Environmental Pollution, July, 2014, Vol.190, p.139(11)
To link to full-text access for this article, visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2014.03.032 Byline: Shaoqing Chen, Bin Chen, Brian D. Fath Abstract: Urbanization is a strong and extensive driver that causes environmental pollution and climate change from local to global scale. Modeling cities as ecosystems has been initiated by a wide range of scientists as a key to addressing challenging problems concomitant with urbanization. In this paper, 'urban ecosystem modeling (UEM)' is defined in an inter-disciplinary context to acquire a broad perception of urban ecological properties and their interactions with global change. Furthermore, state-of-the-art models of urban ecosystems are reviewed, categorized as top-down models (including materials/energy-oriented models and structure-oriented models), bottom-up models (including land use-oriented models and infrastructure-oriented models), or hybrid models thereof. Based on the review of UEM studies, a future framework for explicit UEM is proposed based the integration of UEM approaches of different scales, guiding more rational urban management and efficient emissions mitigation. Author Affiliation: (a) State Key Joint Laboratory of Environmental Simulation and Pollution Control, School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China (b) Department of Biological Sciences, Towson University, Towson, MD 21252, USA (c) Advanced Systems Analysis, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg, Austria Article History: Received 7 January 2014; Revised 24 March 2014; Accepted 25 March 2014
Pollution Control -- Models ; Global Temperature Changes -- Models ; Urbanization -- Models ; Ecosystems -- Models
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