Clinical chemistry, March 2007, Vol.53(3), pp.456-64
This study was undertaken to determine the association of serum C-reactive protein (CRP) with generalized and abdominal obesity, body fat composition, the metabolic syndrome, and oxidative stress markers among young people. We conducted a population-based study of 512 young people, aged 10-18 years. We obtained anthropometric and blood pressure measurements. Fasting blood sugar, total cholesterol (TC), HDL-cholesterol, triglycerides, CRP, malondialdehyde (MDA), and conjugated diene (CDE) were quantified. LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) was calculated for samples with TG 〈 or =4.52 mmol/L RESULTS: Mean triglycerides, waist and hip circumferences, percentage body fat, subcutaneous fat, and systolic blood pressure increased significantly with increasing body mass index (BMI). In contrast, the mean LDL and TC were higher in underweight than normal weight individuals, and then increased significantly from normal to higher BMI categories. Mean HDL cholesterol significantly decreased with increasing BMI. Overall, CRP, MDA, and CDE were significantly correlated with measures of abdominal obesity. Serum CRP, MDA, and CDE significantly increased in the upper quartiles of waist circumference. Study participants with higher CRP concentrations were more likely to have metabolic syndrome and high oxidative stress markers. We found a significant positive association between CRP and oxidative stress markers in healthy young people, as well as an increase in these markers in the upper quartiles of waist circumference, but not BMI. Oxidative stress and CRP may interact in the early inflammatory processes of atherosclerosis.
Oxidative Stress ; Atherosclerosis -- Metabolism ; C-Reactive Protein -- Analysis
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