Kooperativer Bibliotheksverbund

Berlin Brandenburg

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  • 1
    In: Sex Transm Dis, 2001, Vol.28(5), pp.247-251
    Description: BACKGROUND: The temporal pattern of partners and sexual encounters may be key factors in the acquisition and transmission of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Behavior among adolescent women is of particular interest because they frequently have the highest prevalence and incidence of infection. GOAL: To examine coital diary data collected during a 7-month longitudinal study of young women at high risk of STDs and to describe their sexual behaviors, with particular attention to issues of partner sequence and overlap. STUDY DESIGN: A 7-month longitudinal study of young women infected with or having a sexual contact infected with Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis, or Trichomonas vaginalis attending the STD clinic or one of four neighborhood adolescent health clinics. Data were collected at enrollment and at 1, 3, 5, and 7-month follow-up visits. Coital diaries were kept between visits. RESULTS: The average frequency of coital events was 0.94 per week. The median number of sexual partners during the follow-up period was one, and overlapping of partnerships was an uncommon occurrence. The number of days between the last coital event of a current relationship and the first encounter of a new relationship differed for those choosing a new partner (mean, 20.6 days) and those who returned to a previous partner (mean, 7.9 days;P 〈 0.001). CONCLUSION: Although at high risk for STDs, high-risk behavior was not common among the study population. Partner choice and the behavior of these partners may be more important elements than personal high-risk behavior in accounting for the high prevalence of sexually transmitted infections among inner-city adolescent women.
    Keywords: Teenage Girls -- Sexual Behavior ; Sexually Transmitted Diseases -- Research;
    ISSN: 0148-5717
    E-ISSN: 15374521
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: The Journal of Infectious Diseases, 1 April 1989, Vol.159(4), pp.661-669
    Description: To determine whether concurrent gonorrhea reactivates latent chlamydial infection, we studied 74 recurrent chlamydial infections and the effect of concurrent gonorrhea at the recurrent episode on the chlamydial serovar identified. Serotyping of 74 recurrent pairs of chlamydial isolates from patients attending a sexually transmitted diseases clinic indicated that 47.1% (16 of 34) with gonorrhea at the time of recurrence harbored chlamydiae of the same serovar as at the initial infection, while only 22.5% (9 of 40) without gonorrhea had the same serovar (P = .03). The proportion of recurrences by the same serovar in the group without gonorrhea did not differ from the proportion predicted by a random exposure model (22.2% vs. 18.4%, P = .46), while the proportion in the gonorrhea group did (47.1% vs. 19.8% P 〈 .0001). The possibility of reinfection did not appear more likely in the group with gonorrhea than in the group without. These observations support the hypothesis that concurrent gonorrhea can reactivate latent chlamydial infection.
    Keywords: Health sciences -- Medical conditions -- Infections ; Health sciences -- Medical conditions -- Infections ; Biological sciences -- Biology -- Microbiology ; Health sciences -- Medical sciences -- Immunology ; Health sciences -- Medical conditions -- Diseases ; Health sciences -- Medical sciences -- Immunology ; Health sciences -- Medical conditions -- Diseases ; Health sciences -- Medical conditions -- Infections ; Social sciences -- Population studies -- Human populations ; Biological sciences -- Biology -- Anatomy
    ISSN: 00221899
    E-ISSN: 15376613
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  • 3
    In: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 1992, Vol.19(2), pp.99-104
    Description: :
    Keywords: Gonorrhea ; Care and Treatment ; Chlamydia Infections ; Clinical Epidemiology ; Evaluation ; Sexually Transmitted Diseases ; Reporting ; Medicine;
    ISSN: 0148-5717
    E-ISSN: 15374521
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  • 4
    In: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 1992, Vol.19(6), pp.351-354
    Description: Control of bacterial sexually transmitted diseases (STD) depends on adequate antibiotic therapy. During a 4-week period, a survey concerning compliance was administered to all patients attending an STD clinic who were being treated with one of the standard antibiotic regimens for presumed gonococcal or chlamydial infections. Of the 497 eligible patients, 406 (81.7%) were surveyed between 24 hours and 72 hours after the end of treatment. Of those being treated with the standard 7-day regimen of tetracycline or erythromycin, 63.4% complied. Compliance was not associated with race, gender, symptoms, or antibiotic regimen. Those who were younger, were sexual contacts of an infected partner, or had gastrointestinal side effects were more likely not to comply with treatment.
    Keywords: Chlamydia Trachomatis ; Drug Therapy ; Neisseria Gonorrhoeae ; Patient Compliance ; Evaluation ; Medicine;
    ISSN: 0148-5717
    E-ISSN: 15374521
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  • 5
    In: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 1999, Vol.26(1), pp.26-32
    Description: OBJECTIVE:: To identify factors associated with subsequent sexually transmitted infection (STI) (within 1 year of initial infection) due to Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae or Trichomonas vaginalis. DESIGN:: SETTING:: PARTICIPANTS:: MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:: RESULTS:: CONCLUSIONS::
    Keywords: Chlamydia ; Demographic Aspects ; Trichomonas Vaginalis ; Gonorrhea ; Teenage Girls ; Sexual Behavior ; Sexually Transmitted Diseases ; Risk Factors ; Medicine;
    ISSN: 0148-5717
    E-ISSN: 15374521
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