Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, September 2018, Vol.130, pp.139-147
Plants respond to water stress through a variety of mechanisms, depending on metabolites preferences and their available resources. This work was performed to elucidate the cross-talk between signaling molecules (polyamines (PAs), hydrogen peroxide (H O ) and nitric oxide (NO)), phenolic compounds and osmolytes (phenylethanoid glycosides (PhGs), phenolic acids, flavonoids, soluble sugars and amino acids) under water stress in plants. The results revealed that PAs, NO levels were enhanced in the plants, earlier in response to polyethylene glycol-induced water stress. The antioxidative mechanisms with increased activity of catalase (CAT), guaiacol peroxidase (GPX) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) and also phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL), tyrosine ammonia-lyase (TAL), as key enzymes in phenolic pathway were deployed in response to the stress. Mannose, glucose, xylose/rhamnose which are involved in PhGs biosynthesis as well as in serving osmotic adjustment were modulated. The elevated content of arginine and methionine as PAs precursors and tyrosine and phenylalanine as PhGs precursors was enhanced by water stress and was significantly associated with PAs and PhGs accumulations. Metabolic profiling revealed new information about relationship between stress signal molecules; PAs, NO and H O , osmolytes (sugers, PhGs) and phenolic compounds which involved in the improvement of water stress tolerance in .
Phenylethanoid Glycosides ; Polyamines ; Nitric Oxide ; Water Stress ; Scrophularia Striata ; Botany ; Chemistry
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