent scaffolds for directed self-assembly of nanometer-scale materials, ranging from nanoparticles to proteins, with potential applications in constructing nanoelectronic/nanophotonic devices and protein/ligand nanoarrays. This Review first summarizes the currently available DNA tile toolboxes and further emphasizes recent developments toward self-assembling DNA nanostructures with increasing complexity. Exciting progress using DNA tiles for directed self-assembly of other nanometer scale components is also discussed.
    Keywords: Base Composition ; Nucleic Acid Conformation ; Biophysics -- Methods ; DNA -- Chemistry ; Nanocomposites -- Chemistry
    ISSN: 1439-4235
    E-ISSN: 14397641
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