FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 2015, Vol. 91(10)
Aconcagua River basin (Central Chile) harbors diverse economic activities such as agriculture, mining and a crude oil refinery. The aim of this study was to assess environmental drivers of microbial communities in Aconcagua River estuarine soils, which may be influenced by anthropogenic activities taking place upstream and by natural processes such as tides and flood runoffs. Physicochemical parameters were measured in floodplain soils along the estuary. Bacteria , Actinobacteria, Alphaproteobacteria , Betaproteobacteria , Pseudomonas , Bacillus and Fungi were studied by DGGE fingerprinting of 16S rRNA gene and ribosomal ITS-1 amplified from community DNA. Correlations between environment and communities were assessed by distance-based redundancy analysis. Mainly hydrocarbons, pH and the composed variable copper/arsenic/calcium but in less extent nitrogen and organic matter/phosphorous/magnesium correlated with community structures at different taxonomic levels. Aromatic hydrocarbons degradation potential by bacterial community was studied. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon ring-hydroxylating dioxygenases genes were detected only at upstream sites. Naphthalene dioxygenase ndo genes were heterogeneously distributed along estuary, and related to Pseudomonas, Delftia, Comamonas and Ralstonia . IncP-1 plasmids were mainly present at downstream sites, whereas IncP-7 and IncP-9 plasmids showed a heterogeneous distribution. This study strongly suggests that pH, copper, arsenic and hydrocarbons are main drivers of microbial communities in Aconcagua River estuarine soils. Microbial communities from Aconcagua River estuarine soils are mainly influenced by environmental factors such as pH, copper, arsenic and hydrocarbons, indicating inputs from mining and a crude oil refinery. Graphical Abstract Figure. Microbial communities from Aconcagua River estuarine soils are mainly influenced by environmental factors such as pH, copper, arsenic and hydrocarbons, indicating inputs from mining and a crude oil refinery.
Microbial Community ; Aconcagua River ; Dgge ; 16s Rrna Gene ; Pah - Rhd Gene ; Incp Plasmid