International Journal of Cardiology, 5/1985, Vol.8(1), pp.67-76
This study was performed to ascertain whether intravenous amiodarone would revert supraventricular tachycardias to sinus rhythm, and if so, whether this effect depended upon the underlying mechanism of the arrhythmia. Fourteen patients were studied. Seven had Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome, 1 had dual atrioventricular nodal pathways and 1 an ectopic atrial tachycardia. Five patients had atrial fibrillation without accessory pathways. An atrial electrode was inserted to initiate tachycardias and record the electrogram. If tachycardias were stable for more than 5 min, amiodarone (5 mg/kg) diluted with dextrose saline was infused intravenously over 5 min. Two electrocardiographic leads and the right atrial electrogram were monitored. In 7 patients with atrial fibrillation (2 with accessory pathways), 6 did not revert to sinus rhythm, 1 reverted only after 1 hr. In 5 cases without accessory pathways the ventricular rate fell 5-10 min after commencing amiodarone. Four of the 5 patients with WPW syndrome and re-entrant tachycardias returned to sinus rhythm within 6 min of commencing the infusion (atrioventricular and ventriculoatrial times increased by 0-38% and 0-14% respectively). (Tachycardias terminated in the anterograde limb.) Three patients underwent intermittent right atrial stimulation for 1 hr. No tachycardias could be initiated for 30 min post amiodarone. The ectopic atrial tachycardia and that due to dual atrioventricular nodal pathways terminated within 7 and 2 min, respectively, of commencing intravenous amiodarone. Thus the use of intravenous amiodarone would be appropriate in the acute management of sustained supraventricular tachycardias.
Amiodarone -- Therapeutic Use ; Benzofurans -- Therapeutic Use;