Kooperativer Bibliotheksverbund

Berlin Brandenburg

and
and

Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
Filter
  • Female
Type of Medium
Language
Year
Topic
  • 1
    Language: English
    In: Journal of general internal medicine, May 2015, Vol.30(5), pp.675-8
    Description: In shared decision-making (SDM), patient and physician deliberate together on the basis of shared evidence, supporting the patient's choice among multiple options, informed by her values and preferences. One factor complicating the implementation of SDM is uncertainty, which has long been recognized in medicine but perhaps not sufficiently addressed in the context of SDM. In order to ensure that SDM can be realistically applied to real-world clinical encounters, the issue of uncertainty should be recognized and explicitly incorporated into SDM strategies. Here we propose practical approaches, based in doctor-patient communication science and bioethics, that may be of help for incorporating the uncertainty factor into SDM in the context of the doctor-patient encounter. We also discuss how decision aids might be more widely applicable through routinely acknowledging the preference sensitivity of decisions and supplementing these tools with a discussion of uncertainty.
    Keywords: Decision Making ; Physician-Patient Relations ; Uncertainty ; Patient Participation -- Statistics & Numerical Data
    ISSN: 08848734
    E-ISSN: 1525-1497
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    Language: English
    In: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry, 17 September 2012, Vol.83(9), p.856
    Description: Dr Mentzer and colleagues have taken an important first step in providing a laddered case definition for progressive multifocal leucoencephalopathy (PML) in patients treated with monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) which is based on the evidence supporting the diagnosis.1 While designated for PML occurring with mAbs, these case definitions should be equally applicable to PML arising with other conditions. In the decades following its initial description in 1958,2 the diagnosis of PML was dependent on demonstrating the characteristic histopathological triad of demyelination, bizarre astrocytes and enlarged oligodendroglial nuclei. The discovery of JC virus as the aetiology of PML in 19713 ultimately improved the diagnostic accuracy in tissue specimens. Despite descriptions of the characteristic lesions of PML on cranial MRIs shortly after the development of this technology,4 pathological confirmation remained a necessity until the introduction of PCR for JC virus DNA in the cerebral spinal fluid (CSF).5
    Keywords: Accuracy ; Deoxyribonucleic Acid–DNA ; Multiple Sclerosis;
    ISSN: 0022-3050
    ISSN: 00223050
    E-ISSN: 1468-330X
    E-ISSN: 1468330X
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    Language: English
    In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2015, Vol.109(1), pp.20-34
    Description: Why do some cultural items catch on and become more popular than others? Language is one of the basic foundations of culture. But what leads some phrases to become more culturally successful? There are multiple ways to convey the same thing and phrases with similar meanings often act as substitutes, competing for usage. A not so friendly person, for example, can be described as unfriendly or cold. We study how the senses shape cultural success, suggesting that compared with their semantic equivalents (e.g., unfriendly person), phrases which relate to senses in metaphoric ways (e.g., cold person) should be more culturally successful. Data from 5 million books over 200 years support this prediction: Sensory metaphors are used more frequently over time than are their semantic equivalents. Experimental evidence demonstrates that sensory metaphors are more memorable because they relate more to the senses and have more associative cues. These findings shed light on how senses shape language and the psychological foundations of culture more broadly.
    Keywords: Foundations Of Culture ; Metaphors ; Embodiment ; Senses
    ISSN: 0022-3514
    E-ISSN: 1939-1315
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    Language: English
    In: Developmental Psychology, 2010, Vol.46(2), pp.326-336
    Description: This research examined the development of inhibition in a locomotor context. In a within-subjects design, infants received high- and low-demand locomotor A-not-B tasks. In Experiment 1, walking 13-month-old infants followed an indirect path to a goal. In a control condition, infants took a direct route. In Experiment 2, crawling and walking 13-month-old infants crawled through a tunnel to reach a goal at the other end and received the same control condition as in Experiment 1. In both experiments, perseverative errors occurred more often in the high-demand condition than in the low-demand condition. Moreover, in Experiment 2, walkers perseverated more than crawlers, and extent of perseveration was related to infants’ locomotor experience. In Experiment 3, the authors addressed a possible confound in Experiment 2 between locomotor expertise and locomotor posture. Novice crawlers perseverated in the difficult tunnels condition, behaving more like novice walkers than expert crawlers. As predicted by a cognitive capacity account of infant perseveration, overtaxed attentional resources resulted in a cognition–action trade-off. Experts who found the task less motorically effortful than novices had more cognitive resources available for problem solving.
    Keywords: Cognitive Capacity ; Perseveration ; Infancy ; Inhibition ; Cognition–Action Trade-Off
    ISSN: 0012-1649
    E-ISSN: 1939-0599
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    Language: English
    In: Journal of General Internal Medicine, 2014, Vol.29(1), pp.177-177
    Description: Fortuna et al.1 assess and compare the effectiveness of phone, mail, and personal reminders as methods to improve rates of breast and colorectal cancer screening in an underserved population. Compared to reminder letters alone, cancer screening rates were increased with the addition of reminders at the point of care or a personalized phone call. However, no benefit was shown with the addition of an automated phone call to a reminder letter, compared to the letter alone.
    Keywords: Medicine;
    ISSN: 0884-8734
    E-ISSN: 1525-1497
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    Language: English
    In: Journal of Adolescent Health, November 2012, Vol.51(5), pp.453-461
    Description: For the past 8 years, the residents of Sderot—a town in southern Israel—have been exposed to ongoing and intense war-related threat due to daily rocket attacks and mortar shelling from the adjacent Gaza region. This study first evaluates the prevalence of posttraumatic symptomatology in a sample of seventh- and eighth-grade students, and then assesses the efficacy of a universal teacher-delivered skill-oriented and present-focused intervention in preventing and reducing adolescents' posttraumatic stress-related symptoms. In a quasi-randomized controlled trial, 154 seventh- and eighth-grade students with significant levels of war-related exposure were assigned to participate in either a manualized active 16-session intervention (Extended Enhancing Resiliency Amongst Students Experiencing Stress, ERASE-Stress) or a waiting-list control group. They were assessed using self-report measures before and after the intervention on posttraumatic stress-related symptoms, somatic complaints, functional impairment, and anxiety. At baseline, 43.5% were found to have a likely diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder. A month after the intervention ended, students in the active intervention showed statistically significant reduction on all outcome measures compared with those in the waiting-list control group. Extended ERASE-Stress—a universal teacher-delivered skill-oriented program not targeting traumatic memories and involving trained and supervised homeroom teachers—may help students suffering from significant war-related posttraumatic symptoms reduce their level of symptomatology and can serve as an important and effective component of a community mental health policy for communities affected by chronic trauma, such as war and terrorism.
    Keywords: School-Based Interventions ; Teacher-Delivered Interventions ; War ; Terrorism ; PTSD ; Anxiety ; Somatization ; Trauma ; Community Interventions ; Medicine ; Social Welfare & Social Work
    ISSN: 1054-139X
    E-ISSN: 1879-1972
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    Language: English
    In: Pediatrics, August 2013, Vol.132(2), pp.e500-1
    Description: * Abbreviations: ACE — : adverse childhood experience NESARC — : National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions Since the landmark study on adverse childhood experiences (ACEs),1 there has been a growing interest in the relationship between ACEs and physical health. ACEs are associated with smoking, chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder, obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, alcohol use, and liver disease in adults in a dose-dependent fashion. In the original study by Felitti et al,1 ACEs were more common that one might expect; although the majority reported 0 or 1 ACE, one-fourth of all respondents reported ≥2 ACEs. Physical punishment, by contrast, is nearly universal in the United States; ∼90% of preschool-age children were spanked in the last year.2 Three decades of research on physical punishment has shown with remarkable consistency that spanking children increases the risk of poor mental health, aggression, and delinquent and antisocial behavior; decreases the quality of the parent-child relationship, increases behavioral symptoms, and increases rates of physical-abuse victimization.3 Despite the recognized association between ACEs and physical health in adulthood, however, there have been no studies to our knowledge that have evaluated the relationship between physical punishment and physical health in adulthood. … Address correspondence to Rachel P. Berger, MD, MPH, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC, Child Advocacy Center, 4401 Penn Ave, Pittsburgh, PA 15224. E-mail: rachel.berger{at}chp.edu
    Keywords: Discipline ; Health Status Measurement ; Health Status Indicators ; Punishment ; Aggression -- Psychology ; Child Rearing -- Psychology ; Chronic Disease -- Epidemiology
    ISSN: 00314005
    E-ISSN: 1098-4275
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 8
    Language: English
    In: The American journal of occupational therapy : official publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association, 2013, Vol.67(3), pp.263-5
    Keywords: Activities of Daily Living ; Quality of Life ; Occupational Therapy -- Methods ; Vision, Low -- Rehabilitation
    ISSN: 02729490
    E-ISSN: 1943-7676
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 9
    Language: English
    In: Patient Education and Counseling, July 2012, Vol.88(1), pp.129-137
    Description: To explore differences between conventional medicine (COM) and complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) regarding the attitude toward and the perceived use of shared decision-making (SDM) from the health professional perspective. Thirty guideline-based interviews with German GPs and nonmedical practitioners were conducted using qualitative analysis for interpretation. The health professional–patient-relationship in CAM differs from that in COM, as SDM is perceived more often. Reasons for this include external context variables (e.g. longer consultation time) and internal provider beliefs (e.g. attitude toward SDM). German health care policy was regarded as one of the most critical factors which affected the relationship between GPs and their patients and their practice of SDM. Differences between COM and CAM regarding the attitude toward and the perceived use of SDM are attributable to diverse concepts of medicine, practice context variables and internal provider factors. Therefore, the perceived feasibility of SDM depends on the complexity of different occupational socialization processes and thus, different value systems between COM and CAM. Implementation barriers such as insufficient communication skills, lacking SDM training or obedient patients should be reduced. Especially in COM, contextual variables such as political restrictions need to be eliminated to successfully implement SDM.
    Keywords: Shared Decision-Making ; Patient Participation ; Health Professional–Patient-Relationship ; Complementary and Alternative Medicine ; Health Professional Perspective ; Qualitative Research ; Medicine ; Public Health
    ISSN: 0738-3991
    E-ISSN: 1873-5134
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 10
    Language: Spanish
    In: Conservation Biology, October 2012, Vol.26(5), pp.769-777
    Description: Alces alcesp p p Ovibos moschatus
    Keywords: Conservation Policy ; Moose ; Muskoxen ; Orphans ; Overwinter Survival ; Photogrammetry ; Alce ; Buey Almizclero ; Fotogrametría ; Huérfanos ; Políticas De Conservación ; Supervivencia A La Hibernación
    ISSN: 0888-8892
    E-ISSN: 1523-1739
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. Further information can be found on the KOBV privacy pages