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Berlin Brandenburg

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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: Biomacromolecules, 10 October 2016, Vol.17(10), pp.3252-3261
    Description: Sulfated glycosaminoglycans (sGAGs) modulate cellular processes via their interaction with extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins. We revealed a direct binding of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-3 (TIMP-3) to the endocytic receptor low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP-1) clusters II and IV using surface plasmon resonance. Sulfated hyaluronan (sHA) and chondroitin sulfate (sCS) derivatives interfered with TIMP-3/LRP-1 complex formation in a sulfation-dependent manner stronger than heparin. Electrostatic potential calculations suggested a competition between negatively charged GAGs and highly negatively charged complement-like domains of LRP-1 for the binding to a positively charged area of TIMP-3 as an underlying mechanism. In vitro studies revealed increased amounts of pericellular TIMP-3 in the presence of sHA as a consequence of the blocked protein uptake. GAG derivatives as part of biomaterials might post-translationally modulate TIMP-3 levels stronger than native GAGs, thus exhibiting catabolic effects on the ECM, which could prevent extensive pathological matrix degradation and promote wound healing.
    Keywords: Glycosaminoglycans -- Administration & Dosage ; Hyaluronic Acid -- Administration & Dosage ; Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor-Related Protein-1 -- Biosynthesis ; Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-3 -- Biosynthesis
    ISSN: 15257797
    E-ISSN: 1526-4602
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: Journal of natural products, July 2008, Vol.71(7), pp.1237-41
    Description: The minor hop ( Humulus lupulus) chalcones 3'-geranylchalconaringenin (3), 5'-prenylxanthohumol (4), flavokawin (5), xanthohumol H (8), xanthohumol C (9), and 1'',2''-dihydroxanthohumol C (10) were synthesized. The non-natural chalcones 3'-geranyl-6'-O-methylchalconaringenin (2), 3'-methylflavokawin (6), and 2'-O-methyl-3'-prenylchalconaringenin (7) were also synthesized. Cytotoxicity was investigated in HeLa cells, and these compounds all had IC 50 values comparable to xanthohumol (8.2-19.2 microM). The ORAC-fluorescein assay revealed potent antioxidative activity for 7 and 8 with 5.2 and 4.8 Trolox equivalents, respectively.
    Keywords: Antioxidants -- Chemical Synthesis ; Chalcones -- Chemical Synthesis ; Humulus -- Chemistry ; Propiophenones -- Pharmacology
    ISSN: 01633864
    E-ISSN: 1520-6025
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: Molecular pharmaceutics, 2009, Vol.6(2), pp.407-15
    Description: Some Pluronics, particularly F127, are known to stabilize nanospheres and prolong their circulation time in vivo. However, these copolymers of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) and poly(propylene glycol) are not biodegradable, and despite the long history, there is no approved commercial product using F127 for parenteral administration until now. Meanwhile, hydroxyethyl starch (HES) is a biodegradable polymer that is currently investigated as a substitute for PEG. In order to produce a fully biodegradable amphiphilic polymer, we esterified different molar masses of HES with lauric acid to get different molar substitutions. These polymers, as well as Pluronic F68 and F127, were used to stabilize poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanospheres prepared by nanoprecipitation. For physicochemical characterization, the particle size, zeta potential, and the thickness of the adsorbed polymer layer were measured. The ability of the polymer coating to prevent the adsorption of human serum albumin (HSA) and fibrinogen (FBG) was evaluated. Finally, the phagocytosis of the stabilized nanospheres by a monocyte macrophage cell line (J774.2) was assessed. Results show that the PLGA nanospheres had an average particle size of 110-140 nm. The thickness of the adsorbed polymer layer increases with the increase in molar mass, and is generally higher for HES laurates than the studied Pluronics. Pluronic F68, F127 as well as the HES laurates with low molar substitution prevented the adsorption of HSA. HES laurates with low molar substitution and F127, but not F68, prevented the adsorption of FBG. The phagocytosis experiments showed that the HES laurates, particularly the one with the highest molar mass, could reduce the uptake of the nanospheres better than F68 and comparable to F127. Finally, these results warrant in vivo experiments to evaluate how the HES laurates can affect the pharmacokinetics and fate of the nanospheres.
    Keywords: Nanospheres ; Glycolates -- Chemistry ; Hydroxyethyl Starch Derivatives -- Chemistry ; Poloxamer -- Chemistry ; Polymers -- Chemistry
    ISSN: 1543-8384
    E-ISSN: 15438392
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